συντίθημι , used by Hom. only in Med., v. infr.:—Pass. (v. infr.), but σύγκειμαι is more freq. as Pass.:—
A.place or put together, “Hdt.2.47, cf. 4.67; “X.HG2.3.20; “E.IT1016; “Id.Supp.1126 (lyr.); “Gal.15.109; , opp. ἀνασείειν, fold them together, X. Oec.10.11; , opp. ἐκτείνειν, Id.Cyn.5.10; opp. διαιρεῖσθαι, Pl.Sph.252b; close the lips, E.Cyc.625; αυλον cod.) , = calamistrat, Gloss.:—Pass., any sort of combination of shivering (with other symptoms), Gal.16.746.
2. technical uses,
a. Math., add together, of numbers, Hdt.3.95 (Pass.); principal and interest, D.27.17, cf. 29.30: Geom., of lines and figures, Archim.Spir.Praef., Papp.70.4.
b. Math. also, of the transformation of a ratio componendo, Arist. EN1131b8 (Pass.), Euc.5.18,24 (Pass.).
c. Logic, combine the terms of a proposition, Arist.Metaph.1012a4, 1024b19 (Pass.); also, use the fallacy of composition (cf. “σύνθεσις1.2e), Id.Rh.1401a24.
d. Rhet., accumulate, joined with ἐποικοδομεῖν (to form a climax), ib. 1365a16.
e. make up an account, PHib.1.48.15 (iii B.C.).
II. put together constructively, so as to make a whole, (as a bridge) Hdt.7.36; λίθους, of builders, Th.4.4, IG42(1).103.59 (Epid., iv B.C.); , X.Mem.3.1.7, etc.; “IG42(1).121.82 (Epid., iv B.C.); “Sor. 2.64; “Hippias Eleus 6 D.; “συλλαβάςPl.Cra.424e.
2. construct, frame, “Pl.Ti.69d; the creator, ib.33d:—Pass., to be constructed, of the material universe, opp. διαλύεσθαι, Arist.Cael. 304b30.
b. compose or make one thing of or from another, Hdt.4.23; “Id.7.184; “Pl.Cra.425a, cf. 434a; “Id.Sph.262e; (Reiske for ὕπο) E.Hel.34: metaph., “S.Aj.303; . strive for two things at once, E.El.95.
3. construct or frame a story, “Id.Ba.297, cf. Ar.Ra.1052 (anap.), Pl.Phdr.260b; “Arist.Rh.1354a12; narrate in writing, “Th.1.97, cf. 21; compose, , Pl.R.377d, Phdr.278c, Lg.812d,816c; “αἴνιγμαId.Ap.27a; “Gal.15.147:—Pass., pf. συντέθειται ib.797; “Arist.Po.1453a19.
4. Math., of the synthesis of a geometrical problem, opp. ἀναλύω, Id.SE175a28, Papp.648.13; the synthesis of the problem will proceed thus, Archim.Sph.Cyl.2.1, cf. Apollon. Perg.Con.1 Praef., 2.44, al.
5. frame, devise, contrive, the framer of this plot, S.OT401, cf. Th.8.68; “Antipho 5.25; “Id.6.9; “D.25.28; “And.1.6, etc.; rarely in good sense, “D.18.144.
6. put together, take in, comprehend, “A.Supp.65 (lyr.); “E.Med.747; “Id.Fr.657, cf. Hec. 1184: putting things shortly together, speaking briefly, S.El.673.
III. commit to a person's care, deliver to him for his own use or that of others, PMich.Zen.2.3,14 (iii B.C.), PCair.Zen.4.23, 6.11,64, 299.9, al. (iii B.C.); “PMich.Zen.28.18, cf. 32.7, PSI4.392.7, 5.524.3, 6.613.8, 7.862.1, PLille 15.3 (all iii B.C.); , etc., Plb.5.10.4, 8.17.4, 15.25.16, cf. 27.7.1, 28.22.3, IG12(5).590.12 (Ceos, ii B.C.), 11(4).1056.4 (Delos, ii B.C., cf. Jahresh.24.171), OGI345.11 (Delph., i B.C.).
2. perh. as soon as we have duly delivered (or executed) this declaration, BGU1738.32 (i B.C.); “PLond.3.1000.7 (vi A.D.).
