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καὶ ταῖς ἀληθείαις = τοῖς ἔργοις, ‘not only are the realities of the case thus’. Philemon frag. 40, ταῖς ἀληθείαισιν. The tendency to use the plurals of abstract nouns, common in later Greek, is marked in Isocr. Cp. § 284, ταῖς κακοηθείαις: § 288, ταῖς ἀκμαῖς: § 292, τὰς ἐπιμελείας: § 300, τὰς πικρότητας: see also Areop. § 44, p. 154.

οὐδὲ τοῖς ὀνόμασιν ‘some people do not even employ the names of things in their natural sense’ (much less distinguish between the things themselves). Thuc. III. 82 (of the moral confusion arising from the passions of party strife), τὴν εἰωθυῖαν ἀξίωσιν τῶν ὀνομάτων ἐς τὰ ἔργα ἀντήλλαξαν τῇ δικαιώσει.

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.82
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