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ἀποκρίνω [ι_], fut. -κρι^νῶ,
A.set apart, prob. in Alc.Supp. 5.7, Pherecr.23, Ael.VH12.8; “χωρὶς .Pl.Plt.302c, al.:—Pass., to be parted or separated, ἀποκρινθέντε parted from the throng (of two πρόμαχοι), Il.5.12 (nowhere else in Hom.); “πίθηκος ᾔει θηρίων ἀποκριθείςArchil.89.3; of the elements in cosmogony, Emp.9.4, Anaxag. 2, Democr.167; “ἀπεκρίθη . . τοῦ βαρβάρου ἔθνεος τὸ ἙλληνικόνHdt.1.60; “χωρίς θηρίων δίαιτα ἀποκέκριταιId.2.36; ἀποκεκρίσθαι εἰς ἓν ὄνομα to be separated and brought under one name, Th.1.3; οὐ βεβαίως ἀπεκρίθησαν, of combatants, separated without decisive result, Id.4.72.
2. Medic. in Pass., to be distinctly formed, Hp.Prog.23; of the embryo, Arist.HA561a17; τὰ ἐν τῷ σώματι -όμενα bodily secretions, Hp.VM14; “τὰ ἐς τὴν κοιλίην .Id.Vict.4.89; but ἐς τοῦτο πάντα ἀπεκρίθη all illnesses determined or ended in this alone, Th.2.49; also “ τὰ περιττώματα ἀποκρίνεταιare voided, Arist.PA665b24, cf. GA773b35.
3. mark by a distinctive form, distinguish,πρύμνηνHdt.1.194; “νόσημά τι ἀποκεκριμένονspecific, Pl.R.407d, cf. Arist. Mete.369b29.
II. choose,ἕνα ὑμῶν . ἐξαίρετονHdt.6.130; . τοῦ πεζοῦ, τοῦ στρατοῦ, choose from . ., Hdt.3.17,25; δυοῖν ἀποκρίνας κακοῖν having set apart, i.e. decreed, one of two, S.OT640.
III. reject on examination, κρίνειν καὶ . ib.751d; ἐγκρίνειν καὶ . ib.936a; . τινὰ τῆς νίκης decide that one has lost the victory, decide it against one, Arist.Pol.1315b18:—Med., Pl.Lg.966d.
IV. Med., ἀποκρίνομαι, fut. -κρι^νοῦμαι, etc.: Pl. uses pf. and plpf. Pass. in med. sense, Prt.358a, Grg.463c, etc., but also in pass. sense (v. infr.):—give answer to, reply to question, dub.1. in Hdt.5.49, 8.101 (elsewh. ὑποκρ-), cf. E.Ba.1271, IA1354; “. τινίAr.Nu.1245, etc.: metaph., “. τοῖς πράγμασιν ὡς ἐπὶ τῶν ἐρωτημάτωνArr.Epict.2.16.2; . πρός τινα, πρὸς τὸ ἐρωτώμενον, to a questioner or question, Th.5.42, Pl.Prt.338d; “. εἰ . .Ar. V.964; “. ὅτι . .Th.1.90: c. acc., ἀποκρίνεσθαι τὸ ἐρωτηθέν to answer the question, Id.3.61, cf. Pl.Cri.49a, Hp.Ma.287b, Arist.Metaph. 1007a9: c. acc. cogn., “. οὐδὲ γρῦAr.Pl.17; “οὐδὲν ξυμβατικόνTh.8.71; “. ἀπόκρισινPl.Lg.658c:—Pass., τοῦτό μοι ἀποκεκρίσθω let this be my answer, Id.Tht.187b; καλῶς ἄν σοι ἀπεκέκριτο your answer would have been sufficient, Id.Grg.453d, cf.Men.75c,Euthd.299d.
2. answer charges, defend oneself, Ar.Ach.632; “ ἀποκρινόμενοςthe defendant, Antipho 6.18, cf. 2.4.3; ἀπεκρινάμην freq. in legal documents, PHib.1.31.24 (iii B. C.), etc.
3. aor. Pass. ἀπεκρίθη, = ἀπεκρίνατο, he answered, condemned by Phryn.86, is unknown in earlier Att., exc. in Pherecr.51, Pl.Alc.2.149b; but occurs in Machoap.Ath.8.349d, UPZ6.30 (ii B. C.), SIG674.61 (Narthacium, ii B. C.), IG4.679 (Hermione, ii B. C.), Plb.4.30.7, etc.; once in J., AJ9.3.1, twice in Luc., Sol.5, Demon.26; regular in LXX (but sts. ἀπεκρινάμην in solemn language, as 3 Ki.2.1) and prevails in NT esp. in the phrase “ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπενEv.Matt.3.15; “. λέγειEv.Marc.8.20, al., cf. X.An. 2.1.22 codd.: fut. ἀποκριθήσομαι in same sense, LXXIs.14.32, al., Ev.Matt.25.45, Hermog.Inv.4.6.
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (53):
    • Antiphon, On the Choreutes, 18
    • Antiphon, First Tetralogy, 4.3
    • Aristophanes, Plutus, 17
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 964
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 1271
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 1354
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.194
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.60
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.36
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.17
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.49
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.130
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.101
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.12
    • Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, 9.3.1
    • New Testament, Mark, 8.20
    • New Testament, Matthew, 25.45
    • New Testament, Matthew, 3.15
    • Old Testament, Isaiah, 14.32
    • Plato, Laws, 658c
    • Plato, Laws, 751d
    • Plato, Laws, 936a
    • Plato, Laws, 946a
    • Plato, Laws, 966d
    • Plato, Republic, 407d
    • Plato, Crito, 49a
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 187b
    • Plato, Statesman, 302c
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 299d
    • Plato, Gorgias, 453d
    • Plato, Gorgias, 463c
    • Plato, Protagoras, 338d
    • Plato, Protagoras, 358a
    • Plato, Meno, 75c
    • Plato, Greater Hippias, 287b
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 640
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.90
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.61
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.72
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.42
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.71
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 2.1.22
    • Polybius, Histories, 4.30.7
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 632
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1245
    • Hippocrates, De prisca medicina, 14
    • Hippocrates, Prognosticon, 23
    • Old Testament, 1 Kings, 2.1
    • Lucian, Demonax, 26
    • Lucian, Soleocista, 5
    • Aelian, Varia Historia, 12.8
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