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στάδιον [α^], Argive σπάδιον (q.v.), τό: pl. στάδια and heterocl. στάδιοι; Hdt. uses both,
A.στάδιοι1.26, 2.149,158, al., “στάδια4.101, 5.53, 9.23, al.; so Th. in the same chapter (7.78) has στάδια once and σταδίους twice; “στάδιαE.Ion497 (lyr.), Ar.Av.6, Antiph.100, Pl.Phdr.229c; “στάδιοιAr.Ra.1319, Pl.Criti.113c, 117e, PCair.Zen. 388.6 (iii B.C.), etc.; the sg. masc. is not found:
I. as a standard of length, stade,= 100 ὀργυιαί or 6 πλέθρα (Hdt.2.149), i.e. 600 Greek, 606 3/4 English feet, about 1/8 of a Roman mile, Plb.3.39.8, 34.12.4, cf. Plin.HN2.85, Hero *Deff.131; a longer stade, of which there were 7 1/2 in a Roman mile, is implied by D.C.52.21.
II. race-course, IG22.677.3, etc. (because the most noted, that of Olympia, was exactly a stade long): prop. a single course, opp. δίαυλος, Pi.O.13.37, IG22.2313.23, SIG1067.9 (Rhodes, ii B.C.), etc.; “σταδίου δρόμοςPi.O. 13.30; γυμνὸν ς., opp. ὁπλίτης δρόμος, Id.P.11.49; “ὠκύτερον σταδίουThgn.1306; ἀγωνίζεσθαι ς. run a race, Hdt.5.22; “ἁμιλλᾶσθαιPl.Lg. 833a; “νικᾶνX.HG1.2.1, cf. Pi.N.8.16; “ἀσκεῖνPl.Thg.128e; of the building, IG22.351.16, 677.3, PRyl.93.16 (iii A.D.), etc.; ἐν σταδίοις, i.e. in the amphitheatre, CIG4377 (Sagalassos).
2. any area, e.g. for dancing, E.Ion497 (lyr.); ξύλινον ς., of a board for playing πεσσοί, AP15.18.
3. walk in a garden, IG14.1853 (pl.).
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hide References (27 total)
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (1):
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (26):
    • Aristophanes, Birds, 6
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 1319
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 91
    • Euripides, Ion, 497
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.22
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.26
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.149
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.101
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.53
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.23
    • Plato, Laws, 833a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 229c
    • Plato, Theages, 128e
    • Plato, Critias, 113c
    • Plato, Critias, 117e
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 1.2.1
    • Polybius, Histories, 34.12.4
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.39.8
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 430
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 2.85
    • Thucydides, Histories, 7.78
    • Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, 52.21
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