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ἕλκω (ἑλκύω late, Tz.H.6.621), Il.24.52, etc., impf.
A.εἷλκονA.Fr.39, etc., Ep.“ἕλκονIl.4.213,al. (never εἵλκυον): fut.“ἕλξωA.Supp.909, etc., rarely ἑλκύσω [υ^] Hp.Fract.2, Philem.174: aor. “εἵλκυ^σαBatr.232, Pi.N.7.103, Trag. and Att., E.Ph.987, Ar.Nu.540, SIG2587.23, al., etc.; “ἥλκυσαIG11(2).287 B61 (Delos, ii B.C.), CIG4993,5006 (Egypt, iii A.D.); later εἷλξα, poet. “ἕλξαAP9.370 (Tib. Ill.), Orph.A.258, Gal.Nat.Fac.1.12: pf. “εἵλκυ^καD.22.59; pf. part. ἑολκώς Epich. 177:—Med., fut. -ύσομαι ἐφ-) Antyll. ap. Orib.6.10.9: aor. εἱλκυσάμην ἀφ-) v.l. in Hp.Art.11, subj. “ἀφελκύσωμαιAr.Ach.1120; rarely “εἱλξάμηνGal.4.534:—Pass., fut. “ἑλκυσθήσομαιA.Th.614 (ξυγκαθ-), Lyc.358, “ἑλχθήσομαιGal.UP7.7: aor. “εἱλκύσθηνHp.Epid.4.14, (ἐξ-) Ar.Ec.688, “ἑλκ-Hdt.1.140, “ἡλκ-IG12(7).115.11 (Amorgos); later “εἵλχθηνPh.2.11, Philostr.VA8.15, D.L.6.91: pf. “εἵλκυσμαιHp.Superf. 16, E.Rh.576,Ph.1.316, (καθ-) Th.6.50, ἕλκυσμαι ἀν-) Hdt.9.98, “ἥλκυσμαιBGU1256.11(ii B.C.): plpf. “εἵλκυστοHp.Epid.4.36.—In Att., ἕλκω, ἕλξω were alone used in pres. and fut., while the other tenses were formed from ἑλκυ-; cf. ἑλκέω (q.v.), ἑλκυστάζω. In Hom., Aristarch. rejected the augm. (Cf. Lat. sulcus, Lith. velkù 'drag'):— draw, drag, with collat.notion of force or exertion, ὣς εἰπὼν ποδὸς ἕλκε began to drag [the dead body] by the foot, Il.13.383; “ἤν περ . . ποδῶν ἕλκωσι θύραζεOd.16.276; “τινὰ τῆς ῥινόςLuc.Herm.73; “Ἕκτορα . . περὶ σῆμ᾽ ἑτάροιο ἕλκειIl.24.52; drag away a prisoner, 22.65 (Pass.); draw ships down to the sea, 2.152, etc.; draw along a felled tree, 17.743; of mules, draw a chariot, 24.324; ἑλκέμεναι νειοῖο . . πηκτὸν ἄροτρον draw the plough through the field, 10.353, cf. 23.518; “. τινὰ ἐπὶ κνάφουHdt.1.92; περιβαλόντας σχοινία . haul at them, Id.5.85.
2. draw after one, “ἐν δ᾽ ἔπεσ᾽ Ὠκεανῷ . . φάος ἠελίοιο, ἕλκον νύκτα μέλαινανIl.8.486; πέδας . trail fetters after one, Hdt.3.129; . χλανίδα let one's cloak trail behind, Ephipp.19(anap.); “θοἰμάτιονArchipp.45.
b. metaph., carp at, Pi.N.7.103.
5. draw a sword, S.Ant.1233, E.Rh.576 (Pass.):—Med., “ἕλκετο δ᾽ ἐκ κολεοῖο . . ξίφοςIl.1.194.
6. . ἱστία hoist sails, Od.2.426:—also in Med.,h.Bacch.32.
7. lift up scales, so as to poise them, “ἕλκε δὲ μέσσα λαβώνIl.8.72, 22.212.
II. after Hom.,
1. pull a barge-pole, Hdt.1.194.
2. tow a ship, Th.2.90, etc.
3. drag into court, “ἕλκω σε κλητεύσονταAr.Nu.1218, cf. 1004 (Pass.); “εἰς ἀγοράνAct.Ap.16.19; drag about, esp. with lewd violence, “ἕλκει καὶ βιάζεταιD.21.150; μηδένα ἕλξειν μηδ᾽ ὑβριεῖν ib. 221; “ἕλκειν γυναῖκαLys.1.12: metaph., ἄνω κάτω τοὺς λόγους . Pl. Tht.195c, cf. Arist.SE167a35; “ἡμέας καιρὸς ἕλκειHerod.2.10; also ἥλκυσμαι λαμπαδάρχης I have been compelled to serve as λ., BGU l.c.
