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καρδί-α , , Ion. καρδίη , Ep. κρα^δίη (καρδίη in Hom. only in
A.καρδίῃ ἄλληκτον πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μάχεσθαιIl.2.452, al., καρδία always in Trag., exc. in some dact. and anap. verses, A.Pr.881, Th.781, E.Med.99, Hipp.1274); Aeol. κάρζα EM407.21 (but καρδία Sapph.2.6); Cypr. κορζία (Paph.), Hsch. (fort. κόρζα):—heart, “ἐν δέ τέ οἱ κραδίη μεγάλα στέρνοισι πατάσσειIl.13.282; κραδίη δέ μοι ἔξω στηθέων ἐκθρῴσκει, of one panic-stricken, 10.94; πηδᾷ κ. Pl.Smp.215e, cf. Ar.Nu.1391 (lyr.): esp. as the seat of feeling and passion, as rage or anger, “οἰδάνεται κραδίη ΧόλῳIl.9.646; “τέτλαθι δή, κραδίηOd.20.18, cf. E.Alc. 837; καρδίης πλέως full of heart, Archil.58.4; of fear or courage, “κυνὸς ὄμματ᾽ ἔχων, κραδίην δ᾽ ἐλάφοιοIl.1.225; [σφηκῶν] “κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἔχοντες16.266; “ἐν μέν οἱ κραδίῃ θάρσος βάλε21.547, etc.; “ὀρχεῖται καρδία φόβῳA.Ch.166; “θερμὴν ἐπὶ ψυχροῖσι κ. ἔχειςS.Ant. 88; τὸν νέον τίνα οἴει κ. ἴσχειν; what do you think are his feelings? Pl.R.492c; of sorrow or joy, “ἐν κραδίῃ μέγα πένθος ἄεξεOd.17.489; “κ. καὶ θυμὸς ἰάνθη4.548; “ἄχος κραδίην καὶ θυμὸν ἵκανενIl.2.171, cf. 10.10, B.10.85, etc.; “καρδίην ἰαίνεταιArchil.36; κελαινόχρως . . πάλλεταί μου κ. A.Supp.785; “ τάλαινα κ. ψυχή τ᾽ ἐμήE.Or.466; of love, Sapph.l.c., etc.; “ἐκ τῆς κ. φιλεῖνAr.Nu.86; φιλέειν ἀπὸ κ. Theoc.29.4 (but ἐρεῖν τἀπὸ κ. to speak freely, E.IA475); λαλῆσαι ἐπὶ καρδίαν τινός speak kindly to . . , LXXJd.19.3.
II. cardiac orifice of the stomach, Th.2.49, Hp.Prorrh.1.72, Gal.8.338, al.
III. heart in wood, pith, Thphr.HP3.14.1; = ἐντεριώνη, ib. 1.2.6; “ἀρτεμισίας μονοκλώνου καρδίας ζ́PMag.Berol.1.245, cf. PMag. Leid.V.13.24; “λαβὼν βάϊν Χλωρὰν καὶ τῆς κ. κρατήσας σχίσον εἰς δύοPMag.Leid.W.6.51.
IV. metaph., κ. θαλάσσης depths of the sea, LXXEz.27.4.
V. Κ. Λέοντος, name of the star Regulus, Gem.3.5. (I.-E. [kcirc ]ṛd-, cf. Lat. cor(d)-, Lith. širdis 'heart', etc.)
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hide References (35 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (35):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 166
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 881
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 781
    • Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 785
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 1391
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 86
    • Bacchylides, Epinicians, 10.85
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 837
    • Euripides, Hippolytus, 1274
    • Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis, 475
    • Euripides, Medea, 99
    • Euripides, Orestes, 466
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.10
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.220
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.225
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.441
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.547
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.171
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.452
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.282
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.646
    • Homer, Odyssey, 17.489
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.18
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.548
    • Old Testament, Ezekiel, 27.4
    • New Testament, Luke, 24.38
    • Plato, Republic, 492c
    • Plato, Symposium, 215e
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1105
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 88
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.49
    • Homer, Iliad, 10.94
    • Homer, Iliad, 16.266
    • Homer, Odyssey, 4.572
    • Homer, Odyssey, 5.389
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