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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 59 BC or search for 59 BC in all documents.

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Here'nnius 11. C. Herennius, son of Sext. Herennius (Cic. Att. 1.18), was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 59, when he zealously seconded P. Clodius [CLAUDIUS, No. 40] in his efforts to pass by adoption into a plebeian family. [FONTEIUS, No. 6.] (Cic. Att. 1.18, 19.)
Ju'lia 5. Daughter of Caesar the dictator, by Cornelia [CORNELIA, 2], and his only child in marriage (Tac. Ann. 3.6). She was born B. C. 83-82, and was betrothed to Servilius Caepio [CAEPIO, No. 14], but married Cn. Pompey, B. C. 59. This family-alliance of its two great chiefs was regarded as the firmest bond of the so-called first triumvirate, and was accordingly viewed with much alarm by the oligarchal party in Rome, especially by Cicero and Cato (Cic. Att. 2.17, 8.3; Plut. Caes. 14, Pomp. 48, Cat. Min. 31; App. BC 2.14; Suet. Jul. 50; D. C. 38.9; Gel. 4.10.5; comp. August. Civ. Dei. 3.13). The personal charms of Julia were remarkable; her talents and virtues equalled her beauty; and although policy prompted her union, and she was twentythree years younger than her husband, she possessed in Pompey a devoted husband, to whom she was, in return, devotedly attached. (Plut. Pomp. 48, 53.) It was not the least fortunate circumstance in Julia's life that she died before a breach between
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Lae'lius De'cimus 2. Son probably of the preceding, impeached L. Flaccus for extortion in his government of Asia Minor B. C. 59. (Cic. pro Flacc. 1, 6; Schol. Bob. pro Flacc. p. 228, Orelli.) [VALERIUS FLACCUS, No. 15.] In the civil wars B. C. 49, Laelius commanded a detachment of Cn. Pompey's fleet (Caes. Civ. 3.5); conveyed Pompey's letters to the consuls (Cic. Att. 8.11, D. 12, A.); watched M. Antony's passage over the Adriatic (Caes. Civ. 3.40); and, about the time of the battle of Pharsalia, blockaded the harbour of Brundisium. (Caes. Civ. 3.100.) M. Antony placed Laelius on the list of Pompeians forbidden to return to Italy without licence from Caesar; but the prohibition was subsequently removed. (Cic. Att. 11.7, 14.) [W.B.D]
rensis 1. M. Juventius Laterensis, appears to have served in early life in the Mithridatic war. (Cic. pro Planc. 34.84, with Wunder's note, p. 207.) As he was descended both on his father's and mother's side from consular ancestors, he naturally became a candidate for the public offices. The year of his quaestorship is not stated and we only know that, while holding this office, he gave an exhibition of games at Praeneste; and subsequently proceeded, perhaps as pro-quaestor, to Cyrene. In B. C. 59 (the year of the consulship of Caesar and Bibulus) he became a candidate for the tribunate of the plebs; but as he would have been obliged, if elected, to have sworn to maintain the agrarian law of Caesar, which was passed in that year, he retired voluntarily from the contest. It was probably owing to his political sentiments that Laterensis became one of Cicero's personal friends; and it was doubtless his opposition to Caesar which led L. Vettius to denounce him as one of the conspirators
w the example of his father, but commenced his public career by warmly supporting the aristocratical party. His first public act was the accusation of Catiline in B. C. 63, according to the Lex Plantia de vi, an act which Cicero praised as one of great service to the state, and on account of which Paullus incurred the hatred of the popular party. He must then have been quite a young man, for he was not quaestor till three years afterwards; and it was during his quaestorship in Macedonia, in B. C. 59, under the propraetor C. Octavius, that he was accused by L. Vettius as one of the persons privy to the pretended conspiracy against the life of Pompey. He is mentioned in B. C. 57 as exerting himself to obtain the recall of Cicero from banishment. In his aedileship, B. C. 55, Paullus restored one of the ancient basilica in the middle of the forum, and likewise commenced a new one of extraordinary size and splendour. (Cic. Att. 4.16.) Respecting these basilicae, which have given rise to c
Li'vius the Roman historian, was born at Patavium, in the consulship of Caesar and Bibulus, B. C. 59. The greater part of his life appears to have been spent in the metropolis, but he returned to his native town before his death, which happened at the age of 76, in the fourth year of Tiberius, A. D. 17. We know that he was married, and that he had at least two children, for a certain L. Magius, a rhetorician, is named as the husband of his daughter, by Seneca (Prooem. Controv. lib. v.), and a sentence from a letter addressed to a son, whom he urges to study Demosthenes and Cicero, is quoted by Quintilian (10.1.39). His literary talents secured the patronage and friendship of Augustus (Tac. Ann. 4.34); he became a person of consideration at court, and by his advice Claudius, afterwards emperor, was induced in early life to attempt historical composition (Suet. Cl. 41), but there is no ground for the assertion that Livy acted as preceptor to the young prince. Eventually his reputation r
ed (Cic. pro Milon. 27), and by this means, as well as by the general course of his policy, had incurred the enmity both of Crassus and Caesar, so that he found himself on hostile terms with all the three individuals who had now the chief direction of affairs at Rome. Caesar even threatened him with a prosecution for his proceedings in Asia; a danger which so much alarmed him that he had recourse to the most humiliating entreaties in order to avert it (Suet. Jul. 20). In the following year (B. C. 59) he was among the leaders of the aristocratic party, charged by L. Vettius, at the instigation of Vatinius, with an imaginary plot against the life of Pompey (Cic. in Vatin. 10, Ep. ad Att. 2.24); and in the same year he is mentioned among the judges at the trial of L. Flaccus (Cic. pro Flacc. 34). But these two are the last occasions on which his name appears in history. The precise period of his death is not mentioned, but he cannot long have survived the return of Cicero from exile, as t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
if a candidate promised and paid money to a tribe at the comitia, he should pay besides to that tribe 3000 sesterces yearly during his life : but if lie merely promised and did not pay, he should be exempt. (Dict. of Antiq. s. v. Ambitious) this, however, is Cicero's version of the principal clause of the Lex Aufidia, and, since it is part of his account of a wit-combat between himself and P. Clodius in the senate (ad Att. 1.16), B. C. 61, it is probably exaggerated. Three years afterwards, B. C. 59, Lurco was one of the witnesses for the defence at the impeachment of L. Valerius Flaccus [L. VALERIUS FLACCUS, No. 15], and then it suited Cicero's purpose to call him an honest man and his good friend (pro Flacc. 4.34). In B. C. 52-1, Lurco prosecuted and procured the conviction of Sextus Clodius, for bringing the corpse of P. Clodius into the Curia Hostilia, and for other acts of violence (Ascon. in Cic. Milon. p. 55, Orelli). Lurco was the maternal grandfather of the empress Livia, wife
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 22. Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, P. F., was a son of the preceding. (Dio Cass. Arg. xxxix.) He is first mentioned as zealously supporting the cause of the Sicilians against Verres, while yet a young man, B. C. 70. (Cic. Div. in Caecil. 4, in Verr. 2.42.) He next appears in B. C. 61, as supporting his kinsman, L. Lentulus Crus, in the accusation of Clodius, for violating the mysteries of the Bona Dea. (Schol. Bob. ad Cic. in Clod. p. 336, ed. Orell.) In B. C. 59 he held the office of praetor, and presided at the trial of C. Antonius, the colleague of Cicero. (Cic. in Vatin. 11; Orell. Onom. Tall. p. 177.) The following year he repaired to Syria, and administered that province for nearly two years, during which his time was principally taken up with repressing the predatory incursions of the neighboring Arabs. (Appian, App. Syr. 51.) But he returned to Rome soon enough to sue for the consulship at the elections of the year 57, and was chosen for the ensuing ye
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, Fa'bius 13. Q. Fabius Maximus, Q. F. Q. N., was joined with Q. Caelius Rufus in B. C. 59, in the prosecution of C. Antonius Hybrida [ANTONIUS, No. 10] for extortion in his province of Macedonia. (Cic. in Vatin. 11; Schol. Bob. in Vatinian. p. 321, Orelli.) For his services as legatus to Caesar in Spain, B. C. 45 (Caes. B. H. 2, 41), he obtained a triumph and the consulship of that year on Caesar's deposition of it in September. Fabius died on the last day (December 31) of his official year. (D. C. 43.42, 46; Plin. H. N 7.53; Cic. Fam. 7.30; Liv. Epit. 116; comp. Macr. 2.3.) To which of the Fabii Maximi the preceding coin belongs is quite uncertain. [W.B.D]
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