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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 41 41 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography, Book 11, chapter 14 (search)
rhae." Cp. the references to "Carrhae" in 16. 2. 23. between this place and the Zeugma on the Euphrates; and, having gathered peoples thither from twelve Greek cities which he had laid waste, he named it Tigranocerta; but Leucullus, who had waged war against Mithridates, arrived before Tigranes finished his undertaking and not only dismissed the inhabitants to their several home-lands but also attacked and pulled down the city, which was still only half finished, and left it a small village;69 B.C. and he drove Tigranes out of both Syria and Phoenicia. His successor ArtavasdesSee 11. 13. 4. was indeed prosperous for a time, while he was a friend to the Romans, but when he betrayed Antony to the Parthians in his war against them he paid the penalty for it, for he was carried off prisoner to Alexandreia by Antony and was paraded in chains through the city; and for a time he was kept in prison, but was afterwards slain, when the Actian war broke out. After him several kings reigned
Appian, Sicily and the Other Islands (ed. Horace White), Fragments (search)
st Mithridates, that if he would come they would surrender themselves to him. As he was then busy with other things, he commanded Metellus to withdraw from the island, as it was not seemly to continue a war against those who offered to give themselves up, and he said that he would come to receive the surrender of the island later. Metellus paid no attention to this order, but pushed on the war until the island was subdued, making the same terms with Lasthenes as he had made with Panares. B.C. 69 Metellus was awarded a triumph and the title of Creticus with more justice than Antonius, for he actually subjugated the island.Cf. Florus, iii. 7. FROM PEIRESC Y.R. 692 The patrician Clodius, surnamed Pulcher, which means B.C. 62 handsome, was in love with Cæsar's wife. He arrayed himself in woman's clothes from head to foot, being still without a beard, and gained admission to Cæsar's house as a woman in the night, at a time when the mysteries [of the Bona
Appian, Syrian Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER VIII (search)
cquired the title of King of Kings, attacked the Seleucidæ because they would not acknowledge his supremacy. Antiochus Pius was not able Y.R. 671 to withstand him. Tigranes conquered all of the Syrian B.C. 83 peoples this side of the Euphrates as far as Egypt. He took Cilicia at the same time (for this was also subject to the Seleucidæ) and put his general, Magadates, in command of all these conquests for fourteen years. Y.R. 685 When the Roman general, Lucullus, was pursuing B.C. 69 Mithridates, who had taken refuge in the territory of Tigranes, Magadates went with his army to Tigranes' assistance. Thereupon Antiochus, the son of Antiochus Pius, entered Syria clandestinely and assumed the government with the consent of the people. Nor did Lucullus, who first made war on Tigranes and wrested his newly acquired territory from him, object to Antiochus exercising his ancestral Y.R. 688 authority. But Pompey, the successor of Lucullus, B.C. 66 when he had overthrown Mithridate
Appian, Mithridatic Wars (ed. Horace White), CHAPTER XII (search)
h Machares, the son of Mithridates and ruler of the Bosporus, who sent him a crown of gold. He demanded the surrender of Mithridates from Tigranes. Then he went back to the province of Asia. When the instalment of tribute imposed by Sulla became due he levied upon one-fourth of the harvest, and imposed a house-tax and a slave-tax. He offered a triumphal sacrifice to the gods for the successful termination of the war. Y.R. 685 After the sacrifices had been performed he marched B.C. 69 with two legions and 500 horse against Tigranes, who had refused to surrender Mithridates to him. He crossed the Euphrates, but he required the barbarians, through whose territory he passed, to furnish only necessary supplies since they did not want to fight, or to expose themselves to suffering by taking sides in the quarrel between Lucullus and Tigranes. No one told Tigranes that Lucullus was advancing, for the first man who brought this news he hanged, considering him a disturber of the goo
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK XXXIII. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF METALS., CHAP. 8.—PARTICULARS CONNECTED WITH THE EQUESTRIAN ORDER. (search)
golden ring.Or, in other words, belonging to the equestrian order. The Roman equites often followed the pursuits of bankers, and farmers of the public revenues. For this reason, an ordinance was made that no person whatsoever should have this right of wearing the ring, unless, freeborn himself as regarded his father and paternal grandfather, he should be assessed by the censors at four hundred thousand sesterces, and entitled, under the Julian Law,A law passed in the time of Julius Cæsar, B.C. 69, which permitted Roman equites, in case they or their parents had ever had a Census equestris, to sit in the fourteen rows fixed by the Lex Roscia Theatralis. to sit in the fourteen tiers of seats at the theatre. In later times, however, people began to apply in whole crowds for this mark of rank; and in consequence of the diversities of opinion which were occasioned thereby, the Emperor CaiusCaligula. added a fifth decury to the number. Indeed to such a pitch has conceit now arisen, that wher
Titus Livius (Livy), The History of Rome, Book 6 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.), chapter 4 (search)
eous wars. By far the greatest number of the captives led before his chariot were Etruscans; they were sold under the spear,A sign that booty was to be sold at auction. and fetched so large a sum that after the matrons had been repaid for their gold,See v. 1. 6-7. the surplus sufficed to make three golden bowls, which were inscribed, as is well known, with the name of Camillus, and kept, until the burning of the Capitol,July 6th, 83 B.C. The restoration of the temple was completed 69 B.C. in the chapel of Jupiter, at Juno's feet. This year were received into the state such of the Veientes, Capenates, and Faliscans as had come over to the Romans in the course of these wars, and lands were allotted to these new citizens. There were also recalled from Veii to the City, by senatorial decree, those who being too indolent to build in Rome had taken possession of empty houses in Veii and had gone there to live. They had indeed murmured at first, and had flouted the order;
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition., Life of Cicero. (search)
spite of the fact that the Senate was as a class on the side of the accused, who was also supported by many of the most influential men of the state. But it was, on the other hand, a popular cause, and many of the most decent of the nobility favored it. The orator's success, by force of talent and honest industry, against the tricks of Verres and his counsel Hortensius broke the domination of this rival in the courts, See p. 303, below. and made Cicero the first advocate of his time. In B.C. 69 Cicero became curule aedile, and in B.C. 67 he was elected praetor with great unanimity. In the latter year began the agitation for the Manilian Law, See p. 66, below. by his advocacy of which Cicero endeared himself to the people and gained the favor of Pompey, whose powerful support was a kind of bulwark against the envious and exclusive nobility. In his praetorship (B.C. 66) he was allotted to the presidency of the Court for Extortion, See p. lxv, N.1 and in this, as in all his public o
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VALERII, DOMUS (search)
fterwards occupied by the temple of Vica Pota (Liv. loc. cit.). According to a variant tradition, a house sub Veliis (Asc. in Pison. 52, ubi aedes Victoriae=Vicae Potae), or in Velia (Cic. de Har. resp. 16), was given to Valerius as a special honour (cf. Plin. NH xxxvi. 112, where there is no indication of site), or on the Palatine (Dionys. v. 39). The body of P. Valerius is also said to have been buried in a sepulchre given by the stateu(p) *ou)eli/as (Dionys. v. 48; cf. Cic. de legg. ii. 58; Plut. Popl. 23; Quaest. Rom. 79), and fragments of elogia of two members of the family, M. Valerius Messala Niger, consul in 69 B.C., and M. Valerius Messala Corvinus, consul in 31 B.C., have been found behind the basilica of Constantine, where they had probably been carried from their original position (CIL i². pp. 190, 20 ; vi. 31618; EE iii. I-4). It is probable that the variants under (2) and (3) refer to one house, on the western slope of the Velia, where the sepulchre was also located.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
233: pavement of Clivus Capitolinus, 122: of Clivus Palatinus, 124: of Clivus Victoriae, 126: of Lacus Curtius, 31: of House of Vestals, 59: Rostra, 451, and equestrian statue near them, 500; restores Temple of Hercules Custos, 252: Temple of Hercules Sullanus, 256. 80Curia restored, 143. 78Tabularium, 506. Basilica Aemilia decorated and restored, 72. Branch of Cloaca Maxima, 127. 74Gradus Aurelii (?) (Tribunal Aurelium), 540. 69Capitoline Temple re-dedicated, 299. 63Statue on Capitol moved, 49. 62Cicero buys hbuse of Marcus Crassus, 175. Temple of Aesculapius frescoed and rebuilt soon after, 2. Pons Fabricius built, 400. 62-27Pons Cestius, 282, 399. 61(after). Arch of Pompey for victory over Mithradates, 43. 60(ca.). Platform of Temple of Aesculapius on Tiber island decorated, 282. (ca.). Horti Luculliani, 268. 58Shrine of Diana destroyed, 150. 56Fornix Fabianus restored, 211. 55Theatre of Pompey, 515. Por
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Cicero's Public Life and Contemporary Politics. (search)
estion must have belonged in most instances to the political party whose interests would be promoted by the success of that side. What could be more natural than that Cicero, belonging to the equestrian class, whose rights and privileges had been so seriously curtailed in the aristocratic reaction of Sulla, should oppose the aristocracy at some points? The aid which his action gave to the democratic cause does not, however, stamp him as a democrat. 5. As a candidate for the aedileship for 69 B.C., and for the praetorship for 66 B.C., Cicero led all of his rivals at the polls.in Pison. 2; de leg. Manil. 2. Both offices he filled with distinction, and although as praetor he showed, as in earlier years, slight democratic tendencies, Herzog, 1. p. 538.his personal integrity and his intimate knowledge of the law made his administration of the office wise and honorable. Throughout this period, even during his incumbency of the two offices just mentioned, Cicero followed unremittingly his
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