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φι^λί-α , Ion. -ιη, , (φιλέω)
A.affectionate regard, friendship (not in A. or S.), usu. betw. equals, “ἄνδρεσσι κακοῖς συνθέμενοι φ.Thgn.306, IG12.1037; “ἐπαγγέλλεσθαι φ.Hdt.7.130; “εἰς ἀλλήλους φιλίας ἀνακίρνασθαιE.Hipp.254 (anap.), cf. Democr.109, al., Hippias 17, Antipho Soph.64 (pl.), And.3.29, Pl.Smp.179c, etc.; φιλίας, inscr. on a bowl (perh. loving-cup), BSA32.194 (Haliartus, Hellenistic), etc.; τῆς ψυχῆς φ. διὰ τὸ ἁγνὴ εἶναι, opp. ἔρως, X.Smp.8.15, cf. Pl.Phdr.255e; opp. ἔχθρα, Isoc.1.33, Plot.3.2.2; “ φ. τοῦ κόσμου ἔχθρα τοῦ θεοῦ ἐστινEp.Jac.4.4; opp. μῖσος, Isoc.15.122; “φ. θεῶν καὶ ἀνθρώπωνPl.Smp.188d; of family affection, X.Hier.3.7 (pl.); ἐν ταῖς φ. in the family circle, Arist.Po.1453b19; of the regard of dependents towards their superiors, X.An.1.6.3; “φ. πρὸς τὸν δῆμονIsoc.16.28; of friendship between States, “ἐχρημάτισε περὶ φιλίας τοῖς ἈθηναίοιςTh.5.5; “φ. καὶ ξυμμαχίαId.6.34; τῆς φ. ἀφέσθαι, τὴν φ. διαλύσασθαι, of communities, Isoc.6.11, 14.33: various εἴδη distd. by Arist.EN1156a7 ff.; by the Stoics, Stoic.3.24, 27, 181: phrases, “φ. πρός τινας ποιήσασθαιX.Mem.2.6.29; “παρά τινων φ. λαβεῖνId.Cyr.3.1.28; “τισὶ διὰ φιλίας ἰέναιId.An.3.2.8; εἰς φ. ἰτέον, ἔρχεται, Pl.Phdr.237c, Ly.214d; “ἔστιν ἡμῖν ἐν φ.PMich.Zen.33.3 (iii B. C.); “ἀνανεούμενος τὴν φ. καὶ ζενίαν τὴν πρότερον ὑπάρχουσανIsoc.Ep.7.13; “προλιπόνθ᾽ ἡμετέρην φ.Thgn.1102; “ἔλιπε φ.E.Alc.930 (lyr.); “τῆς φ. ἐξίστασθαί τινιLys.8.18: with Preps., “διὰ φιλίαςPl.Plt.304e; “μετὰ φιλίαςX. Mem.1.2.10; διὰ φιλίαν, v. infr.; “κατὰ φιλίανPl.Lg.823b:—the person is commonly expressed by πρός τινα, Isoc.5.32; “πρὸς ἀλλήλουςId.9.57, etc.; less freq. “εἰς ἀλλήλουςE.Hipp. (v. supr.); also by object. gen., διὰ φιλίαν αὐτοῦ through friendship for him, Th.1.91; φ. ξυνετοῦ friendship with a wise man, Democr.98; so ἡμετέρη φ. friendship with us, Thgn.600, 1102 (v. supr.), Isoc.6.11 (v. supr.); “φιλία σήX.An.7.7.29, E Or.138, etc.: pl., “φ. ἰσχυραίHdt.3.82, Pl. Smp.182c.
2. friendliness, amiability,φ. ἄνευ τοῦ στέργεινArist. EN1126b22, cf. 1108a28.
3. later, of lovers, fondness, LXXPr.5.19, Lyr.Alex.Adesp.1.8, AP5.266 (Agath.).
4. c. gen., of things, fondness, liking for,κέρδουςPl.R.581a; [τῶν ἀρχῶν] Arist.Cael.306a12.
5. the natural force which unites discordant elements and movements, opp. νεῖκος, Emp.18, al., Isoc.15.268.
II. Pythag. name for three, Theol.Ar.16 (not for six, Iamb. In Nic. p.34 P.).
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  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (38):
    • Andocides, On the Peace, 29
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1453b.19
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 930
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 254
    • Herodotus, Histories, 3.82
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.130
    • Isocrates, Plataicus, 33
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 122
    • Isocrates, On the team of horses, 28
    • Isocrates, To Philip, 32
    • Isocrates, Archidamus, 11
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 268
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 33
    • Isocrates, Evagoras, 57
    • Lysias, Accusation of Calumny, 18
    • New Testament, James, 4.4
    • Old Testament, Proverbs, 5.19
    • Plato, Laws, 823b
    • Plato, Republic, 581a
    • Plato, Statesman, 304e
    • Plato, Symposium, 188d
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 237c
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 255e
    • Plato, Symposium, 179c
    • Plato, Symposium, 182c
    • Plato, Lysis, 214d
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.5
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.34
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 7.7.29
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 1.6.3
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.2.8
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 3.1.28
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 2.6.29
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 1.2.10
    • Xenophon, Hiero, 3.7
    • Xenophon, Symposium, 8.15
    • Isocrates, Ad Timotheum, 13
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.91
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