previous next
φυ_λή , , (φύω) prop., φῦλον, a race, tribe; but acc. to Dicaearch.Hist.9 a union formed in an organized community (whether πόλις or ἔθνος): hence, tribe, i.e.
I. a body of men united
1. by supposed ties of blood and descent, clan, such as the three Dorian tribes, Rhetra ap.Plu.Lyc.6, Hdt.5.68, St.Byz. s. vv. Ὑλλεῖς, Δυμᾶνες, IG4.596 (Argos); of the four Ionic tribes, Hdt.5.69, Arist.Ath.8.3, Plu.Sol.19, etc.; of the Laconian, Hdt.4.145; of the old Roman, D.H.2.7, etc.; of the Persian, X.Cyr.1.2.5 and 12; of the Jewish, LXXNu.1.4, al. (but also of subdivisions of the tribe (σκῆπτρον), ib. 1 Ki.10.20.21), Ev.Matt.19.28, etc.
2. by local habitation, such as the ten local tribes at Athens formed by Cleisthenes, Hdt.5.69, 6.131, IG12.10.44, al.; or those formed by Servius at Rome, φ. τοπικαί, opp. γενικαί, D.H.4.14, cf. Plu. Rom.20; in Roman Egypt, BGU1113.3 (i B.C.), PFlor.39.4 (iv A. D.), etc., cf. (in general) Arist.Pol.1264a8, 1300a25, 1309a12, Pl. Lg.753c, etc.
3. subdivision of the priests in each Egyptian temple, OGI56.24 (Canopus, iii B. C.), PAmh.2.112.7 (ii A. D.), etc.
II. military contingent furnished by a tribe, among the Athenians, Hdt.6.111, IG12.1085; “ὁπλιτῶνTh.6.98, cf. 3.90, X.HG 4.2.19, Pl.Lg.755c, 755d; “ταξίαρχος εἰς τὴν φυλὴν κατατάξαςLys.13.79.
2. representatives of a tribe, on political bodies, φυλῆς πρυτανευούσης, προεδρευούσης, IG1.26a16, SIG589.2 (Magn.Mae., ii B.C.), etc.
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (23 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (23):
    • Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 8.3
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.69
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.131
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.145
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.68
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.111
    • Lysias, Against Agoratus, 79
    • Old Testament, 1 Samuel, 10.20.21
    • Old Testament, Numbers, 1.4
    • Plato, Laws, 753c
    • Plato, Laws, 755d
    • Plato, Laws, 755c
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 1.2.5
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.2.19
    • Xenophon, Economics, 9.6
    • New Testament, Matthew, 19.28
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.90
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.98
    • Plutarch, Romulus, 20
    • Plutarch, Solon, 19
    • Plutarch, Lycurgus, 6
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 2.7
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 4.14
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: