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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
the prison in the prescribed channel. I had tried that, and found that certain letters of mine did not reach him. My communications were smuggled out in the manner I have described in this paper, and sent under cover to friends in St. Louis and Albany, who mailed them. I mention this because the Secretary of War took some credit to himself for liberality in my case, as will be seen from the following extract of a letter addressed to Mr. Seward: war Department, Washington City, October 12th, 1864. * * * * * * * * * Mr. Wright makes no complaint of harsh treatment, and the papers which he presents show that the officers who have had him in charge have rendered him every facility in submitting his appeal. * * * * * * * * * If Mr. Seward was misled by this statement in regard to my treatment, he was certainly undeceived when he received the British minister's note, dated October 20th, of which I have given an extract. The wretched condition of the prisoners at Rock Isla
lled under him in a fight near Waynesborough, but he escaped unhurt. The Federal Army below Richmond advanced a few days ago, and took Fort Harrison. We live now amid perpetual firing of cannon. The loss of Fort Harrison is, I am afraid, a very serious loss to us. The enemy made a second advance, which has been handsomely repulsed. They seem to be putting forth their utmost efforts against us. I pray that our armies may be able to resist them and drive them to their own land. October 12th, 1864. The armies around Richmond remain quiet. Butler is digging the canal at Dutch Gap, and Grant is fortifying Fort Harrison most vigorously. General Rosser has had a little reverse in the Valley, losing some guns. He had a cavalry fight, overcame the enemy, and drove them for miles; but encountering a body of infantry which was too much for him, he had to retreat, leaving his guns to the enemy. The hospitals are full of the wounded; my afternoons are very much engaged, nursing
of this railroad began to prevail, and the work on it was discontinued. The Sixth Corps, therefore, abandoned that route, and moved toward Ashby's Gap with the purpose of marching direct to Washington, but on the 13th I recalled it to Cedar Creek, in consequence of the arrival of the enemy's infantry at Fisher's Hill, and the receipt, the night before, of the following despatch, which again opened the question of an advance on Gordonsville and Charlottesville: (Cipher.) Washington, October 12, 1864, 12 M. Major-General Sheridan: Lieutenant-General Grant wishes a position taken far enough south to serve as a base for further operations upon Gordonsville and Charlottesville. It must be strongly fortified and provisioned. Some point in the vicinity of Manassas Gap would seem best suited for all purposes. Colonel Alexander, of the Engineers, will be sent to consult with you as soon as you connect with General Augur. H. W. Halleck, Major-General. As it was well known in Wa
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 13.95 (search)
that could cross Hatteras bar and enter the sounds, Several light-draught monitors were in course of construction at this time, but were not yet completed.--editors. and it was impossible for any number of our vessels to injure the ram at Plymouth. At this stage of affairs Admiral S. P. Lee On September 5th, 1862, Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee relieved Rear-Admiral Goldsborough of the command of the North Atlantic Squadron; he in turn was relieved by Rear-Admiral D. D. Porter, October 12th, 1864.--editors. spoke to me of the case, when I proposed a plan for her capture or destruction. I submitted in writing two plans. The first was based upon the fact that through a thick swamp the iron-clad might be approached to within a few hundred yards, whence India-rubber boats, to be inflated and carried upon men's backs, might transport a boarding-party of a hundred men; in the second plan the offensive force was to be conveyed in two very small low-pressure steamers, each armed with
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 15.100 (search)
The Georgia militia during sherman's march to the sea. a continuation of the article on p. 331. by Gustavus W. Smith, Major-General, C. S. A. On the 12th of October, 1864, I was ordered to assemble the State forces of Georgia at Lovejoy's Station, to support the small body of Confederate cavalry observing the Federal garrison of Atlanta, and, by threatening the latter, draw the attention of General Sherman to that place, whilst his army was in pursuit of Hood, who was moving on the Federal line of communications. At Lovejoy's Station we were joined by two small regiments of Georgia State line troops that had previously served with the Confederate army, and by several detachments of home guards and work-shop troops, ordered to report to me by General Howell Cobb, commanding in Georgia. On the 15th of November, when General Sherman's army started from Atlanta on its famous march to the sea, I had at Lovejoy's Station 2800 infantry, 3 batteries, and 250 local reserve cavalr
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 59: (search)
, Benton, Pittsburg, Mound City, Essex, Lexington, Ouachita, Gazelle, General Price, W. H. Brown, Juliet.   Cotton, 10 1/2 bales 2,397 28 534 28 1,863 00 do Oct. 12, 1864 Cimarron. Steamer Ceres 17,200 00 935 49 16,264 51 Washington Nov. 12, 1864 Violet, Aries, Connecticut, Maratanza, Mercedita, Montgomery.   Canoes, 25, a161 85 do Mar. 17, 1864 Wachusett.   Dry Goods, lot of 465 45 169 51 295 94 Washington Jan. 11, 1864 Coeur de Lion. Schooner Defy 473 05 197 37 275 68 do Oct. 12, 1864 Midnight. Steamer Donegal 140,000 00 4,047 10 135,952 90 Philadelphia Oct. 27, 1864 Metacomet. Steamer Don 98,316 78 3,438 13 94,878 65 Boston Nov. 19, 1. 7, 1864 Conemaugh. Steamer Jupiter 8,331 73 1,482 99 6,848 74 Boston Oct. 11. 1864 Proteus Schooner James Williams 5,510 15 749 77 4,760 38 New Orleans Oct. 12, 1864 Penobscot. Schooner J. C. McCabe 452 11 168 03 284 08 Washington Oct. 19, 1863 Zouave. Schooner John 32,514 71 3,044 49 29,470 22 New Orleans Mar. 22, 18
t while prisoners and conditions of release and exchange must be exacted and had, in the case of colored soldiers as in the case of white soldiers. Non-acquiescence by the Confederate authorities in both or either of these propositions, will be regarded as a refusal on their part to agree to the further exchange of prisoners, and will be so treated by us. I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, U. S. Grant. Lieutenant-General. [no. 6. see page 605.] City Point, Oct. 12, 1864. to Major-General Butler: Your correspondence with Judge Ould on the subject of exchange, and also the affidavits upon which you rely for proof of the unwarrantable conduct of the enemy in employing prisoners of war at work on fortifications, and your letter informing Mr. Ould of the steps taken to retaliate are received and the whole approved. I will forward the whole to the Secretary of War with my approval. U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General. [no. 7. see page 605.] City Point, O
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 21 (search)
s whole army had passed up the valley toward Dalton, burning the railroad and doing all the damage possible. On the 12th he had demanded the surrender of Resaca in the following letter: headquarters Army of Tennessee, in the field, October 12, 1864. To the Officer commanding the United States Forces at Resaca, Georgia. sir: I demand the immediate and unconditional surrender of the post and garrison under your command, and, should this be acceded to, all white officers and soldiers w by assault, no prisoners will be taken. Most respectfully, your obedient servant, J. B. Hood, General To this Colonel Weaver, then in command, replied: headquarters Second Brigade, Third division Fifteenth Corps, Resaca, Georgia, October 12, 1864. To General J. B. Hood: Your communication of this date just received. In reply, I have to state that I am somewhat surprised at the concluding paragraph, to the effect that, if the place is carried by assault, no prisoners will be taken
Before the 25th of November the prisoners had left Camp Lawton, and during the remainder of the war it was not occupied by any considerable number. A part of the Andersonville prisoners were sent to Charleston, and these, together with some previously confined in that city, were removed to Florence, South Carolina. Before a stockade was erected they were restrained in an open field with such an inefficient guard that many escaped. The report of General Hardee's inspecting officer, October 12, 1864, says that three-fourths were without blankets, and many almost without clothing. The hospitals were of boughs of trees, and only one medical officer was on duty. There was no longer a pretense of issuing meat, but, instead, sorghum molasses was substituted, and even this was not always forthcoming. The stockade was built from the trunks of trees set about five feet into the ground, enclosing about twenty-three acres sloping down from each end to a stream in the center. When the s
ocker, J. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Crowinshield, C., Mar. 13, 1865. Cummings, Alex., Apr. 19, 1865. Cummings, G. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Cummins, J. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Cunningham, J. A., Apr. 1, 1865. Curly, Thos., Mar. 13, 1865. Curtin, John J., Oct. 12, 1864. Curtis, A. R., Mar. 13, 1865. Curtis, G. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Curtis, J. F., Mar. 13, 1865. Curtis, Wm. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Curtiss, J. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Cutcheon, B. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Cutting, Wm., April 2, 1865. Cutts, R. D., Mar. 1s, Ansell D., Mar. 13, 1865. Waters, L. H., June 18, 1865. Weaver, Jas. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Webber, Jules C., Mar. 13, 1865. Webber, A. W., Mar. 26, 1865. Weld, S. M., Jr. , Mar. 13, 1865. Welles, Geo. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Wells, Geo. D., Oct. 12, 1864. Wells, Henry H., June 3, 1865. Wells, Milton, Mar. 13, 1865. Wentworth, M. F., Mar. 13, 1865. Welsh, William, Mar. 13, 1865. West, Edward W., Mar. 13, 1865. West, Francis H., Mar. 13, 1865. West, Geo. W., Dec. 2, 1864. West, Henry R.
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