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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
lue, at the current price, that of the entire cotton crop. The aggregate value of the cotton was $183,000,000, and that of wheat was $240,000,000, or $57,000,000 greater. The aggregate value of the wheat, corn, hay, and oats crops alone, that year, was over $1,100,000,000. As an article of export, cotton was largely in excess of any other item of agricultural production. The total value of these productions of the United States exported to foreign countries, for the year ending the 30th of June, 1859, was $222,909,718. That of cotton was $161,434,923, or sixty-two and a half millions of dollars less than that of other agricultural exports. The value of the cotton crop was not an eighth part of that of the whole agricultural products of the country; and yet, politicians, in order to deceive the Southern people with false notions of their strength and independence, and the absolute sovereignty of Cotton, declared it to be greater than all others. When the trial came, and the claim
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Thirty-fifth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1859 Trial of Daniel E. Sickles begun at Washington, D. C.......April 4, 1859 [It lasted eighteen days and resulted in his acquittal.] A rich gold mine opened in Colorado, on the north fork of Clear Creek, by John H. Gregory......May 10, 1859 Unexampled frost prevails throughout the northern United States night of......June 4, 1859 M. Blondin for the first time crosses the Niagara River just below the falls on a tight-rope......June 30, 1859 San Juan islands occupied by General Harney, U. S. A. (though claimed by Great Britain as belonging to Vancouver Island)......July 9, 1859 Little John, a negro, arrested at Oberlin, O., as a slave, and rescued at Wellington......Sept. 13, 1859 Senator David C. Broderick, of California, mortally wounded in a duel with Judge Terry near Lake Merced, Cal., Sept. 13, dies......Sept. 16, 1859 United States steamship Niagara sails from Charleston, S. C., for Liberia, Africa, with
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
rated......April 3, 1856 Dudley observatory built at Albany......1856 Failure of the Ohio Life and Trust Company in New York; a commercial panic spreads throughout the United States......Aug. 24, 1856 First telegraphic despatch received in New York from London by the Atlantic telegraph......Aug. 5, 1858 Edwin D. Morgan, Republican, elected governor......1858 M. Blondin (Émile Gravelet) crosses the Niagara River, just below the Falls, for the first time on a tight-rope......June 30, 1859 Washington Irving, born in New York City in 1783, dies at Tarrytown, N. Y.......Nov. 28, 1859 Population of the State, 3,880,735......1860 Erie Canal enlargement completed; entire cost, $52,491,915.74......1862 Horatio Seymour, Democrat, elected governor......November, 1862 Manhattan College, at Manhattanville, New York City, incorporated by the regents......April 2, 1863 Peace meeting held in New York City, called by leading Democrats to devise means for ending the Ci
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 32. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.22 (search)
sophic mind for more than the life of a generation. He took his seat at Montgomery well prepared with an outline of foreign policy for the young republic which he had done so much to make possible. Mr. Rhett's suggestion was founded upon certain accomplished facts of daily experience in the relations of the commerce of the slave States to European trade. The export commerce of the slave States in raw material was the richest in the world. The official report of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1859, gave the exports initiating in the slave States at $188,693,490 and the exports initiating in the free States at $5,281,091. England was both the chief ocean carrier and the chief manufacturer of the main subject of Southern commerce, cotton. The industries of France were also largely involved in the carrying trade and the manufacture of Southern raw material. The Rhett scheme. Upon the demonstrated value of Southern commerce and the historical record of Southern civil and milita
The Daily Dispatch: November 7, 1860., [Electronic resource], Land and Slaves in the county of Amelia, for sale privately. (search)
