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and prosecuted nearly to completion, with a rampart of sand bags, barrels, &c. On one side of the fort a palisade of Palmetto logs is extended around the ramparts as a complete defence against an escalading party. New embrasures have been cut in the walls so as to command the faces of the bastion and ditch. These new defences fences are all incomplete, and are evidence of the haste with which they were erected. Considering the inferior force, in point of numbers, under his command, Major Anderson had paid particular attention to strengthening only a small part of the fort. A greater portion of the labor expended was spent upon the citadel or centre of the west point of the position. This he had caused to be strengthened in every way; loop-holes were cut and every thing was so arranged that in case a well-concerted attack was made, he would have retired from the outer bastions to the citadel, and afterwards blow up the other portions of the fort. For this purpose mines had al
Doc. 9.--Major Anderson's movement. We must own that the news of the transaction in Charleston harbor was learned by uth such an inferior force as that under the command of Major Anderson.--Boston Courier. If anybody ever doubted Major AndMajor Anderson's eminent military capacity, that doubt must be dispelled by the news that we publish in another column. Of his own an officer in an independent command always possesses. Major Anderson, commander of the defences of Charleston harbor, transd he always regards the emergency. Washngton, Garibaldi, Anderson.--Boston Atlas and Bee. The announcement of the evacuaration for the determined conduct and military skill of Col. Anderson in abandoning an indefensible position and, by a strateharleston fortifications, and the key of its defences. Col. Anderson is believed to have acted in this matter without specia American. Concerning the object of the movement of Major Anderson, we can, as at present informed, say little. But whet
he following paper to you in the presence of the Cabinet: counsel Chamber, Executive mansion. Sir: It is evident now from the action of the Commander of Fort Moultrie, that the solemn pledges of the Government have been violated by Major Anderson. In my judgment but one remedy is now left us by which to vindicate our honor and prevent civil war. It is in vain now to hope for confidence on the part of the people of South Carolina in any further pledges as to the action of the military the effusion of blood, in the hope that some means might be found for a peaceful accommodation of the existing troubles, the two Houses of Congress having both raised Committees looking to that object. Thus affairs stood until the action of Major Anderson, taken unfortunately while the Commissioners were on their way to this capital on a peaceful mission looking to the avoidance of bloodshed, has complicated matters in the existing manner. Our refusal or even delay to place affairs back as th
as received informally the Commissioners appointed by the rebels of South Carolina to negotiate for the public property in the harbor of Charleston, and for other purposes. It is also reported that the President disapproved of the conduct of Major Anderson, who, being satisfied that he would not be able to defend Fort Moultrie with the few men under his command, wisely took possession of Fort Sumter, where he could protect himself and the country from the disgrace which might have occurred, if had remained in Fort Moultrie. Being the commander in the harbor, he had the right to occupy Fort Sumter, an act which the safety of the Union as well as his own honor demanded. It is likewise stated that apprehensions are entertained that Major Anderson will be required to abandon Fort Sumter and re-occupy Fort Moultrie. There can be no foundation for such apprehensions ; for surely the President would not surrender the citadel of the harbor of Charleston to rebels. Fort Sumter commands th
n this subject, I refer you to an order issued by the Secretary of War, on the 11th inst. to Maj. Anderson, but not brought to my notice until the 21st inst. It is as follows: memorandum of verbal instructions to Major Anderson, First Artillery, Commanding Fort Moultrie, S. C. You are aware of the great anxiety of the Secretary of War that a collision of the troops with the people of tr Buell. John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. These were the last instructions transmitted to Major Anderson before his removal to Fort Sumter, with a single exception, in regard to a particular which s not in any degree affect the present question. Under these circumstances it is clear that Major Anderson acted upon his own responsibility, and without authority, unless, indeed, he had tangible evhe should not be condemned without a fair hearing. Be this as it may, when I learned that Major Anderson had left Fort Moultrie and proceeded to Fort Sumter, my first promptings were to command him
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Second letter of the Commissioners to the President. (search)
day, (Thursday,) the news was received here of the movement of Major Anderson. That news was communicated to you immediately, and you postpothe Cabinet, upon the publicly avowed ground that the action of Major Anderson had violated the pledged faith of the Government, and that unlecupation of Fort Sumter and the dismantling of Fort Moultrie by Major Anderson, in the face of your pledges, and without explanation or practioccurred. We arrived in Washington on Wednesday; the news from Major Anderson reached here early on Thursday, and was immediately communicate hostile collision. Scarcely had these Commissioners left than Major Anderson waged war. No other words will describe his action. It was notthorities of South Carolina, which is the only justification of Major Anderson you are forced to admit, has not yet been alleged. But you hav misplaced confidence; and by refusing to disavow the action of Major Anderson, have converted his violation of orders into a legitimate act o
Doc. 18.--correspondence between Maj. Anderson and Gov. Pickens. To His Excellency the Governor of South Carolina: Sir: Two of your batteries fired this morning on an unarmed vessel bearinwer may justify a further continuance of forbearance on my part. I remain, respectfully, Robert Anderson. Gov. Pickens' reply. Gov. Pickens, after stating the position of South Carolina, or to retake and resume possession of the forts within the waters of South Carolina, which Major Anderson abandoned, after spiking the cannon and doing other damage, cannot but be regarded by the aue State the condition of a conquered province. F. W. Pickens. Second communication from Major Anderson. To Ills Excellency Governor Pickens: Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the recei departure and return of the bearer, Lieut. T. Talbot, who is directed to make the journey. Robert Anderson. Attack on the Star of the West. About half-past 6 o'clock yesterday (Wednesday) mor
sire needlessly to bombard Fort Sumter, if Major Anderson will state the time at which, as indicatedto be, General, Your obedient servant, Robert Anderson, Major U. S. A. Commanding. To Brigadier- so terrific on the parapet of Sumter that Maj. Anderson refused to allow the men to man the guns. mbrasure, Lieut. Snyder called out to him, Major Anderson is at the main gate. He passed through th Confederacy, its surrender or evacuation, Major Anderson replied that he was sorry a request had be Jefferson Davis, and also the remark that Major Anderson was nearly starved out. The next morninof the embrasure, and presented himself to Major Anderson, and said that Gen. Beauregard was desirou delicate mode of asking for a surrender.) Maj. Anderson, in replying, requested them to thank Gen. each other blankly, and asked with whom? Maj. Anderson, observing that there was something wrong,t accept of the terms without the salute. Major Anderson told them, No; but that it should be an op[39 more...]
they plied their cannon in desperate haste; but no ship came in to Anderson's help. What was the matter? Made bold by the furious thirst f dared the ships to come in. But no ship offered its assistance to Anderson. More,, the guns of Sumter were only directed at the works of the traitors, and Major Anderson evidently tried to fire in such a manner as not to kill men. He did not even try a few bombs on the city, though. After forty hours cannonade, in which not one man is killed, Major Anderson, an officer of undoubted courage and honor, runs up a white flam Washington? These significant paragraphs: The report that Anderson has surrendered, and is the guest of General Beauregard, has been seemed very much gratified, and remarked that he regretted that Major Anderson could not be supplied, as that was all he needed. The next a Let them keep Sumter a few weeks. Let no man cry traitor to Major Anderson! Let no one fear for the energy of the Administration. Let us
Doc. 55.--the feeling in the city of New York. From the first announcement that hostilities had actually commenced in Charleston Harbor, and that Major Anderson's garrison of sixty or seventy men were sustaining and replying as best they could, to a fierce bombardment from a force more than one hundred times their number, domorning, all the forenoon, and throughout the whole day, business was forsaken or limited to the briefest necessity. At the Stock Board cheers were given for Major Anderson, and the Government stocks stiffened with renewed determination to stand by the country. As despatch after despatch came, like bombs from an enemy's battery,ed how heartily the sentiment was responded to. Three men, apparently laborers, who were alone reading the despatches as they came, when information came that Anderson had hauled down the American Flag, were so affected that they wept. As an evidence of the feeling among the representative men of our city, we will state that
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