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prep. governing gen., dat., and acc. Radic. sense, up, upon, opp. to κατά.
A.WITH GEN., ἀνὰ νηός on board ship, Od.
B.WITH DAT., on, upon, ἀνὰ σκήπτρωι upon the sceptre, Il.; ἀνὰ ὤμωι upon the shoulder, Od.
C.WITH ACC., the comm. usage, implying motion upwards:
I.of Place, up to, up along, ἀνὰ τὸν ποταμόν Hdt.; ἀνὰ δῶμα up and down the house, throughout it, Il.; so, ἀνὰ στρατόν, ἄστυ, ὅμιλον Hom.; ἀνὰ στόμα ἔχειν to have continually in the mouth, id=Hom.
II.of Time, throughout, ἀνὰ νύκτα Il.; ἀνὰ τὸν πόλεμον Hdt.; ἀνὰ χρόνον in course of time, id=Hdt.; ἀνὰ πᾶσαν τὴν ἡμέραν id=Hdt.; but, ἀνὰ πᾶσαν ἡμέραν, distributively, day by day, id=Hdt.
III.distributively also with Numerals, ἀνὰ πέντε παρασάγγας τῆς ἡμέρας [they marched] at the rate of 5 parasangs a day, Xen.; κλισίας ἀνὰ πεντήκοντα companies at the rate of 50 in each, NTest.; ἔλαβον ἀνὰ δηνάριον a denarius apiece, id=NTest.
IV.ἀνὰ κράτος up to the full strength, with all might, ἀνὰ κράτος φεύγειν, ἀπομάχεσθαι Xen.; ἀνὰ λόγον in proportion, Plat.
D.WITHOUT CASE as adv. thereupon, Hom., etc.
2.all over, μέλανες δ᾽ ἀνὰ βότρυες ἦσαν all over there were clusters, Il. [E.] IN COMPOS.,
2.with a sense of increase or completeness, as ἀνακρίνω.
4.back, backwards, ἀναχωρέω.
F.ἄνα by anastr. for ἀνάστηθι, up! arise! ἀλλ᾽ ἄνα Hom.
2.ἄν apocop. for ἀνέστη, he stood up, Il.

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