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λύτρ-ον , τό, (λύω)
A.price of release:
1. ransom, mostly in pl. (later sg., D.S.20.84, Plu.2.295c, etc.), τῶν λ. τὴν δεκάτην the tithe of the ransom-money, Hdt.5.77; Ἕκτορος λύτρα, title of Il.24 and of play by Aeschylus; λύτρα λαβεῖν τινος receive as ransom for . . , Th.6.5; “τῆς θυγατρὸς λύτρα φέρωνPl.R.393d; λύτρα ἀποδιδόναι, καταθεῖναι, pay ransom, D.53.11, 13; εἰσενεγκεῖν εἰς λύτρα contribute towards it, ib.7; ἀφιέναι ἄνευ λύτρων release without ransom, X.HG7.2.16, cf. Aeschin.2.100, D.19.169, etc.; δώσουσιν ἕκαστος λύτρα τῆς ψυχῆς αὐτοῦ Κυρίῳ a ransom of his soul, LXX Ex.30.12; sg. in NT, “λ. ἀντὶ πολλῶνEv.Matt.20.28, Ev.Marc.10.45; “λ. ὑπὲρ γαμέτουIG14.607f (Carales); pl., sum paid for manumission of a slave, POxy.48.6 (i A. D.), etc.
b. sum paid for redemption of a pledge, in pl., PBad.3.4 (ii B. C.), etc.
2. atonement, τί γὰρ λ. πεσόντος αἵματος; (so Canter for λυγρόν) A.Ch.48; of blood-money, LXX Ex.21.30, al.
3. generally, recompense, λύτρον καμάτων for toil, Pi.I.8(7).1; “συμφορᾶςId.O.7.77.
II. a plant, = λυσιμάχειος, Ps.-Dsc.4.3.
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hide References (14 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (14):
    • Aeschines, On the Embassy, 100
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 48
    • Demosthenes, On the False Embassy, 169
    • Demosthenes, Against Nicostratus, 11
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.77
    • Homer, Iliad, 24
    • New Testament, Mark, 10.45
    • New Testament, Matthew, 20.28
    • Plato, Republic, 393d
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.5
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 7.2.16
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 21.30
    • Old Testament, Exodus, 30.12
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 20.84
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