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Perseus.from, away from. c. gen.
prep. c. gen. = Lat. ab, from.
1.of Motion, from, away from, Hom., etc.; of warriors fighting from chariots, Hom.
2.of Position, away from, far from, apart from, ἀπὸ ἧς ἀλόχοιο Il.; ἀπ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν far from sight, id=Il.; ἀπὸ θαλάσσης Thuc., etc.
3.of the mind, ἀπὸ θυμοῦ away from, i. e. alien from, my heart, Il.; οὐκ ἀπὸ τρόπου not without reason, Plat.; οὐκ ἀπὸ πράγματος Dem. partitive sense, αἶσ᾽ ἀπὸ ληΐδος a part from the booty, a share of it, Od.
II.OF TIME, from, after, ἀπὸ δείπνου after supper, Il.; ἀπὸ δείπνου γενέσθαι to have done supper, Hdt., etc.; ἀφ᾽ οὗ (sc. χρόνου), Lat. ex quo, id=Hdt., etc.
1.of that from which one is born, οὐκ ἀπὸ δρυὸς οὐδ᾽ ἀπὸ πέτρης not sprung from oak or rock, Od.; τρίτος ἀπὸ Διός third in descent from Zeus, Plat.; οἱ ἀπὸ Σπάρτης the men from Sparta, Hdt.:—metaph. of things, κάλλος ἀπὸ Χαρίτων beauty born of the Graces, such as they give, Od.; γάλα ἀπὸ βοός Aesch.: —of connexion with the leader of a sect, οἱ ἀπὸ Πλάτωνος, Plato's disciples; οἱ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἀκαδημίας, ἀπὸ τῆς Στοᾶς, the Academics, the Stoics, Plut., etc.
2.of the Material from or of which a thing is made, ἀπὸ ξύλου Hdt.; ἀπὸ μέλιτος Theocr.
3.of the Instrument from or by which a thing is done, ἀπ᾽ ἀργυρέοιο βιοῖο by [arrow shot from] silver bow, Il.
4.of the Person from whom an act comes, i. e. by whom it is done, οὐδὲν μέγα ἔργον ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο Hdt.; ἐπράχθη ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ οὐδέν Thuc.;—so that ἀπό came to be used like ὑπό, but implying a less direct agency.
5.of the Source from which life or power is sustained, ζῆν ἀπὸ ἰχθύων Hdt.; τρέφειν τὸ ναυτικὸν ἀπὸ τῶν νήσων Xen.
6.of the Cause, Means, or Occasion from, by, or because of which a thing is done, ἀπὸ δικαιοσύνης by reason of justice, Hdt.; ἀπὸ τῶν αὐτῶν λημμάτων moved by, for the same profits, Dem.:—hence in many adverbial usages, ἀπὸ σπουδῆς in earnest, eagerly, Il.; ἀπὸ τοῦ ἴσου, ἀπὸ τῆς ἴσης, or ἀπ᾽ ἴσης, equally, Thuc., etc.; ἀπὸ γλώσσης by word of mouth, Hdt.; ἀφ᾽ ἑαυτοῦ from or of oneself, Thuc.
B.AS ADVERB, far away, Hom., Hdt.
1.from, asunder, as in ἀποτέμνω: away, off, as in ἀποβαίνω.
2.finishing off, completing, as in ἀπεργάζομαι.
3.ceasing from, leaving off, as in ἀπαλγέω, ἀπολοφύρομαι.
4.back again, as in ἀποδίδωμι, ἀπολαμβάνω: also, in full, or what is one's own, as ἀπέχω. way of abuse, as in ἀποκαλέω.
6.almost = a_priv; sometimes with Verbs, as ἀπαυδάω, ἀπαγορεύω; with Adjectives, as ἀποχρήματος, ἀπόσιτος.
D.ἄπο, by anastrophe for ἀπό, when it follows its Noun, as ὀμμάτων ἄπο Soph.

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