previous next


A New England State, is bounded on the north by the province of Quebec, east by New Hampshire, south by Massachusetts, and west by New York and Lake Champlain. It lies between 42° 44′ to 45° 43′ N. lat., and 71° 38′ to 73° 25′ W. long. Area, 9,565 square miles, in fourteen counties. Population, 1890, 332,422; 1900, 343,641. Capital, Montpelier.

Samuel de Champlain explores the lake bearing his name......1609

About 44,000 acres in southern Vermont, granted to the colony of Connecticut, in 1715, as an equivalent for lands granted by Massachusetts in Connecticut territory, transferred to William Dummer, Anthony Stoddard, William Brattle, and John White......1716

Fort Dummer built by the colony of Massachusetts on the Connecticut River at Brattleboro......1724

French settle at Chimney Point, Addison township, Vt......1730

Township Number One, now Westminster, laid out between the great falls and the land grant of 1716, by the General Court of Massachusetts......Nov. 19, 1736

Grant of Walloomsac, 1,200 acres mostly in New York, but extending into the township of Bennington......1739

Governor Wentworth, of New Hampshire, makes a grant of Bennington......1749

Bennington settled......1761

Proclamation by Lieutenant-Governor Colden, of New York, claiming the territory west of the Connecticut, now Vermont, under grants from Charles II. to the Duke of York, and ordering the sheriff to return the names of those who had settled on it under titles from New Hampshire......Dec. 28, 1763

[This claim was not settled until 1790.]

Northern boundary of Vermont fixed at lat. 45° N......1763

Governor Wentworth, after granting about 130 townships west of the Connecticut, proclaims the claims of New York obsolete, and jurisdiction belongs to New Hampshire......March 13, 1764

New York appeals to the King, who decides the Connecticut River to be the eastern boundary of New York......July 20, 1764

Lieutenant-Governor Colden proclaims Vermont annexed to New York......April 10, 1765

First New York patent for lands in Vermont, under Colden's proclamation, for 26,000 acres, called Princetown, in the valley of the Battenkill, between Arlington and Dorset......May 21, 1765

Samuel Robinson, appointed by 1,000 settlers under the New Hampshire grants to present their petition to the King, sails from New York for England......Dec. 25, 1766

King George III. forbids New York, until authorized, to grant land in Vermont......July 24, 1767

Lieutenant-Governor Colden disregards the order, and between September, 1769, and October, 1770, grants 600,000 acres......1769-70

New-Yorkers, claiming the farm of James Breakenridge in the township of Bennington (part of the Walloomsac grant of 1739), send commissioners and surveyors who are dispersed by friends of Breakenridge......Oct. 19, 1769

Ejectment suits for lands claimed by New York at Albany are decided against settlers under New Hampshire grants......June, 1770

Sheriff Ten Eyck, with a posse of about 300 citizens of Albany, attempts to take Breakenridge's farm for New York claimants, but are driven off by armed settlers......July 19, 1771

Organization of the “Green Mountain boys” under command of Col. Ethan Allen, for opposing “the Yorkers” ......1771

Jehiel Hawley and James Breakenridge appointed by deputies of Bennington at Manchester, Oct. 21, to petition the King to confirm their grants from New Hampshire......Oct. 21, 1772

Green Mountain Boys visit Durham (Clarendon) twice, armed and with threats, to compel the inhabitants to acknowledge the New Hampshire title......October-November, 1773

Governor Tryon, of New York, by proclamation, commands Ethan Allen, Seth Warner, Remember Baker, Robert Cochran, Peleg Sunderland, Silvanus Brown, James Breakenridge, and John Smith [539] to surrender within thirty days, offering £ 150 for capture of Allen, and £ 50 each for capture of the others......March 9, 1774

Convention at Manchester resolves that whoever takes a commission of the peace from New York will be deemed an enemy to his country and the common cause......April 12-13, 1774

Benjamin Hough, an inhabitant of New Hampshire Grants, favoring New York, procures a commission as justice of the peace. He is found guilty of violating the resolution of April, 1774, publicly whipped, and sent to New York......Jan. 30, 1775

People, to resist the holding of court under royal authority at Westminster appointed for March 14, 1775, assemble at the court-house, March 13. A guard left during the night is fired upon by Sheriff Patterson and his posse a little before midnight, wounding ten, two mortally, and seven are taken prisoners. In the morning court is opened, but the judge and officers are imprisoned at Northampton by the mob......March 14, 1775

Ethan Allen, with eighty-three men, captures Fort Ticonderoga......May 10, 1775

Ethan Allen and thirty-eight men, captured in an attack on Montreal, sent in irons to England......Sept. 25, 1775

Convention of the New Hampshire grants at Dorset; fifty-six delegates from thirty-three towns, to form a separate State......Sept. 25, 1776

Convention at Westminster declares Vermont “a separate, free, and independent jurisdiction or State, as ‘New Connecticut,’ ” ......Jan. 17, 1777

Convention at Windsor names the State Vermont, adopts a constitution, and appoints a provisional council of safety for the State......July 2-8, 1777

British troops under Generals Fraser and Riedesel disperse the rear guard of St. Clair's army under Colonels Francis and Warner at Hubbardton......July 7, 1777

Council of Vermont appoints “commissioners of sequestration” to seize the property of “all persons in the State who had repaired to the enemy” ......July 28, 1777

Battle of Bennington; General Burgoyne sends about 1,000 German troops under Colonels Baume and Breyman to seize provisions at Bennington; they are routed by Americans under General Stark......Aug. 16, 1777

Legislature at Windsor divides the State into two counties: one east of the Green Mountains, called Cumberland, and another west, called Bennington......March 12, 1778

Stockade fort and block-house erected at Rutland......April, 1778

Col. Ethan Allen, prisoner of the British since 1775, exchanged, is welcomed to Bennington by a salute of fourteen guns, “one for young Vermont” ......May 31, 1778

Convention of towns on both sides of the Connecticut River, including eight from Vermont, at Cornish, N. H., proposes to form a State, with capital on the Connecticut......Dec. 9, 1778

Assembly of Vermont declares the union of 1778, with the sixteen towns east of the Connecticut, null and void......Feb. 12, 1779

Legislature of New York refers to Congress to determine equitably the controversy between New York and Vermont......Oct. 21, 1779

Town of Royalton attacked by 300 Indians from Canada; many buildings burned......Oct. 16, 1780

Massachusetts assents to the independence of Vermont......March, 1781

Towns east of the Connecticut annexed to Vermont at their request......April, 1781

Col. Ira Allen, commissioner to exchange prisoners with the British, reaches Ile aux Noix, a few miles north of the Canadian line, about May 8, and spends seventeen days in conference; a union of Vermont with the British is proposed, under instructions from General Haldimand, by encouraging which Allen effects an exchange of prisoners and cessation of hostilities on the border......May, 1781

Jonas Fay, Ira Allen, and Bazaleel Woodward sent by the legislature to represent the cause of Vermont to the Continental Congress......June 22, 1781

First newspaper in Vermont, the Vermont Gazette, or Green Mountain Postboy, printed at Westminster by Judah Paddock Spooner and Timothy Green......1781

Congress resolves that an indispensable preliminary to the admission of Vermont as a State should be the relinquishing of territory east of the Connecticut and west of the present New York State line, Aug. 20, 1781; the legislature dissolves its eastern and western unions......Feb. 22, 1782 [540]

Residents of Brattleboro, Guilford, and Halifax, in a petition prepared by Charles Phelps to Governor Clinton, of New York, complain of the Vermont government, and ask New York to assume jurisdiction over Windham county......April 30, 1782

Governor Chittenden commissions Gen. Ethan Allen, Sept. 2, to raise 250 volunteers, and march into Windham county as a posse comitatus to enforce Vermont laws. This force, doubled by volunteers from Windham county, arrests some twenty leaders of the rebellion, Charles Phelps escaping, Sept. 10; these leaders are tried at Westminster and banished from the State......Sept. 11, 1782

First school law; towns are empowered to form school districts and to elect trustees......Oct. 22, 1782

Legislature establishes post-offices and a postmaster-general; “the rates of postage to be the same as in the United States” ......1784

Grant to Reuben Harmon, Jr., of Rupert, of the exclusive privilege of coining copper for a limited period......1785

As provided by State constitution, the first council of censors meets and suggests changes in the constitution, and calls a convention......1785

Constitution framed by a convention, July 4, 1786, is adopted by the legislature and declared......March, 1787

Ethan Allen, born at Litchfield, Conn., Jan. 10, 1737, dies at Burlington......Feb. 12, 1789

New York consents to the admission of Vermont into the Union, renouncing her claims for $30,000, and the legislature of Vermont ratifies the agreement......Oct. 28, 1790

Vermont adopts the Constitution of the United States without amendments......Jan. 10, 1791

Vermont admitted by act of Congress of Feb. 18, to take effect......March 4, 1791

Constitutional convention meets at Windsor, July 4; completes its labors......July 9, 1793

Constitution of 1793 adopted by the legislature......Nov. 2, 1796

Gov. Thomas Chittenden resigns on account of failing health (1797), and dies at Williston......Aug. 25, 1797

University of Vermont and State agricultural school at Burlington, chartered 1791, opened......1800

Steamboat The Vermont launched at Burlington by John and James Winans......1809

Flag-ship Saratoga, of twenty-six guns, and several small vessels, built upon Otter Creek during the winter of 1813-14, under Thomas Macdonough, engage in the battle of Plattsburg and Lake Champlain; Americans victorious......Sept. 11, 1814

President James Monroe makes a tour through Vermont......1817

Norwich University founded at Norwich......1819

Resolutions of the Vermont legislature presented in the United States Senate, declaring slavery a moral and political evil, and that Congress has the right to prohibit its extension......Dec. 9, 1820

General Lafayette lays the corner-stone of the new university building at Burlington, to replace that destroyed by fire in 1824......June 29, 1825

Act for the establishment of common schools......1827

Anti-masonic governor, William A. Palmer, elected......1831

House of Representatives divided into a Senate and General Assembly......1836

Vermont asylum for the insane at Brattleboro, incorporated November, 1834, is opened......December, 1836

Legislature adopts anti-slavery resolutions......1837

State capitol at Montpelier completed......1837

Small band of Vermont patriots, organized on the Canada side of the Vermont line to invade the province, threatened by 1,600 or 1,700 Canadian troops,. decide to return to Vermont, but are compelled to surrender by General Wool......December, 1838

Marble first quarried at Rutland......1844

License law passed......1844

School fund abolished to pay the State debt......1845

First slate quarry in the State opened at Fairhaven......1845

Act providing State superintendent of common schools, with town superintendents and district committees......Nov. 5, 1845

Local option law passed......1846 [541]

Two brass field-pieces, captured at Bennington, given to Vermont by Congress......July 10, 1848

Jacob Collamer appointed Postmaster-General......March 8, 1849

Railroad jubilee at Burlington, celebrating the union of the lakes and the Atlantic by railroad through Vermont......June 25, 1850

Vermont State Teachers' Association organized......1850

Maine prohibition law passed......Dec. 20, 1852

State board of education established......1856

Capitol at Montpelier burned......Jan. 6, 1857

Personal liberty bill, “to secure freedom to all persons within the State,” passed......Nov. 25, 1858

Under the call of President Lincoln and Governor Fairbanks, April 15, the first Vermont regiment reaches New York City......May 10, 1861

Personal liberty bill of 1858 repealed as inconsistent with the Constitution of the United States......1861

Southern refugees in Canada, under Lieut. Bennett H. Young, rob the banks of St. Albans, escaping into Canada with over $200,000......Oct. 19, 1864

Norwich University removed to Northfield......1866

Vermont ratifies the Fourteenth Amendment......Nov. 9, 1866

Vermont ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment......Oct. 21, 1869

Gov. P. J. Washburn dies; Lieut.-Gov. W. Hendee succeeds......Feb. 7, 1870

Five hundred Fenians, marshalled and armed at Fairfield, invade Canada and are driven back by Canadian militia......May, 1870

State constitution amended: council of censors abolished; legislative sessions and State elections made biennial......1871

Board of education abolished and the office of State superintendent of education created......1874

State reform school at Waterbury destroyed by fire......Feb. 12, 1874

Celebration at Bennington of one-hundredth anniversary of the battle of Bennington......Aug. 15-16, 1877

Revision of State laws of Vermont under act of 1878 completed......1880

Manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors prohibited......1882

State soldiers' home located at Bennington......Feb. 5, 1887

One hundred thousand dollars appropriated for a State insane asylum at Waterbury......1888

State board of trade organized......1888

Redfield Proctor appointed Secretary of War......March 5, 1889

Australian ballot law passed at session......Oct. 1–Nov. 25, 1890

George F. Edmunds resigns from the United States Senate, to take effect Nov. 1......April 6, 1891

Ex-Gov. Paul Dillingham dies at Waterbury......July 26, 1891

Celebration of centennial of admission of Vermont into the Union and dedication of the battle monument (308 feet high) at Bennington......Aug. 19, 1891

Legislature called in special session concerning direct-tax money refunded by Congress......Aug. 25, 1891

Ex-Gov. John Gregory Smith dies at St. Albans......Nov. 6, 1891

Redfield Proctor appointed United States Senator, Aug. 25; qualifies......Dec. 7, 1891

