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κέρα^ς , τό, Ep. gen. Κέρα^ος, Att. contr. κέρως; Ep. dat. κέρα^ϊ (elided) or κέραι or
A.κέρᾳIl.11.385, cf. Hdn.Gr.2.75, κέρᾳ also in Th. 2.90, 7.6: nom. pl. κέρα_ (v. infr.), gen. κεράων, κερῶν, dat. κέρασι, Ep. κεράεσσι:—Att. Inscrr. have dual [“κέρ]ατεIG12.301.109: pl.κέρατα ib.237.59; later Ep. κεράατα (^_^^) Nic.Th.291, κεράατος (^_^^) Arat.174, Q.S.6.225:—Hdt.has gen. “κέρεος6.111, dat. “κέρεϊ9.102: pl. “κέρεα2.38, κερέων ib.132; but Hp. has gen. sg. κέρως, pl. κέρατα, Aër.18. [In nom. and acc. κέρας, α^ always: in the obl. cases α^ in Ep., as “κέρα^σινOd.3.384 (in contr. dat. κέρα?, nom. pl. κέρα_ (cf. Batr.165), a is shortd. before a vowel, Il.11.385, Od.19.211); but α_ in Trag.and Com., “κέρα_τοςHermipp.43, “κέρα_ταE.Ba.921, κεράτων [α_] prob. in S.Tr.519 (lyr.), “κέρα_σιA.Fr.185. In later Ep. the quantity varies.] (κέρας is prob. related to κάρα; cf. κεραός.)
I. the horn of an animal, in Hom. mostly of oxen, Il.17.521, etc.; “ταῦροι . . εἰς κέρας θυμούμενοιE.Ba.743; ὀφθαλμοὶ δ᾽ ὡς εἰ κέρα ἕστασαν his eyes stood fixed and stiff like horns, Od.19.211; as a symbol of strength, LXX Ps.17(18).3, Diogenian.7.89, cf. Arist.PA662a1; of elephants' tusks, Aret.SD2.13, Opp.C.2.494.
2. antennae of crustaceans, Arist.HA526a31, 590b27; of the silkworm's grub, ib.551b10.
II. horn, as a material, “αἱ μὲν γὰρ [πύλαι] κεράεσσι τετεύχαταιOd.19.563; the horn of animals' hoofs, Longus 2.28.
III. anything made of horn,
2. of musical instruments, horn for blowing, “σημῆναι τῷ κέρατιX.An.2.2.4, cf. Arist.Aud.802a17; also, the Phrygian flute, because it was tipped with horn (cf. Poll.4.74), “αὐλεῖν τῷ κ.Luc.DDeor.12.1; “καὶ κέρατι μὲν αὐλεῖν Τυρρηνοὶ νομίζουσιPoll.4.76, cf. Ath.4.184a.
3. drinking-horn, “ἐκ τοῦ κέρατος αὖ μοι δὸς πιεῖνHermipp.43, cf. X.An.7.2.23, OGI214.43 (Didyma, iii B.C.); “ἐξ ἀργυρέων κ. πίνεινPi.Fr.166, cf. IG12.280.77; “ἀργυρηλάτοις κέρασι χρυσᾶ στόμια προσβεβλημένοιςA.Fr.185; “ἐκπιόντι χρύσεον κ.S.Fr. 483; for measuring liquids, Gal.13.435.
IV. βοὸς κ. prob. a horn guard or cover attached to a fishing-line, Il.24.81, cf. Sch.; “ἐς πόντον προΐησι βοὸς κέραςOd.12.253; “ψάμμῳ κ. αἰὲν ἐρείδωνAP6.230 (Maec.), cf. Aristarch. ap. Apollon.Lex.s.v. κέρᾳ ἀγλαέ, Arist. ap. Plu.2.977a (also expld. as a fishing-line of ox-hair (cf. infr.v.l), ap.Plu.2.976f, cf. Poll.2.31; perh. an artificial bait).
2. clyster-pipe, Orib.8.32 7.
3. in pl., horn points with which the writing-reed was tipped, AP6.227 (Crin.).
V. of objects shaped like horns,
1. a mode of dressing the hair, “κέρᾳ ἀγλαέIl.11.385 (unless the meaning be bow), cf. Aristarch. ad loc., Herodorus and Apionap. Eust. ad loc.: hence κέρας is expld. as = θρίξ or κόμη, Apollon.Lex., Hdn.Gr. ap. Eust.l.c., Poll.2.31, Hsch.; cf. iv. l, and v. κεροπλάστης.
2. arm or branch of a river, “Ὠκεανοῖο κ.Hes. Th.789; “ΝείλουPi.Fr.201; “τὸ Μενδήσιον κέραςTh.1.110; “ἐν Ἰνδοῖς ἐν τῷ Κέρατι καλουμένῳArist.Mir.835b5, cf. Mu.393b5; τὸ κ. τὸ Βυζαντίων the 'Golden Horn', Str.7.6.2, cf. Plb.4.43.7, Sch. A.R. 4.282; Ἑσπέρου K., name of a bay, Hanno Peripl.14, cf. Philostr.VS1.21.2.
4. corps of8192 men, = διφαλαγγαρχία, Ascl.Tact.2.6, Arr.Tact.10.7.
b. = μεραρχία, Ascl.Tact.2.10.
c. contingent of thirty-two chariots, ib. 8, Ael.Tact.22.2.
5. sailyard, = κεραία, AP5.203 (Mel.), OGI674.30 (Egypt, i A.D.), Luc.Am.6, POxy.2136.6 (iii A.D.).
6. mountainpeak, v.l. in h.Hom.1.8; spur, “τὸ κ. τοῦ ὄρουςX.An.5.6.7, cf.Lyc. 534: in pl., extremities of the earth, “γῆςPhilostr.VA2.18 (pl.).
7. in Anatomy, extremities of the uterus, Hp.Superf.1, Gal.7.266; of the diaphragm, Sor.1.57.
b. ἁπαλὸν κ., = πόσθη, Archil.171, cf.Neophro (?) in PLit.Lond.77 Fr.2.19, E.Fr.278, AP12.95.6 (Mel.).
8. of the πήχεις of the lyre, “χρυσόδετον κ.S.Fr.244 (lyr.) (rather than the bridge, because made of horn, Ael.Dion.Fr.133, Poll.4.62).
VI. κέρατα ποιεῖν τινι to give him horns, cuckold him, prov. in Artem.2.11; cf. “κερασφόρος11.
VIII. = σταφυλῖνος ἄγριος, Dsc.3.52; = οἰνάνθη, dub. in Ps.-Dsc.3.120.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (53):
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