I.a beginning, origin, first cause
, etc.:—with Preps. ἐξ ἀρχῆς ῀ ἀρχῆθεν
, from the beginning, from of old
, attic; ἐξ ἀρχῆς πάλιν anew, afresh
:—so, ἀπ᾽ ἀρχῆς Hdt.
:— κατ᾽ ἀρχάς in the beginning, at first
:—absol. in acc. ἀρχήν
, to begin with, first
; ἀρχὴν οὐ absolutely
not, not at all
, Lat. omnino non
, attic; with numerals, ἀρχὴν ἑπτά in all
2.the end, corner, of a bandage, rope, sheet, id=Hdt., Eur., NTest.
II.the first place
or power, sovereignty, dominion, command
, attic; c. gen. rei, ἀρχὴ τῶν νεῶν, τῆς θαλάσσης Thuc.
2.a sovereignty, empire, realm, Hdt., Thuc.
in Prose, a magistracy, office
, attic:—also a term of office
, τὴν ἐνιαυσίαν ἀρχήν Thuc.
:—these offices were commonly obtained in two ways, χειροτονητή
by election, κληρωτή
by lot, Aeschin.
in pl., αἱ ἀρχαί
(as we say) "the authorities, "
i. e. the magistrates