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Chapter 20: a brave officer's mortification.--history set right.

Admiral Farragut says in a communication made in April, 1869: “historians are not always correct; for my own part, I maintain the conviction that whatever errors may be made by the hands of historians and others, posterity will always give justice to whom justice is due.”

this is true, and in no case has it been more clearly demonstrated than in that of Admiral Farragut himself, who reaped the highest honors that could be won in the Navy, without a dissenting voice; and who, as time passes, will only gather more laurels to surround his monument and be handed down to posterity as the most famous Admiral of the American Navy.

Farragut received so many honors himself that he could well afford to spare to those who served under him, any that may have been withheld from them by accidental omission or otherwise. He leaves it to posterity to do justice where justice has not been awarded, and therefore we give a piece of history not generally known, and which should be published in authentic form.

there was no braver officer in Farragut's fleet than Captain Theodorus Bailey, who led the first division at the passage of forts Jackson and St. Philip. Bailey had that dashing courage which ought to delight the eye of any commander-in-chief, and no man was ever more pleased with the conduct of a subordinate than was Farragut with Bailey all through the several battles, even up to the levee of New Orleans. There, again, Bailey showed the great courage he possessed by volunteering to face a howling mob, and carry Farragut's demands to the mayor of the City for its unconditional surrender. This was more than brave conduct, it was sublime, for he and his companion, Lieutenant Perkins, had to force their way, unarmed and unguarded, through a fierce crowd that might at any moment tear them to pieces.

Farragut had been so much pleased with Bailey's coolness and daring during the rapid and successful events that had taken place within a few days, that he determined to make him the bearer of dispatches to the seat of government, and when the reports were all ready Bailey embarked in the Cayuga, (the vessel he had so gallantly led through heavy fire and smoke), and started on his way down the Mississippi bound for Washington City. Stopping to communicate with the fleet at forts Jackson and St. Philip, he received the rebel flags that had flown over those works and took them on with him as trophies.

Farragut had written his report of the affairs at the forts in full at New Orleans, and this Bailey aimed to deliver as soon as possible.

he went on his way home perfectly posted, as he supposed, in all that had occurred, and ready to give the Department a clear outline of the battles before the Secretary could have time to wade through the mass of reports that were sent on together.

on Bailey's arrival at the Navy Department he was received with great enthusiasm by the Secretary of the Navy and every officer and man connected with the service, all of whom listened with bated breath to his vivid recital of scenes fraught with danger and romance, until nothing more was left to tell.

while he was stating the history of events, Senator James W. Grimes (the eminent statesman, and friend of the Navy), entered the Secretary's room, and listened with the others. When Bailey had finished, the Senator said “come with me, and some one bring the trophies,” pointing to the Confederate flags. “the account of this great battle must be told on the floor of the Senate,” [236] and they started for the Senate Chamber, the Secretary of the Navy being left to overhaul the despatches.

on the arrival of Senator Grimes with Captain Bailey, on the floor of the Senate, the latter was received by Senators with the wildest enthusiasm. Members of the House rushed into the Senate Chamber as soon as they heard the news, and the floor was packed. Bailey was the hero of the hour, and was congratulated by all who could get near him. He told the story of the capture of the forts and City in his own simple way, and it carried conviction to every listener.

Captain Theodorus Bailey (afterwards Rear-Admiral).

Congress is an impulsive body, and some of the members of the House of Representatives went back to the House to prepare a resolution giving Farragut and Bailey a vote of thanks on the spot, while the Senate, in the enthusiasm of the moment, was about to do the same thing. An hour or more had passed away while the Senators were listening to Bailey's account, during which time Secretary Welles was employed in reading Farragut's report. It was not a long one, but did not clearly mention the fact that Bailey had led the fleet, or at least show it on the plan. Why the omission occurred it is impossible to conceive, and it can only be surmised that Farragut, in the excitement and hurry of the moment, sent the first order of battle to the Secretary of the Navy, instead of the one which was last issued to the fleet.

Secretary Welles and those about him at once detected the difference between Farragut's report and Bailey's recital of the passage of the fleet, and the impression was left on the minds of all, that Bailey was disposed to obtain more credit than was due him. They could not have known him well, for he was truthful as he was brave, and although naturally somewhat exalted at the important position he filled at the passage of the forts, nevertheless he related it all in the simplest and most unpretending language.

Secretary Welles, on reading Farragut's report, lost no time in writing a note to Senator Grimes, and sending it off with all dispatch. It read, “Don't take any steps resulting from Captain Bailey's account of the passage of the fleet by the forts. There is a discrepancy between his report of the affair and that of Flag-officer Farragut, which must be inquired into.” [237]

Senator Grimes had just taken the floor, and was eulogizing the brilliant victory that had been reported, when Secretary Welles' note was put into his hand. He was taken all aback on reading it, and after finishing its perusal, he held up his hand. “Stop,” he said, “we are going too fast,” and he handed the note around the Senate. Senators, after reading it, returned to their seats and took up some matter quite foreign to the one before them, and the proposed resolutions were so completely killed that nothing on earth could have resurrected them; no one in that Senate seemed to take the least interest in the New Orleans matter, and Bailey sat on a reserved seat in the rear of the Chamber, wondering what it all meant.

In ten minutes more he would have been the recipient of a vote of thanks in connection with the flag-officer--the highest honor he could have hoped for — and he likely would have been made the next Rear-Admiral on the list.

