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πατήρ acc. always πατέρα gen. pl. rarely πατρῶν

I.a father, Hom., etc.; πατρὸς πατήρ a grandfather, Il.; τὰ πρὸς πατρός πατρόθεν, by the father's side, Hdt.
II.among the gods Zeus is called πατήρ, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε Hom., Hes.; so Ζεὺς π. Aesch.; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Ar.
III.a respectful mode of addressing elderly persons, Od.
IV.metaph. the father of anything, Lat. auctor, π. ἀοιδᾶν Pind., etc. pl. fathers, i.e. forefathers, Hom.; ἐξ ἔτι πατρῶν as an inheritance from one's fathers, Od.

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