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nd the conflict began to assume a sanguinary aspect. To oppose their advance we had two light guns and one regiment under Evans, Seventh and Eighth Georgia under Bartow, Fourth Alabama, Second, and two companies of the Eleventh Mississippi, and four guns of Imboden's battery under Bee — a total of six guns and five regiments agai seemed to fear that the attack was from our main body. In that conviction, they moved but slowly down towards the Red House Ford, where Bee's Mississippians and Bartow's Alabamians were struggling against the craftiness and numbers of Colonel Heintzelman. I have already recorded how five of their best regiments were successifields, our men never seemed weary of slaughter, although their own ranks were perceptibly thinning. It was while driving the enemy through the open that Bee and Bartow, riding in advance of their commands, fell mortally wounded. The latter, with colors in hand, survived a few moments, and, smiling on his comrades, said: They ha
informed, it is not my province to speak of them here. Leaving the direction of affairs to those responsible for them, and with unbounded confidence in their ability, our men betook themselves to gayety on a small scale, or occupied their leisure hours in writing home; the daily mail occasionally weighing not less than one ton. Strangers poured into Manassas daily to see the sights, and carry off relics. Uniforms, arms, buttons, caps, and even skulls were seized with avidity, and where Bartow, Bee, Fisher, and other heroes had fallen, the woods were stripped of every branch that could be converted into a walking-stick or cane. The vitiated tastes and vulgar curiosity of these people were disgusting. Hundreds of non-combatants daily trudged through the mud from field to field, examining localities with intense curiosity and loquacious patriotism. Even when, during warm weather, the effluvia from graves and unburied matter was unbearable, these relic-mongers might be seen, hove
ng black eyes, the erect head, the firm seat in the saddle, and the air of command. When this nervous figure passed at a rapid gallop along the line, the keen eyes peering from beneath the Zouave cap, the raw volunteers felt the presence of a soldier. The hard battle of Manassas followed, and as noon approached on that famous twenty-first of July, the Southern army seemed completely flanked-Beauregard outgeneralled. McDowell had turned the Confederate left, and, driving Evans, Bee, and Bartow before him, seized on the Henry-House hill, the key of the whole position. Beauregard was four miles off, awaiting an advance of his right wing and centre on the Federal rear at Centreville, ordered hours before. The order miscarried, and the advance was not made; at near two o'clock the troops were still within the lines of Bull Run, and on the extreme left nothing but the two thousand six hundred and eleven muskets of Jackson, with a few companies of Bee, was interposed between the South
night wore on, trains coming in occasionally only to disappoint the crowds that rushed to surround them. No one came who had seen the battle-all had heard what they related. And though no man was base enough to play upon feelings such as theirs, the love of common natures for being oracles carried them away; and they repeated far more even than that. Next day the news was more full, and the details of the fight came in with some lists of the wounded. The victory was dearly bought. Bee, Bartow, Johnson, and others equally valuable, were dead. Some of the best and bravest from every state had sealed their devotion to the flag with their blood. Still, so immense were the consequences of the victory now judged-to be, that even the wildest rumors of the day before had not told one half. At night the President returned; and on the train with him were the bodies of the dead generals, with their garde d'honneur. These proceeded to the Capitol, while Mr. Davis went to the Spotswood
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 4: details of the battle of Manassas. (search)
was at the Stone Bridge. Holmes' brigade, which had arrived from Aquia Creek, was some three miles in rear of Ewell's position. My brigade was in reserve to support Longstreet or Jones, as might be required, and Jackson's and parts of Bee's and Bartow's brigades of Johnston's army — which had arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad--were held as a general reserve to be used as occasion might require. The Warrenton Pike from Centreville to Warrenton crosses Bull Run at Stone Bridge, and its gener to the left to meet Hunter and encountered his advance north of the Warrenton Pike, sustaining his attack for some time, until overwhelming numbers were accumulated against him. Evans was being forced back when Bee, with the parts of his own and Bartow's brigades which had arrived, came to his assistance, and the advance of the enemy was stopped for some time until Heintzelman's division united with Hunter's and two of Tyler's brigades crossed over above Stone Bridge. Bee and Evans, though
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
