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γῆ , , occasionally in Hom., freq. in Hes., and the only form in Att. Prose for γαῖα: dual
A.γαῖνA.Pers.736: pl. rare, “γαῖArist.Pr. 934b9, “γέαιSIG279.40 (Zelea), etc., AP9.430 (Crin.): gen. “γεῶνHdt.4.198, GDI5755.14 (Mylasa); “γῶνBGU993 iii 10 (ii B. C.): acc. γέας [Democr.] 299, SIG46.3 (Halic.), “γᾶςPTeb.6.31 (ii B. C.), Str. 2.5.26; Cypr.ζᾶςInscr.Cypr.135.30 H.: dat. pl. γέαις prob. in CIG 2693f9 (Mylasa), LW415.9 (ibid.):—earth (including land and sea, Sapph.Supp.5.2) opp. heaven, or land opp. sea, “Γῆ τε καὶ Ἠέλιος καὶ ἘρινύεςIl.19.259, cf. 3.104; τίς γῆ; Od.13.233; “γῆς περίοδοιHdt.4.36, Arist.Mete.362b12, title of work by Hecat.: personified, Il. l.c., A.Th.69, Pers.629, etc.; κατὰ γῆν on land, by land, opp. ναυσί, Th. 1.18; opp. ἐκ θαλάσσης, Id.2.81; “κατὰ γῆν στέλλεσθαιX.An.5.6.5, etc.; ἐπὶ γῆς on earth, opp. νέρθε, S.OT416; κατὰ γῆς below the earth, A.Ch.377,475, etc.; “κάτω γῆςS.OT968; “ὑπὸ γῆςId.Fr.572; “γᾶς ὑπένερθεPi.Fr.292: gen. with local Adverbs, “ἵνα γῆςE.Andr. 168; ποῦ, ποῖ, ὅποι γ., S.OT108, Ph.1211, El.922; “ὅπου γ.Ar.Av. 9.
2. earth, as an element, Xenoph.27, Anaxag.4, Pl.Prt.320d, Lg.889b, Arist.Metaph.989a5, Cael.306a18, etc.
II. land, country, “καὶ γῆν καὶ πόλινA.Eu. 993; γῆν πρὸ γῆς ἐλαύνεσθαι, διώκειν, from land to land, Id.Pr.682, Ar. Ach.235; “ ἁγία γῆLXX Wi.12.3; one's native land, Tyrt.12.33, Thgn.1213, A.Supp.890 (lyr.), S.OC441, E.Ph.1090; freq. omitted with art., ἐκ τῆς ἐμαυτοῦ (sc. γῆς)“ δραπέταςId.Heracl.140, etc.
2. estate, farm, “γῆν πρίασθαιLys.32.23; ἐπὶ γῇ δανείζειν lend on mortgage, D.36.6.
IV. of particular kinds of earth or minerals, e.g. fuller's earth. Thphr.Char.10.14, cf. Gal.12.168; “Κιμωλία γ.Ar.Ra. 712, cf. Hp.Mul.2.189.
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