States, is safe in the capital of the nation.
By the admirable arrangement of General Scott
the country has been spared the lasting disgrace, which would have been fastened indelibly upon it, had Mr. Lincoln
been murdered upon his journey thither, as he would have been, had he followed the programme as announced in papers, and gone by the Northern Central railroad to Baltimore
On Thursday night after he had retired, Mr. Lincoln
was aroused and informed that a stranger desired to see him on a matter of life or death.
He declined to admit him unless he gave his name, which he at once did. Such prestige did the name carry that while Mr. Lincoln
was yet disrobed, he granted an interview to the caller.
A prolonged conversation elicited the fact, that an organized body of men had determined that Mr. Lincoln
should not be inaugurated, and that he should never leave the city of Baltimore
alive, if, indeed, he ever entered it.
The list of the names of the conspirators presented a most astonishing array of persons high in Southern confidence, and some whose fame is not confined to this country alone.
Statesmen laid the plan, bankers indorsed it, and adventurers were to carry it into effect.
They understood Mr. Lincoln
was to leave Harrisburg
at 9 o'clock this morning by special train, and the idea was, if possible, to throw the cars from the road at some point where they would rush down a steep embankment and destroy in a moment the lives of all on board.
In case of the failure of this project their plan was to surround the carriage on the way from depot to depot in Baltimore
, and assassinate him with dagger or pistol shot.
So authentic was the source from which the information was obtained, that Mr. Lincoln
, after counselling his friends, was compelled to make arrangements which would enable him to subvert the plans of his enemies.
Greatly to the annoyance of the thousands who desired to call on him last night, he declined giving a reception.
The final council was held at 8 o'clock.
did not want to yield, and Col. Sumner
actually cried with indignation; but Mrs. Lincoln
, seconded by Mr. Judd
and Mr. Lincoln
's original informant, insisted upon it, and at 9 o'clock Mr. Lincoln
left on a special train.
He wore a Scotch plaid cap and a very long military cloak, so that he was entirely unrecognizable.
Accompanied by Superintendent Lewis
and one friend, he started, while all the town, with the exception of Mrs. Lincoln, Col. Sumner
, Mr. Judd
, and two reporters, who were sworn to secrecy, supposed him to be asleep.
The telegraph wires were put beyond reach of any one who might desire to use them.
At one o'clock the fact was whispered from one to another, and it soon became the theme of the most excited conversation.
Many thought it a very injudicious move, while others regarded it as a stroke of great merit.
The prevailing feeling excited by Mr. Lincoln
's quiet passage through Baltimore
, was one of relief and of gratification, though expressions of disappointed curiosity were frequently heard.
The injudicious determination of certain political friends of the President-elect
in this city to mark his arrival with a public demonstration, had excited a spirit of stern opposition, which it was feared would manifest itself in acts which, though designed directly to rebuke the ill-advised zeal of the parties referred to, might yet have been misconstrued into a personal affront to the President-elect
, and so have reflected discreditably upon the good repute of Baltimore
The action, therefore, of Mr. Lincoln
, in disappointing alike the purposes of his political friends and the public curiosity, was a simple and practical avoidance of what might have been an occasion of disorder and of mortification to all interested in the preservation of the good name of our city.
Ample precautions were adopted to guard against any violation of the public peace.
A large police force was detailed for duty at the depot, and to protect the President
and his suite on their passage through the streets, against the turbulent pressure of the crowds which he experienced in other cities on his route hither; and these measures of Marshal Kane
, even if they had failed to restrain any expression of disapprobation, would certainly have secured Mr. Lincoln
from insult, had such been intended.
On the arrival of the cars and the appearance on the platform of the Baltimore Republican committee, they were received with groans and hootings.
A rush was made at William E. Beale
and Francis S. Corkran
, but they were protected by the police, and neither of them were injured further than knocking their hats over their eyes.
The following was the committee: William G. Snethen
, chairman; Judge William L. Marshall
, L. Blumenberg
, of Gaystreet; William E. Beale
. Hon. Judge Palmer
, of Frederick
, was with the party.
and her three sons proceeded to the residence of Col. John S. Gittings
, president of the Northern Central railway, at Mount Vernon Square, leaving accepted an invitation tendered to them on their way to this city, so as to relieve them from the crowd and excitement.
They left the cars, we learn, at the junction of Charles-street, where Mr. Gittings
's carriage was in waiting for them, and were in a few minutes enjoying the quiet of his spacious mansion, while crowds were gaping for a sight of them at the depot.
One fellow in the crowd at Calvert station, who was known as a violent Republican, had his hat knocked off a dozen time by the rowdies.--Baltimore American
At 15 minutes to one o'clock a mighty heaving and surging in the multitude at the north entrance of the depot, proclaimed some fresh excitement, and in a few moments the York
accommodation train entered the depot, followed by an excited crowd, which mistook it for the special train of the President-elect
As soon as the train stopped, the crowd leaped upon the platforms, and mounted to the tops of the cars like so many monkeys, until like a hive of bees they swarmed upon them-shouting, hallooing, and making all manner of noises.
The officers in charge of the train appeared, and the crowd, discovering their error, recoiled, a little chop-fallen, but prepared for another excitement.
After it became apparent to the multitude that the President-elect
had indeed escaped their attentions, they turned about to bestow them upon such of his humbler constituents as they recognized in their midst.
These attentions were exhibited in