3, 340, 368, 382, 383, 391, 402, 414, 455, 456, 460, 461 Banks' Ford, 208, 212, 229, 231, 233 Banks, General (U. S. A.), 75, 92, 101, 103, 112, 156, 157, 475 Barksdale, Colonel, 19, 20, 23, 25 Barksdale, General, 147, 149, 195, 196, 198, 200, 202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 218, 219, 221-25, 228, 232-34, 404 Barlow, General, 268 Barnett's Ford, 93 Bartlett's Mill, 318, 319, 320, 321, 324 Barton, Lieutenant, 240 Bartonsville, 241, 242, 368, 369 Bartow, General, 31, 32 Bath County, 459 Battle, General, 346, 422, 450 Baylor, Lieutenant, 461 Bealton, 307 Beauregard, General, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 29, 31, 33, 34; 35, 38, 44, 46, 47, 51, 52, 341 Beaver Dam Creek, 361, 362 Beckham, Lieutenant, 22, 25, 26, 38 Bedford City, 372, 374 Bedford County, 378 Bee, General, 31, 32, 37 Belle Grove, 437, 441 Benning, Colonel, 81, 82 Berkeley County, 366, 367, 368 Bermuda Hundreds, 360 Bernar
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 3 (search)
ounted men as so much powder to be consumed; and he consumed millions in his career of conquest. But still he conquered, which he could not have done without the consumption of life. And is it not better to consume life rapidly, and attain results quickly, than to await events, when all history shows that a protracted war, of immobile armies, always engulfs more men in the grave from camp fevers than usually fall in battle during the most active operations in the field? To-day I saw Col. Bartow, who has the bearing and eye of a gallant officer. He was attended by a young man named Lamar, of fine open countenance, whom he desired to have as his aid; but the regulations forbid any one acting in that capacity who was not a lieutenant; and Lamar not being old enough to have a commission, he said he would attend the colonel as a volunteer aid till he attained the prescribed age. I saw Ben McCulloch, also-an unassuming but elastic and brave man. He will make his mark. Also Capt. Mci
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, III. June, 1861 (search)
here-and will not be known until after-years,--that we have not enough ammunition at Manassas to fight a battle. There are not percussion caps enough in our army for a serious skirmish. It will be obviated in a few weeks; and until then I pray there may be no battle. But if the enemy advance, our brave men will give them the cold steel. We must win the first battle at all hazards, and at any cost; and, after that,--how long after? --we must win the last! June 19 Yesterday I saw Colonel Bartow, still accompanied by young Lamar, his aid. I wish all our officers were inspired by the same zeal and determination that they are. And are they not? June 20 Gov. Wise has been appointed brigadier-general, of a subsequent date to General Floyd's commission. He goes to the West, where laurels grow; but I think it will be difficult to win them by any one acting in a subordinate capacity, and especially by generals appointed from civil life. They are the aversion of the West Pointer
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, IV. July, 1861 (search)
killed. battle of Manassas. great excitement. Col. Bartow. July 1 My family are gone. We have moved July 24 Yesterday we received a letter from Col. Bartow, written just before the battle (in which he fellte, in the archives for preservation. July 25 Bartow's body has arrived, and lies in state at the Capitonteresting particulars of the battle. He said when Bartow's horse was killed, he, Lamar, was sent to another or another, and also to order up certain regiments, Bartow then being in command of a brigade. Lamar gallopedfire, with the intention of giving his own horse to Bartow, if none other could be had. On his return he encou paused, and promised as soon as he could report to Bartow he would return with that or another horse. Col. Jim kindly, but cautioned him against any neglect of Bartow's orders, saying he probably could not ride. Lamarhrough a storm of bullets, and, untouched, rejoined Bartow in time to witness his fall. Our prisons are fi
Almighty God, for (considering the circumstances) our unprecedented victory at Manassas. Our President and Congress requested that thanks should be returned in all of our churches. All rejoice for the country, though there are many bleeding hearts in our land. Among our acquaintances, Mr. Charles Powell, of Winchester, Col. Edmund Fontaine, of Hanover, and Mr. W. N. Page, of Lexington, each lost a son; and our friend, Mr. Clay Ward, of Alexandria, also fell. The gallant Generals Bee and Bartow were not of our State, but of our cause, and we all mourn their loss. Each mail adds to the list of casualties. The enemy admit their terrible disaster, and are busy inquiring into causes. This house has been a kind of hospital for the last month. Several sick soldiers are here now, men of whom they know nothing except that they are soldiers of the Confederacy. They have had measles, and are now recruiting for service. One who left here two weeks ago, after having been carefully nur
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