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I.Orig. sense, to scratch, scrape, graze, αἰχμὴ γράψεν ὀστέον Il.; σήματα γράψας ἐν πίνακι having scratched marks as tokens on a tablet, id=Il.:—then, to represent by lines drawn, to delineate, draw, paint, Hdt., Aesch.; εἰκὼν γεγραμμένη Ar.: also in Mid., ζῷα γράφεσθαι ζωγραφεῖν, Hdt. express by written characters, to write, τι id=Hdt.; γο. τινά to write a person's name, Xen.; γ. ἐπιστολήν, etc., id=Xen.; γρ. τι εἰς διφθέρας Hdt. inscribe, like ἐπιγράφω, γρ. εἰς στήλην Eur., Dem. write down, γρ. τινὰ αἴτιον to set him down as the cause, Hdt. register, enrol, γρ. τινὰ τῶν ἱππευόντων among the cavalry, Xen.; Κρέοντος προστάτου γεγράψομαι, as a dependent of Creon, Soph. write down a law to be proposed; hence to propose, move, γνώμην, νόμον Xen.: so, absol., γράφειν (sub. νόμον), Dem.; γρ. πόλεμον, εἰρήνην, etc., id=Dem.; c. inf. to move that . .; ἔγραψα ἀποπλεῖν τοὺς πρέσβεις id=Dem.
B.Mid. to write for oneself or for one's own use, note down, Hdt., Aesch., etc. attic law-term, γράφεσθαί τινα to indict one, τινός for some public offence, Plat., etc.; c. acc. et inf., γρ. τινὰ ἀδικεῖν id=Plat.: absol., οἱ γραψάμενοι the prosecutors, id=Plat.:—also, γράφεσθαί τι denounce as criminal, Dem.:—Pass. to be indicted, id=Dem., etc.; τὰ γεγραμμένα the articles of the indictment, id=Dem.; τὸ γεγραμμένον the penalty named in the indictment, id=Plat.:—but γέγραμμαι usually takes the sense of the Mid., to indict, id=Dem.

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