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μάχομαι Dep. fight, Hom., etc.; c. dat. pers. to fight with, i. e. against, one, id=Hom., etc.; μ. ἀντία and ἐναντίον τινός Il.; ἐπί τινι, πρός τινα id=Il.; but, μ. σύν τινι with the sanction, under the auspices of a deity, Od., Xen.; κατὰ σφέας μαχέονται will fight by themselves, Il.; καθ᾽ ἕνα μ. to fight one against one, in single combat, Hdt.:— τὸ μήπω μεμαχημένον the force that had not yet come into action, Thuc.
II.generally, to quarrel, wrangle, dispute with one, to oppose, gainsay, τινι Il., Plat. contend for the mastery in games, πὺξ μάχεσθαι Il.; παγκράτιον μ. Ar.

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