A.undying, immortal, Hom., etc.; ἀ. πρόσωπον, of Aphrodite, Sapph.1.14:— hence ἀθάνατοι, οἱ, the Immortals, Hom., Pi.Pae.6.50, etc.; ἀθάναται ἅλιαι, i.e. the sea goddesses, Od.24.47: Comp. “-ώτερος” Pl.Phd. 99c.
2. of immortal fame, Tyrt.12.322.
II. of things, etc., everlasting, perpetual, “ἀ. κακόν” Od.12.118; “χάρις” Hdt.7.178; ἀρετή, ἀρχά, S.Ph.1420, OT905 (lyr.); κλέος, μνήμη, B.12.65, Lys.2.81; “συκοφάντης” Hyp.Lyc.2; ἀ. ὁ θάνατος 'death that cannot die', Amph.8; of Nisus' purple locks, ἀ. θρίξ on which life depended, A.Ch.619.
III. οἱ ἀ. the immortals, a body of Persian troops in which vacancies were filled up by successors already appointed, Hdt.7.83,211; so ἀ. ἀνήρ one whose successor in case of death is appointed (as we say, the king never dies), ib.31; of a standing army, D.C.52.27.
2. maintained at a constant figure, “πρόβατα” PSI4.377.5 (iii B. C.), PThead.30.6 (iii A. D.); “αἶγες” PStrassb.30.6 (iii A. D.); διὰ τὸ ἀθάνατον (sc. τὸ παιδίον）“ αὐτὴν ἐπιδεδέχθαι τροφεύειν” BGU1106.25 (Aug.).
IV. = λυχνὶς στεφανωματική, Ps.-Dsc.3.100.