Senator Grimes, in the kindness of his heart, went to him and showed him Mr. Welles' letter, and told him that he had better go to the Department at once and set the matter right, that it was useless to remain in the Senate, that nothing more would be done, and Bailey went out crushed to the earth with mortification. How he ever got to his lodgings he never knew; he was a proud man, and his heart almost broke at the idea that he was suspected of making a false report.

The truth came to the Department a month or two afterwards, but Bailey only benefitted by it so far that his story was believed.

Farragut received a vote of thanks, but Bailey was left out except on the general vote which included all the officers and men.

This event was not generally known in the service; or, if known, not fully understood, and it was not until 1869, seven years after the action, that the whole matter was rectified.

Then the correspondence which took place between Farragut and Bailey became part of the records of the Navy Department, and as it is due to both those officers that this correspondence should be fully known, and as it is a part of the history of the war, it should appear in this narrative. The reader will see at a glance that Captain Bailey was a clear-headed writer as he was a clearheaded fighter, and places himself clear on the record. Why he should have remained silent so many years under an injustice he should have corrected at once, no one can tell, but likely it arose from a disappointment which led him to believe there was no disposition on the part of the Secretary to do him justice. It was not until he was importuned by his friends to have the matter set right, that he consented to draw Admiral Farragut's attention to the subject.

Farragut himself had most likely forgotten all about his report, and as Bailey had failed to notice the discrepancy therein just after the affair occurred, he regarded it as out of place to open up a discussion at so late a date, and when his first report had become a matter of history. As soon, however, as convinced by Bailey of his mistake, Farragut rectified it, and placed the (then) Rear-Admiral's request on the records of the Navy. This every officer is justified in claiming when he has performed a gallant act without recognition.

It is not only due to history that this should be done, but also to the family and friends of those who served so faithfully through the war of the rebellion. Bailey's misfortune in this mistake was that the error stood recorded so long without correction. He should have had it rectified at once, for his position in the Navy was materially affected by it.

History set right.

The following correspondence is reproduced from the files of the Navy Department. We publish it in justice both to the truth of history and to the reputation of those gallant officers whom it most concerns.

Rear-Admiral Bailey to Admiral Farragut.

Washington, D. C., April 1, 1869.
My dear admiral — I feel compelled to call your attention to an oversight of which I spoke to you some time since, and which has afforded me and other officers the keenest annoyance, by historical statements growing out of the omission to make the desired correction.

You recollect that when the Colorado, under my command, was found (after lightening her) to draw too much water to be got over the bar into the Mississippi River, I applied to you for the command of a division of gun-boats, and coveted the honor of leading, under your orders, the attack on New Orleans and its defences. Having been assigned by you to the command of a division of your fleet, with your concurrence, and at the request of Commander S. P. Lee, I hoisted my divisional flag on board the steam sloop-of-war Oneida, commanded by him. On the 20th of April, 1862, you issued a General Order, with a programme directing the fleet to pass the forts and ascend the river in two columns abreast. You, in your flag-ship, the Hartford, at the head of one column, and I at the head of the other. About this time Commander Lee expressed a regret that he had invited me to lead my division in his vessel, the Oneida, alleging as a reason that I would get the credit for what might be achieved by his vessel. Lieutenant-Commander Harrison immediately begged me to hoist my divisional flag on board of his little gun-boat the Cayuga, and give him a chance to lead the division, which, on going on board of your flag-ship and stating the facts, you kindly consented to my doing; and on giving the gallant Harrison the opportunity he sought, the Oneida, Commander Lee, was assigned a position further astern. After the [238] chain and booms, constituting the enemy's obstructions, were cut by Captain Bell and Lieutenant Caldwell, it became apparent that if the fleet went up in two columns abreast, according to your written order and programme of the 20th of April, the parallel columns of vessels would likely get foul of the obstructions on either side, and the whole fleet be thrown into confusion under the fire of the enemy's forts, especially as you had determined to make a night attack (two o'clock in the morning). Therefore, with your proverbial foresight and sagacity. you ordered me to get my division of eight vessels under way as soon as the dusk of the evening should obscure the movement from the enemy, and anchor them, line ahead, near the east bank, and gave me a further verbal order, directing me that when the signal should be made (two red lights) from the Hartford, to lead up with my division and to receive but not answer the fire of Fort Jackson (which I was directed to leave for you to take care of when you should come up, as you expressed it, “I will take care of Fort Jackson” ). I was then to open on Fort St. Philip and pass it; but you directed that in case at any time you should come up in the Hartford, we should leave room for you on the port or west side. I accordingly passed up at the head of my division (in the Cayuga receiving but not returning the fire of Fort Jackson. After passing the obstructions I ordered the helm put a-port and led close to the levee, and under the guns of Fort St. Philip, thinking that the guns of that fort would be trained and sighted for mid-river, and that they would consequently overshoot me (which they did, their shot and shell riddling our masts, spars, sails and rigging, with comparatively little damage to the hulls). At this time something occurred to the Pensacola's machinery, which caused a detention of the vessels of my division astern of her. Losing sight of them, we in the Cayuga, alone encountered the rebel iron-clads Louisiana and Manassas and their flotilla of gun-boats, and maintained unaided a conflict with them, until Boggs in the Varuna came up, and after delivering a broadside, which came into the Cayuga as well as into the enemy in conflict with us, he passed up the river out of sight. The Oneida, Commander Lee, came up soon after and fired into a steamer that had already surrendered to the Cayuga (being her third prize). I then ordered Lee to go to the assistance of Boggs of the Varuna, then engaged with two of the enemy's steamers up the river, which had been drawn off from their attack on us of the Cayuga, to follow and head off Boggs in the Varuna. After seeing our (Cayuga's) third prize in flames, we steamed up the river and captured the Chalmette regiment, encamped on the west bank of the river opposite the quarantine hospital. This rebel regiment of infantry I had the honor to hand over to you for your disposition when you came up the river after your severe contest with the forts and fire-ships below.

