A.application, “ναρθήκων” Hp.Fract.6; of pessaries, Id.Mul.1.11 (pl.), Nat.Mul.11; of ladders, π. [κλίμακος] Th.4.135, cf. Plb.5.60.7; of the cupping-instrument, Arist.Rh.1405b3; κόμης προσθέσεις the use of false hair, Philostr.Ep.22: metaph., Phld.Sign. 26.
2. attachment, “ζῳδίων” IG12.374.287; of leaf to stem, Thphr. HP7.6.2.
III. addition, “διὰ τὴν π. τοῦ ἑτέρου τῷ ἑτέρῳ” Pl.Phd.97a, cf. 101b, 101c; “αὔξησις κατὰ πρόσθεσιν” Arist.GC333b1, cf. Ph.245a27; opp. ἀφαίρεσις, ib.190b6, Hp.Acut.38; so in arithmetical sense, ἀριθμεῖσθαι κατὰ π. Arist. Metaph.1081b14, cf. 1092b31.
b. increase, Vett.Val.20.17.
2. in the Logic of Aristotle, addition of marks (such as properties, accidents, and the like ) to determine a general term, Int.21b27, Metaph. 1029b30; ἀκρατὴς κατὰ πρόσθεσιν with a difference, opp. ἁπλῶς, Arist.EN 1148a10; ὁ ἐκ προσθέσεως λόγος, opp. ὁ ἐξ ἀφαιρέσεως, Id.Metaph. 1030b15; hence ἐκ προσθέσεως, of mixed, opp. ἐξ ἀφαιρέσεως, of pure sciences, Id.Cael.299a17; ἡ ἐξ ἐλαττόνων [ἐπιστήμη], opp. ἡ ἐκ π., of arithmetic opp. geometry, Id.APo.87a34, cf.Metaph.982a27.
IV. assignment, prouision, SIG l.c.
V. Gramm., addition of a letter or syllable (as ϝ in ϝ-ρῆξις, ἀ in ἄ-σταχυς), Trypho Pass.1.11, 3.2.
VII. in Music, pause of two time-units, Aristid.Quint.1.18.