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ἀθρόος , α, ον, (ος, ον D.19.228, Arist.PA675b21, etc.), ἁθρόος in Hom. acc. to Aristarch. ap. Sch.Ven.ll.14.38 and Att.(also some times ἅθρους , ουν, as Ar.Fr.633, Hyp.Eux.33, D.27.35),
A.ἁθρόα^ςh.Merc.106; dat. pl. “ἁθροῖσινEpigr.Gr.1034 26 (Callipolis):—but in later writers the spir. lenis prevailed: (“ἀ-11, θρόος):—in crowds, heaps, or masses, crowded together, Hom. only in pl., as Il.2.439, al.; “ἁθρόοι . . ἅπαντεςOd.3.34, etc.: sg. first in Pi.P.2.35; ἀθρόοι, of soldiers, in close order, Hdt.6.112, X.An.1.10.13, etc.; opp. ἀσύντακτοι, Id.Cyr.8.1.46; in column, ib.5.3.36; πολλαὶ κῶμαι . close together, Id.An.7.3.9.
II. together, in a body, ἁθρόα πάντ᾽ ἀπέτεισε he paid for all at once, Od.1.43; . πόλις the citizens as a whole, opp. καθ᾽ ἕκαστον, Th.2.60, cf. 1.141; “. δύναμιςId.2.39; . ἦν αὐτῷ τὸ στράτευμα was assembled, X.Cyr.3.3.22; τὸ . their assembled force, ib.4.2.20, cf. An.5.2.1; ἁθρόῳ στόματι with one voice, E.Ba.725; . δάκρυ one flood of tears, Id.HF489; . λόγος a flood of words, Pl.R. 344d; ἁθρόους κρίνειν to condemn all by a single vote, Id.Ap.32b; “πολλοὺς . ὑμῶνD.21.131; ἄθρους ὤφθη was seen with all his forces, Plu. Them.12, cf. Id.Sull.12; . λεγόμενον used in a collective sense, opp. κατὰ μέρος, Pl.Tht.182a; ἀθρόας γινομένης μεταβολῆς taking place all at once, Arist.Ph.186a15; opp. ἐκ προσαγωγῆς, Id.Pol.1308b16; κατήριπεν . he fell all at once, Theoc. 13.50, cf. 25.252; ἀθρόαι πέντε νύκτες five whole nights, PiP.4.130; “κατάστασις ἀθρόα καὶ αἰσθητήArist. Rh.1369b34; κάθαρσις ., opp. κατ᾽ ὀλίγον, Id.HA582b7; καταπιεῖν ἅθρους τεμαχίτας at a gulp, Eub.9, cf. Plu.2.650c, etc.; ἀθρόον ἐκκαγχάζειν burst out laughing, Arist.EN1150b11, cf. Hp.Ep.17.
2. continuous, “κίνησιςPlot.3.7.8, cf. ib.1 (Comp.).
3. sudden, ἔφοδος Malch.p.412 D.; τῷ . μὴ καταπλαγῆναι Men.Prot.p.68 D.:— this sense may perh. be found in Plu. Them. l.c., Sull.l.c.
4. ἀθρόον, τό, = ἄθροισμα 11, Epicur.Ep.1p.16U., Fr.314, Zeno Sidon. ap. Phld.Herc.1005.7.
III. complete, overwhelming, “. κακότηςPi.P. 2.35; continuous, incessant, “πνεῦμαArist.Mete.367a30; concentrated, of noise, D.H. Comp.22, etc.
IV. Adv. ἀθρόον all at once; “ἄθρουνin one payment, PPetr.2p.27, cf. D. 27.35; generally, “εἰρῆσθαιAret. SA1.6:—regul. Adv. “ἀθρόωςX.Smp.2.25, Arist.HA533b10, etc.; . λέγειν to speak collectively or generally, Aristid.Rh.2.547S.
2. suddenly, “ἀετὸς . φανείςHsch.Mil.4.11, cf.19(perh.also in Arist.HA l.c.).
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hide References (32 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (32):
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 228
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 131
    • Demosthenes, Against Aphobus 1, 35
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 725
    • Euripides, Heracles, 489
    • Herodotus, Histories, 6.112
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.439
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.43
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.34
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 4 to Hermes, 106
    • Hyperides, Against Athenogenes, 33
    • Plato, Republic, 344d
    • Plato, Apology, 32b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 182a
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.10.13
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 5.2.1
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.3.9
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 4.2.20
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 5.3.36
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.3.22
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.1.46
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 2.25
    • Plutarch, Caesar, 20
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.141
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.34
    • Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 1), 1.6
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.39
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.60
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 12
    • Plutarch, Themistocles, 11
    • Plutarch, Themistocles, 12
    • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Compositione Verborum, 22
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