To give a history of all the incidents of the battle within my observation or the part of which each vessel of my division took, would make this communication too long.

The great object of this letter is to call your attention to the fact that in the hurry of making up your dispatches after the battle, you sent home the written order of the 20th of April, which has been published and has passed into history, instead of your verbal order of the 23d, which was the one in accordance with which the fleet passed up the river, and the battle was fought.

This error has resulted in an inextricable historical muddle, as the history of the battle has been written on the basis of the published programme of April 20th, never carried out; the formation and position of the attacking force being therefore entirely misunderstood by the historians. One (Rev. Mr. Boynton's) history not even mentioning me, although it did those of officers commanding vessels under me. My name was merely inserted (as commanding a division) at the instance of a friend, who discovered the omission too late to make a further correction. The resolution of the United States Senate of June 6, 1862, and accompanying documents, of which two thousand were printed, perpetuates the error of our passing the forts in two columns abreast. Mr. Greeley in his “American conflict,” and other authors, are led into the same misstatements. “Lossing's Pictorial history” erroneously describes the Cayuga as retiring from the fight on account of her damages, whereas she was continually in action notwithstanding she was much cut up with forty-two shot holes. The Varuna, which had passed us while heavily engaged, went up the river and drew off three of the Cayuga's assailants. The fight of the Varuna with two of which is treated as the great event of the battle, while the leading up and heavy single-hand fighting of the Cayuga (Harrison's gun-boat), her taking the surrender of three enemy's steamers, the Chalmette regiment of infantry, and cutting the telegraphic communication between the forts and New Orleans, and other circumstances are not mentioned. Now, as I do not wish to be compelled, even in justice to myself, or the officers of my division, to go into the mode of correcting history by pamphleteering or newspaper articles, now so common, I must ask of you to correct this error, which I know you will not hesitate to do, seeing how much annoyance it is giving your friends and followers; or, if you still have any delicacy in doing this as you appeared to have when I spoke to you before, in consequence of a regulation of the Department that you seemed to consider in the way, may I ask if you see any impropriety in my requesting a Board of Inquiry, in order to get the facts on record, since the truth of history, my duty to my officers, and to my family, requires that I should see it done while I am here to do it.

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant,

Theodorus Bailey, Rear-Admiral U. S. Navy. To Admiral D. G. Farragut, U. S. Navy.

Admiral Farragut's reply.

New York, April 3, 1869.
My dear admiral — I have received your letter of the 1st, and am really at a loss to understand how you, or even historians can take the views you express in relation to the part in the memorable fight in the Mississippi in 1862.

I have just re-read my report of May 6th, and your two reports following, and cannot conceive how you could be more prominently mentioned to the Department.

In the former, you are reported as “leading the right column in the gun-boat Cayuga,” as having “preceded me up to the quarantine station,” and as having “captured the Chalmette regiment,” and every possible credit is given you for the manner in which you conducted your line, and preceding us to attack the Chalmette forts.

As to historians, I can, of course, do nothing. I have read but one account to which you allude (Dr. Boynton's), and that in reference to Mobile Bay, in which several mistakes occur, going to prove that historians are not always correct.

I do not see how it is possible for me to give you greater credit for your services than is embodied in that report where your name is always prominent; but if you think that full credit has not been done you, which I confess, I regret to learn, you [239] have, of course, a perfect right to make your appeal to the Department; for my own part, I always maintain the conviction that whatever errors may be made in the records of historians and others, posterity will always give justice to whom justice is due.

Very truly, yours,

D. G. Farragut, Admiral. Rear-Admiral T. Bailey, U. S. Navy.
P. S.--By referring to pages 334 and 335--337, of Draper's history, you will find that he gives you all the credit claimed by your own report, as well as that given you by mine.

D. G. F.

Response of Rear-Admiral Bailey.

Washington, D. C., April 27, 1869.
My Dear Admiral — I have received and carefully read your letter of the 3rd, in reply to mine of the 1st instant, and admit all you say about prominently mentioning my name to the Department. But your remark: “As to historians, I can do nothing.” This is so; but the difficulty is, that the historians derived their erroneous account of the battle from your report of the 6th of May, 1862, and from the diagram which you sent to the Department, as the true order of sailing into the battle with the forts. Those who have written on the subject are not to be blamed for using the official reports of the occurrences; but in seeking for the correction of that report, I hope to prevent similar error and confusion in the future. I do so with the greatest reluctance, as a duty to the officers under my immediate command, and to myself, and I appeal to your sense of justice whether I could do less.

You state, “I have just re-read my (your) report of May 6th, and your (my) two reports following, and cannot conceive how you could be more prominently mentioned to the Department.” In the former, you are reported as leading the right column in the gun-boat Cayuga, and as having preceded me to the quarantine station.

How could there have been a “right” and left column practically, when I led my division to the attack and passage of the forts an hour before you lifted anchors in the Hartford, and your center division? What I did was done by your orders and inspiration, and to you the world has given the credit of the attack and its success, as fully as it gave to Lord Nelson the credit of the battle of the Nile; but did it detract from his glory that the report of the battle described how it was fought, and the exact position of his own vessel, and those of his subordinates?

This matter has been the subject of much discussion among officers then commanding vessels in my division; all say that no vessel of your center division came up abreast of, or lapped their vessels. Practically, the effect of your verbal order was, to divide the fleet into four divisions, viz:

1st. The mortar fleet, Commander Porter.

2d. The first division of the gun-boats, under my command, to which was added the two sloops-of-war, Pensacola and Mississippi, of which the gun-boat Cayuga (with my division flag) was the leading vessel.

3d. The center division, with your flag on the Hartford, and

4th. The rear division, bearing the flag of Captain H. H. Bell.

The first, center, and rear divisions went up to the attack in single file, or line ahead. I went up at the head of my division at 2 P. M., or as soon thereafter as it took the Pensacola (the next vessel astern of the Cayuga), to purchase her anchors — supposed to be about twenty minutes. You followed without lapping the sternmost vessel of my division, and the division of gun-boats commanded by Captain Bell followed in the wake of your division. The fact practically was that the first division, the mortar fleet, covered the advance, the second was the vanguard, the third the main body of the fleet, and the fourth the rear, and that the advance being made up a river and line ahead, the diagram does not give any idea of the action other than to produce confusion and error. How could it be otherwise when no vessel of the third division lapped any one of the second?

I enclose a copy of this (to us) unfortunate diagram, as attached to your report of the battle, which you will notice places the Cayuga (my flag gun-boat) third in line of my division, whereas, according to your own statement (of two columns abreast), that gun-boat should have been recorded as first in line, leading. I would ask of your friendship and your fairness whether this diagram gives the faintest idea of the action, and whether if the names of the vessels were altered, it would not apply equally well or better to many other battles.

As an evidence how far the Cayuga was ahead of the rest of the fleet the first news received at the North is announced in the New York Times of Sunday, April 27, 1862, thus: “An important report from the rebels.--One of our gun-boats above Fort Jackson and San Philip. Washington, Saturday April 26th. The Richmond Examiner of the 25th, announces that one of our gun-boats passed Fort San Philip, sixty miles below New Orleans on the 24th. The report was telegraphed to Norfolk, and brought to Fortress Monroe under a flag of truce, and received from there to-day by the Navy Department.”

The next rebel telegram announced the arrival of the fleet before the city. The Cayuga in the interval had captured the Chalmette regiment, five miles above the forts, and cut the telegraphic communication, so that the fleet were not again reported until they arrived opposite the city.

Now, my dear admiral, you have entirely misconceived the object of my addressing you. It is not to complain that you have not mentioned me prominently in your dispatch, but it is because in your report of the battle, dated May 6th, and the accompanying diagram, you do not give the circumstances of the fight as they occurred, but those which would apply to your former plan which was abandoned. From that report, the reader would infer that the fleet went to the attack of the forts in two columns abreast, when it was done in single column (line ahead)--that the Hartford was the leading vessel, when in reality it was ninth in line astern of the Cayuga, in a single line or line ahead, and there was no left or right of line, but single file.

That you should for a moment leave so erroneous a report or record uncorrected, is a matter of surprise to your officers, and that you should not have made the correction as soon as your attention was called to it is still more embarrassing to us.

They know that under your orders, I led the vanguard of your fleet, not as represented on the diagram you have filed, but in an entirely different order, and received forty-two certificates in the way of rebel shots striking my vessel, in corroboration of what is known to every one of our gallant companions in that engagement.

I have delayed my reply, both because I have been occupied, and since have heard you were ill, which I deeply regretted, and because I wished to be certain that I said nothing in haste that would be annoying to you, or improper in me to say, and I hope you will now see the matter as I and others do. and make the correction so necessary to justice in your report dated May 6, 1862, and substitute a diagram of the actual positions your vessels and officers occupied in the line of attack, in [240]

Battle of New Orleans.

[241] place of those now on the files of the Navy Department.

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant,

Theodorus Bailey, Rear-Admiral. Admiral D. G. Farragut, U. S. Navy.

Correction by Admiral Farragut.

New York, May 19, 1869.
My dear admiral — I have received your two letters, the first one of which was not given to me until to-day, as my physician has advised a total suspension of business until I should become fully convalescent, which I am happy to say, is now the case. It affords me pleasure to make the correction you desire, in the diagram of the Mississippi battle, as I now fully comprehend what you wish in this matter. In fact, I cannot understand how this sketch of the first proposed order of battle — wherein you are placed third instead of at the head of the column — should have been attached to the report in lieu of the one which was afterwards adopted.

By referring to this report, you will observe that the diagram accompanies a general order, issued four days before the action, as a preparatory plan of attack, which was subsequently changed. But, still, I cannot understand why, even in this sketch, you should not have been placed at the head of the starboard column.

This diagram, as you are aware, was the original plan, to be changed, as a matter of course, as circumstances might justify, and the vessels were placed according to the rank of the officers respectively commanding them ; but should not have been made part of the report of the final action, as, on reflection, I decided that when the chains were parted the plan of “line ahead” should be adopted, as the best calculated for the preservation of the vessels and for avoiding all chances of fouling. Therefore, when the time arrived, and the signal given, the order of sailing was changed to line of battle, the verbal instructions to which you allude carried out, and you led at the head of your division, and it has always afforded me the greatest pleasure to say that you performed your duties most fearlessly and gallantly.

For this reason I was, at the outset, a little surprised that you should have apparently complained of my report, but my examination of the printed diagram has fully satisfied me of the justice of your appeal.

I shall, therefore, forward to the Department a correct sketch of the final attack as we passed up the river.

I am, very truly, your friend and obedient servant,

Letters to the Secretary of the Navy.

New York, May 24, 1869.
Sir — My attention having been called by Rear-Admiral Bailey to an incorrect sketch which accompanied my report of May 6, 1862, upon the passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip, I have the honor to forward herewith a corrected diagram, showing the position of the vessels at the time they passed through the obstructions after the chains had been separated. This will demonstrate that Rear-Admiral (then Captain) Bailey led the fleet in the Cayuga, up to the attack on the forts, as had been previously ordered, he taking St. Philip with his division, while I reserved Jackson for the remainder of the squadron under my command.

The skeleton lines show how the vessels moved up from their original position of two lines into the line ahead.

This correction has not been made before, because I was not aware of the existence of the mistake — the diagram being evidently a clerical error — and in opposition to the text, in which I distinctly state that Rear-Admiral Bailey not only led, but performed his duty with great gallantry, to which I call the attention of the Department.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

D. G. Farragut, Admiral U. S. N. Hon. A. E. Borie, Secretary of the Navy, Washington.

Washington, D. C. May 25, 1869.
Hon. A. E. Borie, Secretary of the Navy.
Sir — I have the honor to enclose herewith, original and certified copies of a correspondence which I have had with Admiral D. G. Farragut, relating to the battle below New Orleans, and to request that the letters marked from A to E, be placed on the files of the Navy Department, as furnishing a correction of that officer's report, with an accompanying diagram heretofore made to the Department.

The object of my addressing Admiral Farragut is now gained by the admission on his part of the correctness of my statements, that the fleet under his command went up the Mississippi River to attack and pass Forts Jackson and St. Philip, in order of battle, “line ahead,” or single file; that I led the fleet into the battle at the head of, and in command of the vanguard division; and that the Hartford, flag-ship, with Admiral Farragut on board, followed my division, he being thus ninth in line, and at the head of the rest of the fleet in the order represented by the list of vessels which I hereto annex. After this frank admission by my distinguished commander, I have only the regret remaining, that the error into which he was led was not discovered and corrected at an earlier date, thereby possibly affecting my position in the service.

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant,

Theodorus Bailey, Rear-Admiral, U. S. Navy.


Vessels and officers engaged in the capture of New Orleans.

Flag-Officer David G. Farragut, Commander-in-Chief.

Captain T. Bailey, commanding First Division.

Captain H. H. Bell, commanding Second Division.

Commander David D. Porter, commanding Mortar Flotilla.

Steamer Brooklyn.

Captain, Thomas T. Craven; Lieutenants, R. B. Lowry and James O'Kane; Acting-Masters, George Dewhurst, W. C. Gibbs, J. C. Spofford and Lyman Wells; Midshipmen, John R. Bartlett and H. T. Grafton; Surgeon, Samuel Jackson; Assistant Surgeon, J. S. Knight; Paymaster, C. W. Abbott; First-Lieutenant, James Forney, U. S. M. C.; First-Assistant Engineer, Benj. E. Chassaing; Second-Assistant-Engineers, James Atkins and A. V. Fraser, Jr.; Third-Assistant Engineers, C. F. Mayer, B. D. Clemens, J. L. Bright and Jos. Morgan; Acting-Masters' Mates, R. Beardsley, H. Bartlett, James Buck and H. C. Leslie; Boatswain, J. A. Selmer; Gunner, William Yates; Carpenter, W. D. Toy; Sailmaker, J. Stevens.

Steamer Cayuga.

Lieutenant-Commander, N. B. Harrison; Lieutenant, George H. Perkins; Acting-Masters, John Hanson and E. D. Percy; Assistant Surgeon, Edw. S. Bogert; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, G. W. Whiffin; Second-Assistant Engineer, J. M. Harris; Third-Assistant Engineers, J. W. Sydney, J. C. Chaffee and Ralph Aston; Acting-Masters' Mate, W. W. Patten.

Steamer Clifton

Acting-Lieutenant, C. H. Baldwin; Acting-Masters, E. A. Howell, Robert Rhodes and P. S. Weeks; Midshipmen, H. T. French and H. B. Rumsey; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, D. D. T. Nestell; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, J. H. Carels; Acting-Second-Assistant Engineer, James A. Fox; Acting-Third Assistant Engineer, Samuel Vallum; Acting-Masters' Mate, Charles Albert, L. Cannon, David Harvey and W. W. Wells.

Steamer Hartford (Flag-ship).

Commander, Richard Wainwright; Lieutenants, J. S. Thornton, Albert Kautz, J. C. Watson and D. S. Murphy; Acting-Master, T. L. Petersen; Acting-Ensign, E. J. Allen; Midshipmen, H. B. Tyson, J. H. Read, E. C. Hazeltine and H. J. Blake; Fleet Surgeon, J. M. Foltz; Assistant Surgeon, Joseph Hugg; Paymaster, George Plunkett; Captain of Marines, J. L. Broome; Chief Engineer, J. B. Kimball; Second-Assistant Engineers, E. B. Latch, W. W. Hopper and F. A. Wilson; Third-Assistant Engineers Isaac De Graff, C. M. Burchard, A. K. Fulton, H. H. Pilkington and W. H. Gamble; Acting-Master's Mates, H. H. Judson, C. H. Loundsberry, T. Mason and J. M. Smalley; Boatswain, James Walker; Gunner, John Duncan; Carpenter, J. H. Conley; Sailmaker, J. A. Holbrook.

Steamer Harriet Lane.

Commander, J. M. Wainwright; Lieutenant, Edward Lea; Acting-Masters, J. A. Hannum, C. H. Hamilton and W. F. Monroe; Assistant Surgeon, T. N. Penrose; Assistant Paymaster, J. J. Richardson; Second-Assistant Engineers, W. H. Plunkett and C. H. Stone; Third-Assistant Engineers, J. E. Cooper, R. N. Ellis and A. T. E. Mullen; Acting-Masters' Mate, C. M. Davis.

Steamer Iroquois.

Commander, John De Camp; Lieutenants, D. B. Harmony and Fred. V. McNair, Acting-Ensign, C. F. Willard Midshipman, John McFarland; Surgeon, Benj. Vreeland; Paymaster, R. H. Clark; First-Assistant Engineers, John H. Long and B. C. Bampton; Second-Assistant Engineers, E. S. Boynton and F. K. Haine; Third-Assistant Engineer, J. H. Hunt; Gunner, J. L. Staples; Carpenter, John A. Dixon.

Steamer Itasca.

Lieutenant-Commander, C. H. B. Caldwell; Actting-Masters, Edward Jones, Amos Johnson and S. Nickerson; Assistant Surgeon, Heber Smith; Assistant Paymaster, A. J. Pritchard-Second-Assistant Engineer, J. H. Morrison; Third-Assistant Engineers, T. M. Jones, John Borthwick and E. A. Magee; Acting-Masters' Mates, N. Alexander and W. E. Bridges.

Steamer John P. Jackson.

Acting-Lieutenant-Commander, S. E. Woodworth; Acting-Masters, M. B. Crowell, J. F. Dearborn, Wm. Hedger and James Scannell; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, T. S. Yard; Acting-Second-Assistant Engineer, J. B. Morgan; Acting-Third-Assistant Engineers, James Barnes, J. D. Caldwell and Samuel Strade; Acting-Masters' Mates, W. H. Howard, W. J. B. Lawrence and J. Murphy.


Steamer Kennebec.

Lieutenant-Commander, John H. Russell; Lieutenant, F. B. Blake; Acting-Masters, Wm. Brooks and H. C. Wade; Assistant-Surgeon, C. H. Perry; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, C. L. Burnett; Second-Assistant Engineer, H. W. Fitch; Third-Assistant Engineers, B. G. Gowing, E. E. Roberts and L. W. Robinson; Acting-Masters' Mates, J. D. Ellis, J. W. Merriman, J. W. Page and H. E. Tinkham.

Steamer Kineo.

Lieutenant-Commander, Geo. M. Ransom; Acting-Masters, Oliver Colbourn and John Whitmore; Assistant Surgeon, O. S. Oberly; Second-Assistant Engineer, S. W. Cragg; Third-Assistant Engineers, C. F. Hollingsworth, C. J. McConnell and James Manghlin; Acting-Masters' Mates, John Bartol, W. H. Davis, G. A. Faunce and W. S. Keen.

Steamer Katahdin.

Commander, George H. Preble; Lieutenant, Nathaniel Green; Acting-Masters, George Harris and W. H. Pollup; Assistant Surgeon, S. Robinson; Second-Assistant Engineer, T. M. Dukehart; Third-Assistant Engineers, Wm. J. Reid, W. W. Heaton and John McIntyre; Acting-Masters' Mates, A. Hartshorn, Geo. Leonard, J. W. Thode and A. Whiting.

Steamer Mississippi.

Commander, Melancton Smith; Lieutenants, Thos. McK. Buchanan and George Dewey; Acting-Masters, C. T. Chase, F. E. Ellis, F. T. King and George Munday; Midshipmen, Albert S. Barker and E. T. Woodward; Surgeon, R. T. Maccoun; Assistant Surgeon, J. W. Shively; Paymaster, T. M. Taylor; Chief Engineer, E. Lawton; Captain of Marines, P. H. W. Fontane; First-Assistant Engineer, Wm. H. Hunt; Second-Assistant Engineer, J. Cox Hull; Third-Assistant Engineer, F. G. McKean; Acting-Masters' Mates, R. C. Bostwick, H. B. Francis and M. Porter: Boatswain, Jos. Lewis: Gunner, Wm. Cope; Carpenter, John Green.

Steamer Miami.

Lieutenant-Commander, A. D. Harrell; Acting-Masters, John Lear, M. Rodgers and W. N. Wells; Assistant Surgeon, Wm. B. Mann; Chief Engineer, J. F. Lambdin; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, W. H. Sells; Acting-Second-Assistant Engineer, L. W. Simmonds; Third-Assistant Engineers, H. D. Heiser, C. C. Davis and Guy Sampson; Acting-Masters' Mates, Robert Roundtree and R. E. Stevens.

Steamer Oneida.

Commander, S. P. Lee; Lieutenant, S. F. Brown; Acting-Masters, Thomas Edwards, Pierre Giraud and Elijah Ross; Midshipmen, G. W. Wood and F. J. Naile; Surgeon, John Y. Taylor; Paymaster, C. W. Hassler; Chief Engineer F. C. Dade; Second-Assistant Engineers, H. McMurtrie and R. H. Fitch; Third-Assistant Engineers, W. D. Mcllvaine, A. S. Brower, G. W. Stivers and R. M. Hodgson; Acting-Masters' Mates, Edw. Bird and Daniel Clark; Boatswain, James Herold; Gunner, Wm. Parker.

Steamer Owasco.

Lieutenant-Commander, John Guest; Lieutenant, Chester Hatfield; Acting-Masters, T. D. Dabb and D. P. Heath; Assistant Surgeon, W. M. Leavitt; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, Richard Beardsley; Second-Assistant Engineer, W. K. Purse; Third-Assistant Engineers, J. A. Scott, C. H. Greenleaf and D. B. Egbert; Acting-Masters' Mates, W. M. Tomlinson and John Utter.

Steamer Pensacola.

Captain, Henry W. Morris; Lieutenants, F. A. Roe, Jas. Stillwell and C. E. McKay; Acting-Masters, Edw. Herrick, G. C. Shultze and E. C. Weeks; Acting-Ensign, A. H. Reynolds; Surgeon J. W. Taylor; Assistant-Surgeon, W. B. Dick; Paymaster, G. L. Davis; Chief Engineer, S. D. Hibbert; Second-Assistant Engineers, S. L. P. Ayres and C. H. Ball; Third-Assistant Engineers, J. L. Vanclain, G. W. Magee, J. T. Hawkins, F. G. Smith, Jr., and J. C. Huntly; First-Lieutenant of Marines, J. C. Harris; Acting-Masters' Mates, Chas, Gainsford, Jos. Kent, L. Richards and G. A. Storm; Boatswain, N. Goodrich; Gunner, D. A. Roe; Carpenter, J. E. Cox; Sailmaker, Charles Lawrence.

Sloop-of-war Portsmouth.

Commander, Samuel Swartwout; Lieutenant, F. O. Davenport; Acting-Masters, W. G. Mitchell, E. A. Terrill and A. A. Ward; Midshipman, Walter Abbott; Surgeon, J. S. Dungan; Assistant Surgeon, H. M. Wells; Assistant Paymaster, Casper Schenck; First-Lieutenant of Marines, Wm. H. Hale; Gunner, T. S. Cassidy; Carpenter, John Shannon; Sailmaker, N. J. Hayden; Acting-Masters' Mate, S. S. Beck.

Steamer Pinola.

Lieutenant-Commander, Pierce Crosby; Lieutenant, A. P. Cooke; Acting-Masters, W. P. Gibbs and J. G. Lloyd; Assistant Surgeon, L. M. Lyon; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, C. S. Warren; First-Assistant Engineer, John Johnson; Third-Assistant Engineers, P. A. Sassae, Wm. F. Law and J. Everding; Acting-Masters' Mates, C. V. Rummell and W. E. White.

Steamer Richmond.

Commander, James Alden; Lieutenants, A. B. Cummings and Edward Terry; Acting-Volunteer-Lieutenant, T. F. Wade; Acting-Masters, C. J. Gibbs and F. S. Hill; Acting-Ensign, H. F. Moffatt; Surgeon, A. A. Henderson; Assistant Surgeon, J. D. Murphy; Paymaster, George F. Cutter; Captain of Marines, Alan Ramsey; Chief Engineer, J. W. Moore; First-Assistant Engineer, Eben Hoyt; Second-Assistant Engineer, J. L. Butler; Third-Assistant Engineers, A. W. Morley, G. W. W. Dove, R. B. Plotts and C. E. Emery; Acting-Master's Mate, J. R. Howell; Boatswain, J. L. Choate; Gunner, James Thayer; Carpenter, H. L. Dixon; Sailmaker, H. T. Stocker.

Steamer Sciota.

Lieutenant Commanding, Edw. Donaldson; Acting-Masters, G. P. Foster and A. McFarland; Assistant Surgeon, G. H. E. Baumgarten; Second-Assistant Engineer, C. E. De Valin; Third-Assistant Engineers, H. M. Quig, A. H. Price and Edward Curtis; Acting-Masters' Mates, John Staples and G. O. Taylor.

Steamer Sachem.

Acting-Masters, L. G. Crane and Robert Tarr; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, G. H. Van Deusen; Acting-Third-Assistant Engineer, P. P. Staat; Acting-Masters' Mate, W. L. Pavy.


Steamer Varuna.

Commander, Chas. S. Boggs; Lieutenant, C. H. Swasey; Acting-Masters, J. D. Childs and Ezra Leonard; Acting-Masters' Mates, S. H. Bevins and H. D. Foster; Gunner, T. H. Fortune.

Steamer Winona.

Commander, Edward T. Nichols; Lieutenant, John G. Walker; Acting-Masters, Chas. Hallett and Felix McCurley; Acting-Ensign, Wm. F. Hunt; Assistant Surgeon, A. Mathewson; Paymaster, H. M. Denniston; Second-Assistant Engineers, John Purdy, Jr., and Joseph Watters; Third-Assistant Engineers, Edward Gay and R. L. Wamaling; Acting-Masters' Mates, F. H. Beers and H. T. Burdett.

Steamer Westfield.

Commander, Wm. B. Renshaw; Acting-Masters, W. L. Babcock, F. C. Miller, L. D. Smalley and Gustav Vasallo; Midshipman, C. W. Zimmerman; Acting-Assistant Surgeon, E. H. Allis; Acting-Assistant Paymaster, C. C. Walden; Acting-Second-Assistant Engineer, Wm. R. Green; Acting-Third-Assistant Engineers, G. S. Baker, Chas. W. Smith and John Van Hogan; Acting-Masters' Mate, J. P. Arnett.

Steamer Wissahickon.

Lieutenant Commanding, A. N. Smith.

Mortar flotilla.

First division.

Lieutenant Watson Smith, Commanding Division.

Schooner Norfolk Packet.--Lieutenant Watson Smith.

Schooner Oliver H. Lee.--Acting-Master Wash. Godfrey.

Schooner Para.--Acting-Master Edward G. Furber.

Schooner C. P. Williams.--Acting-Master A. R. Langthorne.

Schooner Arletta.--Acting-Master Thomas E. Smith.

Schooner William Bacon.--Acting-Master Wm. R. Rogers.

Schooner Sophronia.--Acting-Master Lyman Bartholomew.

Second division.

Lieutenant W. W. Queen, Commanding Division.

Schooner T. A. Ward.--Lieutenant W. W. Queen.

Schooner “M. T. Carlton.” --Acting-Master Chas. E. Jack.

Schooner Matthew Vassar.--Acting-Master Hugh H. Savage.

Schooner George Mangham.--Acting-Master John Collins.

Schooner Orvetta.--Acting-Master Francis E. Blanchard.

Schooner Sydney C. Jones.--Acting-Master J. D. Graham.

Schooner Adolph Hugel.--Acting-Master J. Van Buskirk.

Third division.

Lieutenant K. R. Breese, Commanding Division.

Barkentine Horace Beals.--Lieutenant K. R. Breese.

Schooner John Griffith.--Acting-Master Henry Brown.

Schooner Sarah Bruen.--Acting-Master Abraham Christian.

Schooner Racer.--Acting-Master Alvin Phinney.

Brig Sea Foam.--Acting-Master Henry E. Williams.

Schooner Henry James.--Acting-Master L. W. Pennington.

Schooner Dan Smith.--Acting-Master George W. Brown.

List of officers attached to the mortar flotilla and West Gulf Squadron, the names of whose vessels do not appear in the Navy Register.

Mortar flotilla.

Acting-Master, A. M. Gould. Acting-Master's Mate, D. B. Corey.
Acting-Master, Newell Graham. Acting-Master's Mate, Wm. Collins.
Acting-Master, J. H. Johnstone. Acting-Master's Mate, J. A. Chadwick.
Acting-Master, H. B. Jenks. Acting-Master's Mate, G. R. Clifton.
Acting-Master, E. C. Merriman. Acting-Master's Mate, J. W. Comer.
Midshipman, N. W. Thomas. Acting-Master's Mate, William Dade.
Midshipman, George W. Sumner. Acting-Master's Mate, Peter Decker.
Assistant Surgeon, A. B. Judson. Acting-Master's Mate, George Drain.
Assistant Surgeon, Robert T. Edes. Acting-Master's Mate, L. E. Daggett.
Assistant Surgeon, A. A. Hoehling. Acting-Master's Mate, A. Felix.
Assistant Paymaster, Clifton Hellen. Acting-Master's Mate, E. Gabrielson.
Assistant Paymaster, H. M. Hanna. Acting-Master's Mate, D. H. Griswold.
Acting-Master's Mate, August Adler. Acting-Master's Mate, William Hatch.
Acting-Master's Mate, E. O. Adams. Acting-Master's Mate, J. S. Hyde.
Acting-Master's Mate, T. H. Baker. Acting-Master's Mate, T. G. Hall.
Acting-Master's Mate, James Baker. Acting-Master's Mate, J. B. Johnson.
Acting-Master's Mate, J. H. Butler. Acting-Master's Mate, G. W. Lane.
Acting-Master's Mate, John Bath. Acting-Master's Mate, Anthony Loper.
Acting-Master's Mate, J. W. Cortelyou. Acting-Master's Mate, Thomas Levindsell.
Acting-Master's Mate, R. M. Clark. Acting-Master's Mate, Thomas McEllmell.


West Gulf Squadron.

Acting-Master's L. A. Brown. Assistant Surgeon, C. S. Giberson.
Acting-Master, W. H. Churchill. Third-Assistant Engineer, John D. Ford.
Acting-Master, D. H. Hayden. Third-Assistant Engineer, J. E. Speights.
Acting-Master R. L. Kelley. Third-Assistant Engineer, J. F. Walton.
Acting-Master, W. M. Stannard. Acting-First-Assistant Engineer, David Fraser.
Acting-Master, George Wiggin. Acting-Second-Assistant Engineer George L. Harris.
Acting-Master, O B. Warren. Acting-Third-Assistant Engineer, Samuel Robinson.
Assistant Surgeon, John H. Clark. Acting-Master's Mate, F. G. Lowe.
Assistant Surgeon, Wm. B. Gibson. Acting-Master's Mate, S. H. Johnson.
Assistant Surgeon, W. F. Terry. Acting-Master's Mate, Oscar Peck.
Assistant Surgeon, C. J. S. Wells. Acting-Master's Mate, George Taylor.

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