IV. collect, conclude, infer, Plb. 28.17.14, Arr.Ind.34.
B. Med. συντίθεμαι, used by Hom. only in aor. 2 and in signf. 1:
I. put together for oneself, i.e. observe, give heed to, “Il.7.44; “Od.1.328; “17.153; “Pi.P.4.277; and, simply, perceive, hear, “Od.20.92: in Hom. mostly abs., do thou take heed, Il.1.76, Od.15.318, etc.; ib.27.
2. set in order organize, “δύναμινX.HG4.8.20; ib.6.1.17.
II. agree on, conclude (cf. συνθήκη）“Thgn.306; , Hdt.2.181, 8.140.á; “IG12.117.4, cf. 116.27, al.; “εἰρήνηνIsoc. 15.109; agree upon the fare, X. An.5.1.12; having agreed on these points, Th.3.114, cf. Ar.Lys.178, Plu.Alc.31; “E.Ba.807, cf. 808; so “with D., Hdt.3.157; “Id.1.27; “Pl.Grg.520c; “Hdt.7.145, etc.:—Pass., agreed upon, Pl.Phdr.254d.
2. c. inf., covenant, agree to do, “Pi.P.11.41 (dub. l.); “Pl.R.359a, cf. And. 4.18, Arist.Pol.1257a35: c. inf. fut., “Th.6.65; folld. by inf. fut., “Hdt.9.7.β́, cf. And.1.42: an inf. must be supplied in the phrases, κατὰ (i.e. , etc., Hdt.3.86, Foed. ap. Th.5.18: also “ς. ὡς . . Hdt.6.84; “X.HG5.4.2.
3. abs., make a covenant, “Pi.N.4.75 (constr. uncertain in Alc.Supp.5.11): c. dat., Hdt.6.115, X.An.1.9.7, POxy.1668.12 (iii A.D.); “Pl.Cra.435a; come to terms with him, Decr. ap. D.18.187, POxy.908.18 (ii/iii A.D.); “D.S.1.98; also, bet, wager, Thphr. HP9.17.2, Men.Epit.288; “Plu.Alc.8.
4. vote with, support, “τούτοιςLys.Fr.68, cf. Call.Epigr.1.14, D.H.Isoc.18, Paus. 4.15.2; “Sor.2.53; assent to, “PFay.34.20 (ii A.D.); “POxy.78.23 (iii A.D.).
5. conclude, infer (cf. A. IV), Stoic.2.63, Phld.Sign.2, al.:—Pass., ib.28.
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• Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens, 65
• Andocides, On the Mysteries, 42
• Andocides, On the Mysteries, 6
• Antiphon, On the murder of Herodes, 25
• Antiphon, On the Choreutes, 9
• Aristophanes, Frogs, 1052
• Aristotle, Poetics, 1453a.19
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• Demosthenes, On the Crown, 187
• Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 1, 28
• Demosthenes, Against Aphobus, 30
• Demosthenes, Against Aphobus 1, 17
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• Euripides, Helen, 34
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• Euripides, Medea, 747
• Euripides, Suppliants, 1126
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• Herodotus, Histories, 6.115
• Herodotus, Histories, 6.84
• Herodotus, Histories, 7.36
• Herodotus, Histories, 3.95
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• Herodotus, Histories, 9.7
• Homer, Odyssey, 15.318
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• Homer, Odyssey, 20.92
• Homer, Odyssey, 1.328
• Homeric Hymns, Hymn 1 to Dionysus, 1
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• Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.15.2
• Plato, Laws, 812d
• Plato, Laws, 816c
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• Plato, Cratylus, 424e
• Plato, Cratylus, 425a
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• Plato, Sophist, 252b
• Plato, Sophist, 262e
• Plato, Phaedrus, 260b
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• Plato, Phaedrus, 254d
• Plato, Gorgias, 520c
• Plato, Timaeus, 33d
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• Sophocles, Ajax, 303
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• Thucydides, Histories, 5.18
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• Thucydides, Histories, 4.4
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• Xenophon, Hellenica, 4.8.20
• Xenophon, Hellenica, 5.4.2
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• Xenophon, Memorabilia, 3.1.7
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• Xenophon, Economics, 10.11
• Polybius, Histories, 15.25.16
• Polybius, Histories, 27.7.1
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• Polybius, Histories, 5.10.4
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• Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 178
• Thucydides, Histories, 3.114
• Thucydides, Histories, 6.65
• Arrian, Indica, 34
• Diodorus, Historical Library, 1.98
• Dionysius of Halicarnassus, De Isocrate, 18
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