Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Chatham or search for Chatham in all documents.

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rior skill in gaining the love of the Red Men, and from despair at their own relative inferiority in numbers, had in former wars increased their strength by Indian alliances. These alliances the British king and his ministers now revived; and against their own colonies and kindred, wished to loose from the leash their terrible auxiliaries. The ruthless policy was hateful to every rightminded Englishman, and as soon as the design roused attention, the protest of the nation was uttered by Chatham and Burke, its great representatives; meantime the execution of the sanguinary scheme fell naturally into the hands of the most unscrupulous and subservient English officers, and the most covetous and cruel of the old French partisans. Chap. X.} 1774. Sept. Carleton, from the first, abhorred the measure, which he was yet constrained to promote. You know, wrote he of the Indians to Gage, what sort of people they are. It was true: Gage had himself, in the West and in Canada, grown thoroug
France had nothing to fear but the return of Chatham to power. The interests of Britain required Chatham's return; for he thoroughly understood the policy of the French as well as the dispositioFranklin's first conversation with Lord Howe, Chatham received him at Hayes. The congress, said herawn. The words sank deeply into the mind of Chatham, and he promised his utmost efforts to the Amk of nothing else both night and day. Like Chatham, Camden desired the settlement of the disputanch of the opposition in one line of policy, Chatham desired a cordial junction with the Rockinghand resisted. Burke, like his patron, pursued Chatham implacably, and refused to come to an underst over the colonies, he blindly insisted, that Chatham himself was the best bower anchor of the ministry. With far truer instincts, Chatham divined that peril was near, and that it could be averteearance of congress. So nothing remained for Chatham but to rely on himself. The opposition, thus[1 more...]
o plan of his own, presented papers relating to America. Burke complained of them as partial. Chatham, who alone among the public men of England had the sagacity and courage to propose what was necishing in the western forests this declaration of a purpose, which they were sure to make good, Chatham was attempting to rouse the ministry from its indifference. Your presence at this day's debatere he was still more conspicuous. So soon as Dartmouth had laid the papers before the house, Chatham rose, and after inveighing bitterly against the dilatoriness of the communication, moved to add the American jewel out of it, they will make the crown not worth his wearing. The words of Chatham, when reported to the king, recalled his last interview with George Grenville, and stung him toof their wisdom, justice, and propriety. Camden, who in the discussion surpassed every one but Chatham, returned to his old ground. This, he declared, I will say, not only as a statesman, politicia
ds to Massachusetts, must be on your own virtue and unanimity, which, under God, will bring you through all difficulties. There was no hope in England but from Chatham, who lost not a moment in his endeavor to prevent a civil war before it should be inevitably fixed; saying, God's will be done, end let the old and new world be monal recognition of the supremacy of parliament. Let us take care, said he, lest, instead of a thorn in the foot, we have a dagger in the heart. No sooner had Chatham concisely invited the assistance of the house in adapting his crude materials to the great end of an honorable and permanent adjustment, than Dartmouth spoke of tin my eye the person who drew it up, one of the bitterest and most mischievous enemies this country has ever known. The peers turned towards the American, when Chatham retorted: The plan is entirely my own; but if I were the first minister, and had the care of settling this momentous business, I should not be ashamed of publicly
no confidence could be placed in its author, who was the feeble head of an adverse ministry. Chatham, Chap. XXII.} 1775. Feb. wrote the French minister, can say like Scanderbeg, I give my scimitathe arm to wield it. The two systems, moreover, were essentially in contrast with each other. Chatham denied the right of parliament to tax; North asserted it; Chatham asked free grants from delibeChatham asked free grants from deliberative assemblies in the full exercise of the right to judge of their own ability to give; North put chains on the colonies, and invited them one by one to make a bid, each for its separate ransom; CChatham proposed to repeal the Massachusetts acts; North was silent about them. Yet even this semblance of humanity was grudged. To recover his lost ground with the extreme supporters of authority, ing them; would be divided by the mere hint of giving up the point of taxation. The plan, said Chatham, will be spurned; and every thing but justice and reason, prove vain to men like the Americans.
ver shunned responsibility, and never assumed too much. In every instance, his answers to the ministry and their emissaries, were those which the voice of America would have dictated, could he have taken her counsel. In him is discerned no deficiency and no excess. Full of feeling, even to passion, he observed, and reasoned, and spoke serenely. Of all men, he was a friend to peace; but the terrors of a sanguinary civil war did not confuse his perceptions or impair his decision. Neither Chatham, nor Rockingham, nor Burke, blamed Franklin for renouncing allegiance; and we shall see Fox once more claim his friendship, and Shelburne and the younger Pitt rest upon him with the confidence which he deserved. He went home to the work of independence, and, through independence, of peace. He was sailing out of the British channel with a fair wind and a smooth sea, when on the twenty- Mar. 22. second of March, on occasion of the bill prohibiting New England from the fisheries, Edmund B
g force from the first morning of creation. Prudent statesmanship would have asked anxiously for time to ponder, and would have missed the moment for decision by delay. Wise philosophy would have compared the systems of government, and would have lost from hesitation the glory of opening a new era on mankind. The humble trainbands at Concord acted, and God was with them. I never heard from any person the least expression of a wish for a separation, Franklin, not long before, had said to Chatham. In October, 1774, Washington wrote, No such thing as independence is desired by any thinking man in America. Before the nineteenth of April, 1775, relates Jefferson, I never had heard a whisper of a disposition to separate from Great Britain. Just thirtyseven days had passed, since John Adams in Boston published to the world: That there are any who pant after independence, is the greatest slander on the province. The American revolution did not proceed from precarious intentions. It
the ordnance department, declined to take part in sending stores to America, and after some delay, threw up his employment. Lord Chatham was the real conqueror of Canada for England; and Carleton had been proud to take to Quebec as his aide de camp Chatham's eldest son. But it was impossible for the offspring of the elder Pitt to draw his sword against the Americans; and his resignation was offered, as soon as it could be done without a wound to his character as a soldier. Admiral Keppel,dwich, who had been specially sent for; a man of talents, greedy alike of glory and of money, but incapable of taking the lead, for he was incapable of awakening enthusiasm. There was no good part for them to choose, except to retire, and leave Chatham to be installed as conciliator; but they clung to their places, and the stubborn king, whatever might happen, was resolved not to change his government. There existed no settled plan, no reasonable project; the conduct of the administration har
ed provincial troops, wearing a hunting shirt of coarse linen over their clothes, and a woodman's axe by their sides. The great civilian of Virginia came down from Albemarle with clear perceptions of the path of public duty. When parliament oppressed the colonies by the imposing of taxes, Jefferson would have been content with their repeal; when the charter and laws of Massachusetts were mutilated and set aside by the same authority, he still hoped for conciliation through the wisdom of Chatham. But after Lexington green had been stained with blood, Jefferson would no longer accept acts of repeal, unless accompanied by security against future aggression. The finances of Virginia were at this time much embarrassed; beside her paper currency afloat, she was burdened with the undischarged expenses of the Indian war of the last year. The burgesses approved the conduct of that war, and provided the means of defraying its cost; but the governor would not pass their bill, because it i