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φι^λόσοφος , ,
A.lover of wisdom; Pythagoras called himself φιλόσοφος, not σοφός, Cic Tusc.5.3.9, D.L.Prooem.12; “τὸν φ. σοφίας φήσομεν ἐπιθυμητὴν εἶναι πάσηςPl.R.475b, cf. Isoc.15.271; “ ὡς ἀληθῶς φ.Pl.Phd.64e sq.; φ. φύσει, τὴν φύσιν, Id.R.376c; φ. τῇ ψυχῇ, opp. φιλόπονος τῷ σώματι, Isoc.1.40: used of all men of education and learning, joined with φιλομαθής and φιλόλογος, Pl.R.376c, 582e; opp. σοφιστής, X.Cyn.13.6,9; later, academician, of the members of the Museum at Alexandria, OGI712 (ii A. D.), etc.
2. philosopher, i. e. one who speculates on truth and reality, οἱ ἀληθινοὶ φ., defined as οἱ τῆς ἀληθείας φιλοθεάμονες, Pl.R.475e; φιλόσοφος, of Aristotle, Plu.2.115b; σκηνικὸς φ., of Euripides, Ath.13.561a; as the butt of Com., Philem.71.1, Bato 5.11, Anaxipp.4, Phoenicid.4.16.
II. as Adj., loving knowledge, philosophic,ἄνδρεςHeraclit.35; “ἀνήρPl.Phd. 64d; “τὸ φ. γένοςId.R.501e; φ. φύσις ib.494a; ψυχή ib.486b; διάνοια ib.527b; “πειθώPhld.Rh.1.269 S.; σύνεσις ib.p.211S. (Comp.); “οἱ φιλοσοφώτατοιPl.R.498a, cf. IG5(1).598 (Sparta).
2. of arguments, sciences, etc., scientific, philosophic,λόγοιPl.Phdr.257b; λόγοι -ώτεροι, of instructive speeches, Isoc.12.271; “-ώτερον ποίησις ἱστορίαςArist.Po.1451b5; τὸ φ., opp. τὸ θυμοειδές, as an element of the soul, Pl.R.411e, but = φιλοσοφία, Plu.2.355b.
3. ingenious, Ar.Ec.571 (hex.).
III. Adv. “-φως, διακεῖσθαι πρός τιIsoc. 15.277; “φ. ἔχειν περί τινοςPl.Phd.91a, cf. Cic.Att.13.20.4, etc.; opp. ῥητορικῶς, Phld. Rh.2.134S.; Comp. “-ωτέρωςArist.Sens.436a20; “-ώτερονCic.Att.7.8.3. [Ar. l. c. has the penult. long, nowhere else found in poetry.]
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hide References (24 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (24):
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 13.20.4
    • Cicero, Letters to Atticus, 7.8.3
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 571
    • Aristotle, Poetics, 1451b.5
    • Isocrates, Panathenaicus, 271
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 277
    • Isocrates, To Demonicus, 40
    • Isocrates, Antidosis, 271
    • Plato, Republic, 498a
    • Plato, Republic, 527b
    • Plato, Republic, 582e
    • Plato, Republic, 376c
    • Plato, Republic, 411e
    • Plato, Republic, 475b
    • Plato, Republic, 475e
    • Plato, Republic, 486b
    • Plato, Republic, 494a
    • Plato, Republic, 501e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 64d
    • Plato, Phaedo, 64e
    • Plato, Phaedo, 91a
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 257b
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 13.6
    • Xenophon, On Hunting, 9
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