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which deduct the effective total turned over to me by General Johnston on the 18th July, and I shall finally arrive at his entire loss during the campaign. The Ar report was made under General Johnston, and signed by General Hood. On the 18th of July the command was turned over to General Hood. He estimates the force turned over to me on the 18th of July, eight days after this return, at fifty thousand six hundred and twenty-seven (50,627) effectives, assuming that no losses occurred from the 10th to the 18th of July. The last eight days General Johnston commanded the Army. This supposition is not reasonable, since eight thousand and twentyone (8re, I estimated the number of the Army of Tennessee turned over to me on the 18th of July at forty-eight thousand seven hundred and fifty (48,750), which estimate I aumed estimate of Major Falconer at the time, as no return was made up on the 18th of July. Having established the strength of the Army to have been over seventy th
ston, at least until the fate of Atlanta should be decided. That was the substance; I cannot remember the language. An answer was received that afternoon from the President, declining to comply with our request or suggestion, on the ground that the order having been issued, it would do more harm than good to recall or suspend it. * * * Very sincerely yours, Alex. P. Stewart, Late Lieutenant General C. S. Army. The President's answer to our telegram was as follows: Richmond, July 18th, I864. to Generals Hood, Hardee and Stewart. Your telegram of this date received. A change of commanders, under existing circumstances, was regarded as so objectionable that I only accepted it as the alternative of continuing a policy which has proven disastrous. Reluctance to make the change induced me to send a telegram of inquiry to the Commanding General on the i6th inst. His reply but confirmed previous apprehensions. There can be but one question which you and I can entertain
ht at Atlanta after our inglorious campaign, the abandonment of the mountain fastnesses, and the foreshadowed intention of our commander to fall back to Macon? I shall now glance at his two plans for the defence of Atlanta, one of which was to insure the security of that city forever. By his first plan, he hoped to attack the enemy as they crossed Peach Tree creek. Within thirty-six hours, almost before he had time to select quarters in Macon after his departure on the evening of the 18th of July, General Thomas was crossing Peach Tree creek, whilst McPherson and Schofield were moving to destroy the railroad to Augusta. General Johnston evidently had little faith in this plan, since he was unwilling to await thirty-six hours to test its feasibility. By his second, and, far more promising plan, as he designates it, he intended to man the works of Atlanta, on the side towards Peach Tree creek, with the Georgia State troops; and. upon the approach of the enemy, to attack with the
id not know where they were posted, when General Johnston disappeared so unexpectedly and left me in this critical position. Not till I read Sherman's Memoirs, was I aware of McPherson's so close proximity to Atlanta at an early hour on the 18th of July. In truth, a few enterprising scouts thrown out that afternoon from his columns, in the direction of the Macon Railroad might have captured my predecessor on his retreat to Macon. Sherman says (vol. II, pages 71, 72): On the 18th all is condition of affairs accounts for the circumstance, which must seem strange to military men, that at this late date I am apprised for the first time, and through Sherman's Memoirs, of the presence of the enemy's left wing, at 2 p. m. on the 18th of July, upon the railroad leading to Augusta. It must seem equally strange that, if I was regarded as chief in command, this important movement was not made known to me at headquarters by our cavalry, which was, generally, very prompt in reporting a
ector of the Army, a statement of the total number of killed and wounded from July 18th to September 1st; in other words, from the day I assumed command to the evacu General Johnston commanded from the commencement of the campaign until the 18th of July, when he was relieved from duty, and General Hood assigned to the command ofiod of the campaign when the Army was commanded by General Hood, viz., from July the 18th to September 1st, 1864, when it ended, and the Army was then prepared for t report was made under General Johnston, and signed by General Hood. On the 18th of July the command was turned over to General Hood. The first return thereafter wato me fifty thousand six hundred and twenty-seven (50,627) effectives on the 18th of July (as shown in Colonel Falconer's report), for the reason that he had this numwill, in this instance grant, for the sake of argument, that my force on the 18th of July was fifty thousand six hundred and twenty-seven (50,627) effectives. On t
rt of Lieutenant General Stewart, of operations under General Hood. headquarters, Stewart's Corps, A. Of T. Near Tupelo, Miss., January 12th, 1865. Col. A. P. Mason, A. A. General Sir:--In compliance with the wishes of the Commanding General, I submit the following brief report of the operations of this corps from July 18th, 1864, the day on which General Hood took command of the Army of Tennessee, to September 29th, 1864, the day on which we re-crossed the Chattahoochee. On the 18th of July we lay in bivouac on the south side of Peach Tree creek, between the Marietta and Pace's Ferry road. On that or the following day we commenced entrenching, the enemy having crossed the Chattahoochee, and advanced, on Sunday, the 17th, to the vicinity of Peach Tree creek. This corps was on the left, Hardee's in the centre, Cheatham's, formerly Hood's, on the right of the Army. On the morning of the 20th it was decided at Army headquarters that at I o'clock, p.m. that day an attack shoul