previous next
σαρδάνιος [δα^], α, ον, an Adj. used of
A.bitter or scornful smiles or laughter, “μείδησε δὲ θυμῷ σαρδάνιον μάλα τοῖονOd.20.302; so “ἀνεκάγχασε μάλα σαρδάνιονPl.R.337a; “ὑπομειδιάσας σαρδάνιονPlb. 18.7.6; “τί μάταια γελᾷς . . ; τάχα που σαρδάνιον γελάσειςAP5.178 (Mel.); “πεφύλαξο σίνεσθαι, μὴ καὶ ς. γελάσῃςAPl.4.86; ridereγέλωτα σαρδάνιονCic.Fam.7.25.1. (Perh. connected with σεσηρώς, grinning, sneering, Sch.Pl. l.c.; cf. σαρδάζων: μετὰ πικρίας γελῶν, Phot., Suid. —The common expl. given of this laugh was that it resembled the effect produced by a Sardinian plant (Ranunculus Sardoüs, Sardinian crowfoot, called σαρδάνη by Tz. ad Hes. Op.59, σαρδόνιον by Ps.-Dsc.2.175, D.Chr.32.99) which when eaten screwed up the face of the eater, Paus.10.17.13, Sch.Pl. l.c., Phot., Verg.Ecl.7.41; whence later authors wrote σαρδόνιον or σαρδώνιον (from Σαρδώ) for σαρδάνιον, Ps.-Dsc. l.c., D.Chr. l.c., Luc.Asin.24, etc., σαρδώνιος γέλως and “-ωνία πόαDsc.Alex.14, and σαρδόνιον appears as a v.l. in Hom. and Pl.; hence our form sardonic; this and other explanations are given in Timae.29, Zen.5.85, Lyc.796, Sch. Pl. l.c.)
hide Dictionary Entry Lookup
Use this tool to search for dictionary entries in all lexica.
Search for in
How to enter text in Greek:
hide References (7 total)
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries from this page (7):
    • Cicero, Letters to his Friends, 7.25.1
    • Hesiod, Works and Days, 59
    • Homer, Odyssey, 20.302
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10.17.13
    • Plato, Republic, 337a
    • Polybius, Histories, 18.7.6
    • Dio Chrysostom, Orationes, 32.99
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: