previous next

ἐν 1prep23prep4 5prep6 7prep8, among. c. dat.
Lat. in.
I.OF PLACE, ἐν νήσῳ, ἐν Τροίῃ, etc., Hom., etc.:—elliptic, ἐν Ἀλκινόοιο (sc. οἴκῳ) Od.; εἰν Ἀΐδαο Il.; ἐν παιδοτρίβου at the school of the training master, Ar., upon, ἐν οὔρεσι Hom., etc. the number of, amongst, ἐν Δαναοῖς, etc., Hom.; and with Verbs of ruling, ἄρχειν, ἀνάσσειν ἐν πολλοῖς to be first or lord among many, i. e. over them, id=Hom.; cf. , τό B. III. 3. one's hands, within one's reach or power, Lat. penes, Hom., etc.; ἐν σοὶ γάρ ἐσμεν Soph.; ἐν τῷ θεῷ τὸ τέλος ἦν Dem. respect of, ἐν γήρᾳ in point of age, Soph.
6.when ἐν is used with Verbs of motion, where we use the prep. into, the construction is called pregnant, πίπτειν ἐν κονίῃσι to fall [to the dust and lie] in it; οἶνον ἔχευεν ἐν δέπαϊ Od., etc.
1.of outward circumstances, ἐν πολέμῳ, etc., Hom.; ἐν λόγοις εἶναι to be engaged in oratory, Plat.; οἱ ἐν τοῖς πράγμασι ministers of state, Thuc.; οἱ ἐν τέλει the magistrates, id=Thuc.
2.of inward states, of feeling, etc., ἐν φιλότητι Il.; ἐν φόβῳ εἶναι to be in fear, ἐν αἰσχύνῃ, etc.; also, ἐν ὀργῇ ἔχειν τινά to make him the object of one's anger, Thuc.; ἐν αἰτίᾳ ἔχειν τινά to blame him, Hdt.
III.OF THE INSTRUMENT, MEANS or MANNER, in or with, ἐν πυρὶ πρῆσαι Il.; ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς or ἐν ὄμμασιν ὁρᾶν have the object in one's eye, Lat. in oculis, Hom.; ἐν λιταῖς by prayers, ἐν δόλῳ by deceit, Aesch., etc.
IV.OF TIME, in, in the course of, ὥρῃ ἐν εἰαρινῇ Il.; ἐν ἡμέρᾳ, ἐν νυκτί Hdt., attic; ἐν (sc. χρόνῳ), while, Hdt.:— ἐν ταῖς σπονδαῖς in the time of the truce, Xen.
B.WITHOUT CASE, AS ADVERB, in the phrase ἐν δέ . . :
1.and therein, Hom.
2.and among them, Il.
3.and besides, moreover, Hom., Soph.
1.with Verbs, the prep. retains its sense of being in or at a place, etc., c. dat., or foll. by εἰς or ἐν.
2.with Adjs., it qualifies, as in ἔμπικρος, rather better; or expresses the possession of a quality, as in ἔναιμος, with blood in it, ἔμφωνος with a voice.
II.ἐν becomes ἐμ- before the labials β μ π φ ψ; ἐγ- before the gutturals γ κ ξ χ; ἐλ- before λ; and in a few words ἐρ- before ρ.

1 e)n


3 e)ni/


5 ei)n


7 ei)ni/


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: