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European news.

By the arrival of the Asia at New York, on the 15th, we have the following European news:

Paris, Feb. 2.--The Independence Beige asserts that "the Southern Commissioners have informed the English Government that in return for a recognition of the Southern Confederacy they would establish most absolute free trade for 50 years; abolish the external slave traffic, and emancipate all the blacks born after the recognition."--These offers, however, will — not determine Lord Palmerston to abandon his policy of neutrality.

London, Feb. 2--The proposition of Mr. Gregory, for the recognition of the South, will be discussed soon after the opening of the British Parliament. An interesting and exciting debate, and the rejection of the proposals, is expected.

Bombay, Jan. 13.--The exportation of saltpetre from India, except to British ports, has been prohibited.

A latter from Earl Russell to the Admiralty, prohibiting the use of British ports to either of the American belligerents, is published. The Port of Nassau and other ports where vessels are driven in by stress of weather, provisions may supplied, but only such quantity of course as may be sufficient to take the vessel to the nearest port in their own country; no second supply is to be allowed to the same vessel in the same port within a period of three months. It is presumed that will stop the proceedings of the Tuscarora and Nashville at Southampton.

It is rumored that, under a pressure from American shipmaster at Marseilles, the American Consul, at that port, had sent a request for the Tuscarora to go to the Mediterranean for protection of American-vessels against the Sumter, which continued at Gibraltar at the latest dates. There is no confirmation of her reported naval engagement with another vessel.

It is believed that the rebel steamer Nashville has been ordered to quit Southampton.

At the annual meeting of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce the American question claimed great attention. Strict neutrality as the policy of England was generally and strongly urged. A proposition that the Chamber should open a conference with the New York Chamber of Commerce in the interests' of peace, met with approval.

Respect the blockade.

Mr. Barnes, member of Parliament for Bolton, in addressing his constituents, protested on commercial and political grounds against the breaking of the American blockade, and strongly urged that the surest way of permanently benefiting the cotton trade was to turn every attention towards the development of the resources of India.

The Privateer Sumter.

The Paris correspondent of the London Herald says:‘ "Letters from Marseilles state that the utmost consternation prevails among the American shipmasters in that harbor, ever since the presence of the Sumter in the Mediterranean has been ascertained. I hear an attempt has been made to induce the French Government to grant a convoy, and that the American Consul is said to have written to the captain of the Tuscarora, requesting him to take his ship to the Mediterranean as soon as possible."’

What the Merchants say.

At the annual meeting of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, the American question — more particularly as it affects the supply of cotton — was debated at length, and a policy of strict neutrality on the part of England was very generally urged by the speakers. A proposition that the Chamber should open a conference with the New York Chamber of Commerce, with a view to seeing how far the influence of the commercial world could be brought to bear upon, and put an end to the melancholy strife, was brought forward and approved of.


The comments of the French press on the Emperor's speech are generally favorable — Of the American portion of the speech, the Sickle says:

‘ "Contrary to what several journals endeavor to accredit, the Emperor declares himself very clearly in favor of neutrality in the American dispute. So long as the rights of neutrals shall be respected, France will remain a spectators of that civil war, which we trust will finish by an approaching victory of the North over the revolted South. We have expressed too often our hopes in favor of the Northern States of America to render it necessary to return at present to that question."

’ The Opinion Nationale, after quoting the Emperor's words relative to America, says:

‘ "This significant phrase, of which we are most happy to take note, shows that the intervention talked of by certain French journals is a mere chimera, and fully justifies the system of neutrality which we have always advocated."

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