4. draw or suck up, [“ἥλιος] ἕλκει τὸ ὕδωρ ἐπ᾽ ἑωυτόνHdt.2.25; . τὸν ἀέρα draw it in, breathe it, Hp.Aër.19, Ti.Locr.101d (Pass.), cf. Philyll.20: ζωὴν φύσιν Archel. ap. Antig.Mir.89; esp. of persons drinking, drink in long draughts, quaff, “μέθυE.Ion1200; “ἄμυστινId.Cyc.417; τὴν . . τοῦ Πραμνίου [σπονδήν] Ar.Eq.107; οἶνον ἐκ . . λεπαστῆς TeleclId.24 (lyr.); “ἀπνευστίAntiph.74.14, etc.: with acc. of the cup, “δέπας μεστὸν . . ἕλκουσι γνάθοις ἀπαύστοιςId.237, cf. Eub. 56.7, al.; so . μαστόν suck it, E.Ph.987; inhale, “ὀσμήνAntig.Mir. 89; of roots, draw up nourishment, Thphr.HP1.6.10: metaph., χανδὸν καὶ ἀμυστὶ τῶν μαθηυάτων . Eun.VSp.474D.
6. . βίοτον, ζόαν, drag out a weary life, E.Or.207 (lyr.), Ph.1535 (lyr.); προφάσιας . keep making excuses, Hdt.6.86; “πάσας τε προφάσεις . . ἕλκουσιAr.Lys.727; . χρόνους make long, in prosody, Longin.Proll. Heph.p.83C.: hence intr., ἐπὶ τοσοῦτο λέγεται ἑλκύσαι τὴν σύστασιν . . that the conflict dragged on, lasted, Hdt.7.167, cf. PHib.1.83.9 (iii B.C.):—Pass., “τῶν ἐγκλημάτων εἱκλυσμένων πλείονα χρόνονSupp.Epigr.2.281 (Delph., ii B.C.); also of a person, “ἑλκόμενος καὶ μόγιςPl. R.350d.
7. . κόρδακα dance in long, measured steps, Ar.Nu.540; ἓν τουτὶ σχῆμα) Id.Pax328.
8. draw to oneself, attract, of the magnet, E.Fr.567; by spells, “τινὰ ποτὶ δῶμαTheoc.2.17, cf.X.Mem.3.11.18, Plot.4.4.40, etc.; πείθειν καὶ . Pl.R.458d; “ἐχθροὺς ἐφ᾽ ἑαυτόνD.22.59; draw on, “ἐπὶ ἡδονάςPl.Phdr.238a; “εἰς τυραννίδας . τὰς πολιτείαςId.R.568c:—Pass., to be drawn on as by a spell, “ἴυγγι δ᾽ ἕλκομαι ἦτορPi.N.4.35; “πρὸς φιλοσοφίανPl.R.494e.
9. of things weighed, . σταθμὸν τάλαντα δέκα draw down the balance, i.e. weigh ten talents, Hdt.1.50, cf. Eup.116: abs., τὸ δ᾽ ἂν ἑλκύσῃ whatever it weigh, Hdt. 2.65; πλεῖον . Pl.Min.316a.
b. . τὰς ψήφους cast up the account, PPetr.2p.37 (iii B.C.), PHib.1.17.25 (iii B.C.).
11. ἑλκύσαι πλίνθους make bricks, Hdt.1.179, cf. PPetr.3p.137; . λάγανον Chrysipp. Tyan. ap. Ath.14.647e.
12. αἱ θυρίδες ἕλκουσι the win dows draw in air, Thphr.Vent.29.
13. . ἑαυτόν, expressing some kind of athletic exercise, Pl.Prm. 135d.
B. Med., . χαίτας ἐκ κεφαλῆς tear one's hair, Il.10.15; ἀσσοτέρω πυρὸς ἕλκετο δίφρον drew his chair nearer to the fire, Od.19.506, cf. Semon.7.26.
2. draw to oneself, scrape up, amass, τιμάς, ἄφενος ἕλκεσθαι, Thgn.30.
3. ἕλκεσθαι στάθμας περισσᾶς in Pi.P.2.90, means lit., to drag at too great a line, i.e.grasp more than one's due-- but whence the metaphor is taken remains unexplained.
C. Pass., to be drawn or wrenched, νῶτα . . ἑλκόμενα στερεῶς, of wrestlers, Il.23.715; of the nails, to be curved, Hp.Morb.2.48; to close in when the core is removed, of the timber of certain trees, Thphr.HP5.5.2.
2. to be drawn or to flow at a place, of streams, Lyc.702; “πρὸς ἀντολίην . αἶαD.P.1086.
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