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φοῖνιξ , ι_κος, , ,
2. fem., “γυνή ΦοίνισσαOd.15.417; Φοίνισσαι, name of plays by Euripides, Phrynichus, etc.; also “Φ. ἐμπολάPi.P.2.67; χθών, νᾶσος, etc., E.Ph.6,204 (lyr.), etc.; Φ. βοά ib.301 (lyr.); “κώπηId.Hel.1272; “Φ. ἄμπεχοςPCair.Zen.33.14 (iii B. C.).
II. Carthaginian,ἀλαλατόςPi.P.1.72; also fem., “Φοίνισσαι νῆεςTh.1.116, D.S.13.80.
B. φοῖνιξ , ι_κος, , purple or crimson, because the discovery and earliest use of this colour was ascribed to the Phoenicians, Il. 4.141, 6.219, Od.23.201, etc.:—hence,
2. as Adj. (fem. “φοίνισσαPi. (v. infr.); φοῖνιξ as fem., E.Tr.815), blood-bay, of a horse, Il. 23.454; of red cattle, “φοίνισσα ἀγέλαPi.P.4.205, cf. Theoc.25.128: of the colour of fire, “φοίνισσα φλόξPi.P.1.24; πυρὸς φ. πνοά E.l.c.; also “φ. ἱμάντεςSimon.17; “πέπλοιE.Hel.181 (lyr.), etc.
II. date-palm, Phoenix dactylifera, Od.6.163, h.Ap.117, Pi.Fr.75 14 (dub.), E. Hec.458 (lyr.), D.S.2.53; “τόξα ἐκ φοίνικος σπάθης πεποιημέναHdt.7.69, etc.: the male and female distd. by Hdt. as [ φ.] ἔρσην and [ φ.] βαλανηφόρος, 1.193 (but the latter is masc., ibid. and in 4.172, 182); “φοινίκων . . τῶν καρπίμων οἱ μὲν ἄρρενες αἱ δὲ θήλειαιThphr.HP2.6.6, but αἱ ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρρένων πρὸς τοὺς θήλεις [βοήθειαι] ib.2.8.4.
2. palm-frond, as a badge of victory, Arist MM1196a36, Plu.2.723b, etc.; “τὸν φ. τινὶ ἀποδοῦναιChrysipp.Stoic.3.175.
3. date, Hellanic.56J., Epich. 18, Antiph.65, Ephipp.24; more correctly, “τοῦφοίνικος καρπόςHdt.1.193; “καρπὸς φοίνικοςHermipp.63.22 (hex.); cf. φοινικοβάλανος.
III. χαμαιρριφήςdwarf-palm, Chamaerops humilis, Thphr.HP2.6.11.
2. a Bactrian tree, Mazri palm, Nannorhops ritchieana, ib.4.4.8.
3. a sea-plant, Callophyllis laciniata, ib.4.6.2, 10.
4. rye-grass, Lolium perenne, Dsc.4.43.
IV. a musical instrument, like a guitar, invented by the Phoenicians, Hdt.4.192, Ephor.4 J., Phillis 2 (pl.), Scamon 3; but so called because made from the Delian palm, acc. to Semus 1.
V. the fabulous bird phoenix, Hes.Fr.171.4, Antiph.175; from Arabia acc. to Hdt.2.73; but from India, Philostr. VA3.49: prov., “φοίνικος ἔτη βιοῦνLuc.Herm.53.
VI. an ornament, LXX Ez.41.25.
VII. perfume prepared from the fronds of the date-palm, Thphr.Od.28.
VIII. a fish, Ael.NA12.24.
IX. a bandage, Heliod. ap. Orib.49.11.2.
X. = εὐρύνοτος, Agathem.2.7.
XI. φ. ἐν ὁπλῇ, a disease of the hoof, Hippiatr.10.
XII. an eye-salve, Aët.7.116. [In all senses of the word ι_ in gen., but nom. φοῖνιξ, not φοίνιξ, Hdn.Gr. ap. Choerob. in Thd.1.292.]
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hide References (30 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (30):
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 13.80
    • Euripides, Hecuba, 458
    • Euripides, Helen, 1272
    • Euripides, Helen, 181
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 6
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 204
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 301
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 815
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.193
    • Herodotus, Histories, 2.73
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.172
    • Herodotus, Histories, 4.192
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.69
    • Homer, Iliad, 4.141
    • Homer, Odyssey, 23.201
    • Homer, Odyssey, 14.288
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.415
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.163
    • Homeric Hymns, Hymn 3 to Apollo, 117
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.454
    • Homer, Iliad, 6.219
    • Homer, Odyssey, 13.272
    • Homer, Odyssey, 15.417
    • Sophocles, Ichneutae, 909
    • Old Testament, Ezekiel, 41.25
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.116
    • Lucian, Hermotimus, 53
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 2.53
    • Aelian, De Natura Animalium, 12.24
    • Philostratus the Athenian, Life of Apollonius of Tyana, 3.49
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