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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 133 BC or search for 133 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scae'vola, Mu'cius 5. P. Mucius Scaevola, was probably the son of P. Mucius Scaevola [No. 3]. Publius Mucius, Manilius, and Brutus, are called by Pomponius (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. 2.9) the founders of the Jus Civile. Publius was tribunus plebis, B. C. 141, in which year he brought L. Hostilius Tubulus to trial for mal-administration as praetor (Rein, Criminalrecht der K├Âmer, p. 602): he was praetor urbanus in B. C. 136. In B. C. 133, Publius was consul with L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, the year in which Tib. Gracchus lost his life. In B. C. 131, he succeeded his brother Mucianus [MUCIANUS] as Pontifex Maximus. Plutarch (Tib. Gracchus, 100.9) says, that Tib. Gracchus consulted P. Scaevola about the provisions of his Agrarian Law. When Tiberius was a candidate for a second tribuneship, and the opposite faction had resolved to put him down, Scipio Nasica in the senate " entreated the consul (Mucius) to protect the state, and put down the tyrant. The consul, however, answered mildly, that he wo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scae'vola, Mu'cius 7. Q. Mucius Scaevola, was the son of Publius, consul, B. C. 133, and pontifex maximus (Cic. Off. 1.32, 3.15), and an example whom Cicero quotes, of a son who aimed at excellence in that which had given his fattier distinction. He was tribunus plebis in B. C. 106, the year in which Cicero was born, aedilis curulis in B. C. 104, and consul in B. C. 95, with L. Licinius Crassus, the orator, as his colleague. In their consulate was enacted the Lex Mucia Licinia de Civitate (Cic. Off. 3.11), a measure which appears to have contributed to bring on the Marsic or Social War. After his consulship Scaevola was the governor (proconsul) of the province Asia, in which capacity he gained the esteem of the people who were under his government; and, to show their gratitude, the Greeks of Asia instituted a festival day (dies Mucia) to commemorate the virtues of their governor (comp. Valer. Max. 8.15). Subsequently he was made pontifex maximus, by which title he is often distinguis
he army, which had become almost disorganised by sensual indulgences. After bringing the troops into an efficient condition by his severe and energetic measures, he laid siege to Numantia, which wa s defended by its inhabitants with the same courage and perseverance which has pre-eminently distinguished the Spaniards in all ages in defence of their walled towns. It was not till they had suffered the most dreadful extremities of famine that they surrendered the place in the following year, B. C. 133. Fifty of the principal inhabitants were selected to adorn Scipio's triumph, the rest were sold as slaves, and the town was levelled to the ground. He now received the surname of Numantinus in addition to that of Africanus. While Scipio was employed in the reduction of Numantia, Rome was convulsed by the disturbances consequent upon the measures proposed by Tib. Gracchus in his tribunate, and which ended in the murder of the latter. Although Scipio was married to Sempronia, the sister of t
s Brutus. In consequence of the severity with which he and his colleague conducted the levy of troops, they were thrown into prison by C. Curiatius, the tribune of the plebs. It was this Curiatius who gave Nasica the nick-name of Serapio, from his resemblance to a dealer in sacrificial animals, or some other person of low rank, who was called by this name; but though given him in derision, it afterwards became his distinguishing surname (Liv. Epit. 55 ; V. Max. 9.14.3; Plin. Nat. 7.10). In B. C. 133, when the tribes met to re-elect Tib. Gracchus to the tribunate, and the utmost confusion prevailed in the forum, Nasica called upon the consuls to save the republic; but as they refused to have recourse to violence, he exclaimed, " As the consul betrays the state, do you who wish to obey the laws follow me," and so saying rushed forth from the temple of Fides, where the senate was sitting, followed by the greater number of the senators. The people gave way before them, and Gracchus was a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ated to Tubero a treatise De Officiis (Cic. de Off. 3.15). He was the son of Q. Aelius Tubero, who was the son-in-law of L. Aemilius Paulus. [See above, No. 3.] Tubero the son had a reputation for talent and legal knowledge. (Cic. Brut. 31, pro Muren. 100.36; Tac. Ann. 16.2; Gel. 1.22.) Plutarch (Plut. Luc. 100.39) attributes to this Tubero the saying that Lucullus was " Xerxes in a toga ;" but this is a mistake, for Tubero the Stoic was a contemporary of the Gracchi and tribunus plebis in B. C. 133, the year in which Tiberius was also tribunus plebis. Lucullus could not play the part of Xerxes in a toga earlier than B. C. 63. In B. C. 129 Tubero failed in his candidateship for the praetorship, but in B. C. 123 he was praetor. Pomponius says that he was also consul, but it has been inferred from the passage in the Brutus (100.31) that he never obtained the consulship. He appears however to have been consul suffectus in B. C. 118. He was an opponent of C. Gracchus as well as of Tiberiu
Verres married a sister of a Roman eques, Vettius Chilo (Verrin. 2.3. 71, 72), by whom he had a son, whom, at fifteen years of age, he admitted as the spectator and partner of his vices (lb. 9. 68 ; Pseudo Ascon. in loc.), and a daughter, who was married at the time of her accompanying Verres to Sicily. (Sen. Suas. p. 43, Bip. ed.; Lactant. Div. Inst. 2.4.) Prosecution of Verres by Cicero The trial of Verres was a political as well as a judicial cause. From the tribunate of the Gracchi (B. C. 133-123), when the judicia were transferred to the equites, to the dictatorship of Sulla (B. C. 81-79), who restored them to the senate, there had been an eager contest at Rome for the judicial power. The equites and the senators had proved equally corrupt, and the Marian party, supported by the Italians and the provincials, clamoured loudly for a reform of the courts. Verres was a criminal whose condemnation might justify Sulla's law, whose acquittal would prove the unfitness of the senate fo
Vespillo the name of a family of the Lucretia gens. 1. Lucretius Vespillo, aedile B. C. 133, is said to have thrown the corpse of Tib. Gracchus into the Tiber and thus to have obtained the surname of Vespillo. (Aurel. Vict. de Vir. Ill. 64; respecting the Vespillones, see Dict. of Antiq. p. 559a, 2d ed.)
Vi'llius 2. C. Villius, a friend of Tib. Gracchus, was cruelly put to death by the ruling party after the murder of Gracchus in B. C. 133. He is said to have been shut up in a vessel with snakes and vipers, which was the manner in which parricides were put to death. (Plut. TG 20.)
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