Redfield Proctor elected United States Senator......Oct. 19, 1892

Justin S. Morrill dies at Washington, D. C......Dec. 28, 1898

Merchants' National Bank, Rutland. failed......March 26, 1900


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Vermont (Vermont, United States) (34)
Bennington, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (12)
New Hampshire (New Hampshire, United States) (9)
Canada (Canada) (7)
Westminster (Maryland, United States) (5)
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (5)
Burlington (Vermont, United States) (5)
Waterbury (Connecticut, United States) (3)
United States (United States) (3)
Rutland (Vermont, United States) (3)
Montpelier (Vermont, United States) (3)
Connecticut River (United States) (3)
Brattleboro (Vermont, United States) (3)
Windsor, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (2)
Windham, Conn. (Connecticut, United States) (2)
St. Albans, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (2)
Manchester, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (2)
England (United Kingdom) (2)
York, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (1)
Windsor, Conn. (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Windham county (Vermont, United States) (1)
Williston (Vermont, United States) (1)
Washington (United States) (1)
St. Clair, Mich. (Michigan, United States) (1)
Royalton (Vermont, United States) (1)
Quebec (Canada) (1)
Princeton, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (1)
Plattsburg (New York, United States) (1)
Oxford (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Otter Creek (Virginia, United States) (1)
Norwich (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Northfield, Mass. (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
Northampton (Massachusetts, United States) (1)
New York State (New York, United States) (1)
New England (United States) (1)
Montreal (Canada) (1)
Maine (Maine, United States) (1)
Litchfield, Conn. (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Hubbardton (Vermont, United States) (1)
Halifax (Canada) (1)
Fort Ticonderoga (New York, United States) (1)
Fairfield, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (1)
Dorset, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (1)
Cumberland (Maryland, United States) (1)
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (1)
Clarendon, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (1)
Chimney Point (Vermont, United States) (1)
Carmans River (New York, United States) (1)
Arlington (Vermont, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
March 14th, 1775 AD (2)
March 26th, 1900 AD (1)
1900 AD (1)
December 28th, 1898 AD (1)
October 19th, 1892 AD (1)
December 7th, 1891 AD (1)
November 6th, 1891 AD (1)
August 25th, 1891 AD (1)
August 19th, 1891 AD (1)
July 26th, 1891 AD (1)
April 6th, 1891 AD (1)
November 25th, 1890 AD (1)
1890 AD (1)
March 5th, 1889 AD (1)
February 5th, 1887 AD (1)
1878 AD (1)
August 16th, 1877 AD (1)
August 15th, 1877 AD (1)
February 12th, 1874 AD (1)
1871 AD (1)
May, 1870 AD (1)
February 7th, 1870 AD (1)
October 21st, 1869 AD (1)
November 9th, 1866 AD (1)
October 19th, 1864 AD (1)
May 10th, 1861 AD (1)
November 25th, 1858 AD (1)
1858 AD (1)
January 6th, 1857 AD (1)
December 20th, 1852 AD (1)
June 25th, 1850 AD (1)
March 8th, 1849 AD (1)
July 10th, 1848 AD (1)
1846 AD (1)
November 5th, 1845 AD (1)
December, 1838 AD (1)
December, 1836 AD (1)
November, 1834 AD (1)
June 29th, 1825 AD (1)
1824 AD (1)
December 9th, 1820 AD (1)
September 11th, 1814 AD (1)
1814 AD (1)
1813 AD (1)
August 25th, 1797 AD (1)
1797 AD (1)
November 2nd, 1796 AD (1)
July 9th, 1793 AD (1)
1793 AD (1)
March 4th, 1791 AD (1)
January 10th, 1791 AD (1)
1791 AD (1)
October 28th, 1790 AD (1)
1790 AD (1)
February 12th, 1789 AD (1)
March, 1787 AD (1)
July 4th, 1786 AD (1)
October 22nd, 1782 AD (1)
September 11th, 1782 AD (1)
April 30th, 1782 AD (1)
February 22nd, 1782 AD (1)
August 20th, 1781 AD (1)
June 22nd, 1781 AD (1)
May, 1781 AD (1)
April, 1781 AD (1)
March, 1781 AD (1)
October 16th, 1780 AD (1)
October 21st, 1779 AD (1)
February 12th, 1779 AD (1)
December 9th, 1778 AD (1)
May 31st, 1778 AD (1)
April, 1778 AD (1)
March 12th, 1778 AD (1)
1778 AD (1)
August 16th, 1777 AD (1)
July 28th, 1777 AD (1)
July 8th, 1777 AD (1)
July 7th, 1777 AD (1)
July 2nd, 1777 AD (1)
January 17th, 1777 AD (1)
September 25th, 1776 AD (1)
September 25th, 1775 AD (1)
May 10th, 1775 AD (1)
January 30th, 1775 AD (1)
1775 AD (1)
April 13th, 1774 AD (1)
April 12th, 1774 AD (1)
April, 1774 AD (1)
March 9th, 1774 AD (1)
November, 1773 AD (1)
October 21st, 1772 AD (1)
July 19th, 1771 AD (1)
October, 1770 AD (1)
June, 1770 AD (1)
1770 AD (1)
October 19th, 1769 AD (1)
September, 1769 AD (1)
1769 AD (1)
July 24th, 1767 AD (1)
December 25th, 1766 AD (1)
May 21st, 1765 AD (1)
April 10th, 1765 AD (1)
July 20th, 1764 AD (1)
March 13th, 1764 AD (1)
December 28th, 1763 AD (1)
1739 AD (1)
January 10th, 1737 AD (1)
November 19th, 1736 AD (1)
1716 AD (1)
1715 AD (1)
November 1st (1)
October 21st (1)
October 1st (1)
October (1)
September 10th (1)
September 2nd (1)
August 25th (1)
July 4th (1)
May 8th (1)
April 15th (1)
March 13th (1)
February 18th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: