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, but exchanged in 1813, fought in the battle of Lundy's Lane, and was severely wounded.
After the close of the war he was raised to the rank of major-general, and in 1841 succeeded General Macomb as commander of the United States army.
In the war with Mexico, he won great fame and was nominated by the Whigs for President in 1852; but he carried only four States.
In 1855, Congress revived the rank of lieutenant-general and conferred it by brevet upon Scott, the appointment being dated March 29, 1847, the day of his brilliant capture of Vera Cruz.
It was evident that his age and infirmities would prevent his taking any active part in the Civil War, and on November 1, 1861, he was retired from the chief command of the army of the United States.
He wrote an autobiography, and made a European trip in 1864, dying May 29, 1866, at West Point, New York.
Major-General Henry Wager Halleck
（U. S.M. A. 1839) was born in Westernville, New York, January 16, 1815.
He served in California
It is, of course, understood that in most cases the actual rank next below that conferred by brevet was held either in the United States Army or the Volunteers.
In some cases for distinguished gallantry or marked efficiency brevet rank higher than the next grade above was given.
The date is that of the appointment.
Lieutenant-General, United States army (full rank)
Grant, Ulysses S., Mar. 2, 1864.
Lieutenant-General, United States army (by Brevet)
Scott, Winfield, Mar. 29, 1847.
Major-generals, United States army (full rank)
Fremont, J. C., May 14, 1861.
Halleck, H. W., Aug. 19, 1861.
Hancock, Winfield, July 26, 1866.
McClellan, G. B., May 14, 1861.
Meade, G. G., Aug. 18, 1864.
Sheridan, P. H., Nov. 8, 1864.
Sherman, Wm. T., Aug. 12, 1864.
Thomas, Geo. H., Dec. 15, 1864.
Wool, John E., May 16, 1862.
Major-generals, United States army (by Brevet)
Allen, Robert, Mar. 13, 1865.
Ames, Adelbert, Mar. 13, 1865.
Anderson, Robert, Feb. 3, 1865.