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ἀλήθ-εια [α^λ], , Dor. ἀλάθεια (also
A.ἀλαθεία_B.12.204); “ἀλάθεαAlc.57, Theoc.29.1 is neut. pl. of ἀλα_θής; Ep. (and Farly Att. acc. to Hdn.Gr.2.454) ἀληθεία_; Ion. ἀληθείη :
I. truth, opp. lie or mere appearance:
1. in Hom. only opp. a lie, freq. in phrase “ἀληθείην καταλέξαιIl.24.407,al.; “. ἀποειπεῖν23.361; παιδὸς πᾶσαν . μυθεῖσθαι to tell whole truth about the lad, Od.11.507; “ἀλάθει᾽ ἀτρεκήςPi.N.5.17, cf. B. l.c.; prov., οἶνος καὶ . `in vino veritas', Alc.l.c., etc.; “ἁπλᾶ γάρ ἐστι τῆς . ἔπηA.Fr.176, cf. E.Ph.469; “χρᾶσθαι τῇ .Hdt.1.116; “εἰπεῖν τὴν .Id.6.69; “ . περί τινοςTh.4.122, S. Tr.91; . ἔχειν to be true, Arist.Pol.1281a42: pl., “ταῖς . χρῆσθαιIsoc.9.5; “τὰς . λέγεινMen.87,925; “τὰς . ἀκοῦσαι τῶν γενομένωνAlcid.Od.13:—Ἀλήθεια or περὶ Ἀληθείας, title of works by Protag., Pl.Tht.161c, Cra. 391c; by Antipho Soph., FOxy.1364, cf. Hermog. Id.2.11, etc.
2. after Hom. also truth, reality, opp. appearance, “σὺν ἀλαθείᾳ καλῶνB.3.96; “ . τῶν πραχθέντωνAntipho 2.4.1; “τῶν ἔργων .Th.2.41; “μιμήματα ἀληθείαςPl.Plt.300c:— in adverb. usages, τῇ . in very truth, Th.4.120, etc.; “ταῖς .Isoc.15.283, cf. Philem.130, Plb.10.40.5, Babr.75.20; rarely (without the Art.) “ἀληθείᾳPl.Prt.343d:—with Preps., “ἐν τῇ .Pl.La.183d; ἐπὶ τῆς ἀληθείας καὶ τοῦ πράγματος in truth and reality, D.21.72; ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείᾳ for the sake of truth, A.Supp. 628, Ar.Pl.891; also, according to truth and nature, Theoc.7.44:—“μετ᾽ ἀληθείαςX.Mem.2.1.27, D.2.4:— “κατὰ τὴν .Isoc.1.2.46, etc.; “κατ᾽ ἀλήθειονArist.Pol.1278b33, etc.:— “ξὺν ἀληθείᾳA.Ag.1567:—“πρὸς ἀλήθειανD.S.5.67, etc.
3. real war, opp. exercise or parade, Plb.10.20.4,al.; “ἐπ᾽ αὐτῆς τῆς .Id.1.21.3.
4. true event, realization of dream or omen, Hdt.3.64, Damon ap.Sch.Ar.Pl.1003.
II. of persons, truthfulness, sincerity, Hdt. 1.55; “ἀλαθείᾳ φρενῶνA.Ag.1550, cf. Pl.R.331c, Arist.EN1108a20.
III. *)a. personified, Emp.1, Parm.1.29, etc.
IV. symbol of truth, jewel worn by Egyptian high-priest, D.S.1.48,75, Ael. VH14.34: of the Thummim, LXX Le.8.8.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (40):
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1550
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 628
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 4.1
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 1003
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 891
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1108a.20
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 12.204
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 3.96
    • Demosthenes, Olynthiac 2, 4
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 72
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 469
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.116
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.55
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.64
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.69
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.361
    • Homer, Odyssey, 11.507
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 283
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 2.46
    • Isocrates, Evagoras, 5
    • Old Testament, Leviticus, 8.8
    • Plato, Republic, 331c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 391c
    • Plato, Statesman, 300c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 161c
    • Plato, Laches, 183d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 343d
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 91
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.120
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.1.27
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.407
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1567
    • Polybius, Histories, 10.20.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 10.40.5
    • Polybius, Histories, 1.21.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.41
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.122
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.48
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 5.67
    • Aelian, Varia Historia, 14.34
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