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θάλα^μος [θα^], , inner room or chamber, surrounded by other buildings: freq. in Hom.,
1. generally, women's apartment, inner part of the house, like μυχός, Il.3.142,174, Od.4.121, etc.: in pl., Il.18.492; ἐκ τῶν ἀνδρεώνων . . ἐς τοὺς θ. Hdt.1.34.
2. a special chamber in this part of the house,
a. bedroom, esp. of the lady of the house, Il.3.423, al., Hdt.1.12, 3.78, Plu.Alc.23; esp. bride-chamber, Il.11.227, Pi.P.2.33 (pl.), S.Tr.913, E.Hipp.540 (lyr., pl.); also, bedroom of an unmarried son, Od.1.425, 19.48.
b. store-room, esp. for valuables, Il.24.191, Od.21.8, X.Oec.9.3, etc.; “ὄλβου διοίγων θάλαμονE.Fr.285.8.
c. generally, chamber, room, Od.23.192, POxy. 1144.2 (i/ii A.D.).
3. house, mansion (not in Hom.), Pi.O.5.13 (pl.), 6.1; βασιλικοὶ θ. E.Ion 486 (lyr.).
II. metaph., παγκοίτας θ., of the grave, S.Ant.804 (anap.); τυμβήρης θ., of the prison of Danae, ib.947 (lyr.); θάλαμοι ὑπὸ γῆς the realms below, A.Pers.624; “γᾶς θάλαμοιE.HF807 (lyr.); “θ. ΠερσεφονείαςId.Supp.1022 (lyr.); θ. Ἀμφιτρίτας, of the sea, S.OT195 (lyr.); “πολυδένδρεσσιν Ὀλύμπου θαλάμοιςE.Ba.561 (lyr., θαλάμαις cj. Barnes); ἀρνῶν θ. folds or pens, Id.Cyc. 57 (lyr.).
III. the lowest, darkest part of the ship, the hold, Timae. 114, Poll.1.87; cf. “θαλάμη11.
IV. used of certain mystic shrines or chapels, sacred to Apis, Ael.NA11.10, cf. Plin.HN8.185; the innermost shrine, Luc.Syr.D.31.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (28):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 624
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 561
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 57
    • Euripides, Heracles, 807
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 540
    • Euripides, Ion, 486
    • Euripides, Suppliants, 1022
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.34
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.12
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.78
    • Homer, Iliad, 11.227
    • Homer, Iliad, 24.191
    • Homer, Iliad, 18.492
    • Homer, Odyssey, 19.48
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.425
    • Homer, Odyssey, 21.8
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.192
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.121
    • Plutarch, Alcibiades, 23
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 804
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 947
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 195
    • Xenophon, Economics, 9.3
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.142
    • Homer, Iliad, 3.423
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 913
    • Lucian, De Syria dea, 31
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 11.10
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