ingdom stamped between December, 1857, and June, 1859. We only quote the returns for one quarter, selecting those papers which are the best known. Of the daily journals, the number of stamped copies issued between the 1st April and the 30th June, 1859, were: the Times816,058 the Morning Post72,500 the Morning Herald51,000 the Globe50,000 the Daily News49,789 the Morning Advertiser20,000 the Morning Chronicle15,000 the Standard11,000 the Morning Star9,000 of the weekly journals stamped during the same period, (1st April to 30th June, 1859,) the numbers were: the Illustrated London News432,923 the News of the World118,400 the Record114,500 Bell's Weekly Messenger113,000 Bell's Life in London83,000 the Weekly Dispatch75,000 the Weekly Times62,000 the Saturday Review53,000 the Athenæum24,000 these numbers, which have reference to the stamped copies only, do not, it is said, give an accurate representation of the circulation of these diffe
age, or addressed to transient persons. In reference to letters with valuable enclosures other than money, the results have been found still more glaring; over 80 per cent, have been either misdirected, held for postage, or addressed to transient persons. These are the proportions of cases explained. Further investigations on this point will tend further to exemplify these positions. The whole number of dead letters containing money, registered and sent out during the year ending June 30, 1859, was 9,726, of which 8,574 were delivered, leaving 1,152 unclaimed. The whole amount of money received was $45,618.14; amount restored to owners $41,143.74. The number of letters registered and sent out containing valuable enclosures other than money, such as bills of exchange, drafts, bonds, treasury warrants, &c., was 8,647, of which 7,738 have been restored to the owners, leaving unclaimed 909. The amount of the enclosures was $2,502,298.11; the amount of the enclosures in ster
The Daily Dispatch: March 15, 1861., [Electronic resource], What postage the various cities pay. (search)
What postage the various cities pay. --Some very accurate tables of the postage paid by the various cities of the Union have been published. The following table, from the Auditor's report of the Post-Office Department, (the latest published,) shows the nett proceeds of the post-offices below mentioned, for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1859: New York$549,060.64Louisville$25,323.24 Philadelphia$188,085.80Richmond24,603.92 Boston169,993.60Albany24,306.07 San Francisco111,466.15Buffalo19,314.98 New Orleans108,556.15Memphis14,656.11 Baltimore88,222.96Wilmington12,818.54 Cincinnati76,592.64Nashville12,738.53 St. Louis75,144.91Detroit10,220.93 Charleston35,647.63Washington9,436.12 Chicago29,641.27
ss during this period. These greatly exceeded the pay and mileage of the members — For the year ending 30th June, 1858, whilst the pay and mileage amounted to $1.48 214, the contingent expenses rose to $2,193,309.79, and for the year ending 30th June, 1859, whilst the pay and mileage amounted to $859,693.66, the contingent expenses amounted to $1,431,565.78. I am happy, however, to be able to inform you that during the last fiscal year ending on the 30th June, 1860, the total expenditures of thto the sum of $55,402,465.46. This conclusively appears from the books of the Treasury. In the year ending on the 30th June, 1858, the total expenditure, exclusive of the public debt, amounted to $71,901,129.77, and that for the year ending 30th June, 1859, to $66,316,226.13. Whilst the books of the Treasury show an actual expenditure of $59,848,474.72 for the year ending on the 30th June, 1860, including $1,010,667.71 for the contingent expenses of Congress, there must be deducted from this am
of 13 67, and 24,466,598 by inferior modes, at a cost of about 7.45 per mile. Compared with the service reported June 30, 1859, there is a decrease of 19,458 miles in the length of mail routes; of 7,583,626 miles in the annual transportation, abn postages, amounted to $8,518,067 40.--being an increase of near seven per cent, over the revenue of the year ending June 30, 1859. the balance standing to the credit of the department on the books of the Auditor on June 30, 1859, was$710,June 30, 1859, was$710,23 29 the receipts of the department from all sources during the year 18608,518,067 40 amount closed by suspense15 25 amount of various appropriations drawn from the treasury during the year, as specifically shown by the Auditor, was11,154,167 54 Total amount for 1860$6,870,316 19 Total value of postage stamps and stamped envelopes issued during the year ending June 30, 1859$6 261 533 34 Increase during 1860608 782 85 Larger denominations of postage stamps have been adopted and introd
Commerce of Southern ports. --According to the United States official report of commerce and navigation for the year ending June 30. 1859, the number of American vessels entered at all the Southern ports amounted to 2,278, comprising 1,157,343 tonnage and 35,316 sailors, of which 1,579 entered the cotton ports, with a tonnage of 814,657 and 28,277 sailors — The whole registered tonnage of the United States in 1859 was only 2,507,400, and 2,637,635 enrolled — the latter embracing all kinds of coasting and river vessels, such as steamboats, fishing vessels and lake and canal craft