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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 30: addresses before colleges and lyceums.—active interest in reforms.—friendships.—personal life.—1845-1850. (search)
the solaces of a bachelor. Your fates will keep you in high places far from mine. In 1874 Mr. Bancroft had arranged for a winter home in Washington, and counted as one of the attractions of his new home a renewal of familiar intercourse with Sumner, which the Senator's death prevented. cordially received him. The last named wrote in December, 1850: We shall always have a plate for you at five o'clock, and we will add the stalled ox to our dinner of herbs, and have no strife. He visited William Jay at Bedford. Other visits were to his classmate Henry Winthrop Sargent at Fishkill-on-the-Hudson, to the Grangers at Canandaigua, the Wadsworths at Geneseo, and the Porters at Niagara. Occasionally he visited Saratoga. Sometimes he extended his journey to Canada. He had friends there,—among them Lord Elgin, Lord Elgin was the brother of Sir Frederick Bruce, afterwards minister to the United States, and of Lady Augusta Stanley. Lady Elgin was the daughter of the first Earl of Durham.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 32: the annexation of Texas.—the Mexican War.—Winthrop and Sumner.—1845-1847. (search)
cal war, and that our troops were sent to provoke a fight. A collision between small bodies of the two forces occurred April 25. There is a conflict of evidence as to which side made the first attack, but the question is not important. See William Jay's Review, pp. 140,141. The President, on receiving Taylor's report of the skirmish (for that was all it was), communicated his version of the affair to Congress, May 11, falsely alleging that Mexico has invaded our territory, and shed Amerongress does not, as in England, effect a change in the Administration. Addresses and Speeches, vol. i. pp. 565, 566. He quoted, as stating the principle of his course. a letter of John Jay, Nov. 1, 1814; and this drew a paper in reply from William Jay, printed in the New York Tribune, Feb. 1, 1847. J. Q. Adams, as well as Sumner, did not admit the pertinency of the distinction made by Winthrop. Delano of Ohio, in a reply to Winthrop, Feb. 2.1847, maintained that the difference between the
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 33: the national election of 1848.—the Free Soil Party.— 1848-1849. (search)
ore. To Charles Allen, Jan. 3, 1849:— I cannot forbear expressing to you my joy in the recent election in the Worcester district. Your triumph is a complete vindication of your own personal position, while it insures to our cause an influence over our State and in Congress which it would be difficult to estimate. I wish much that Mr. Palfrey had been returned. He is sure to succeed another time. Palfrey failed to secure a majority, and his Whig opponent was chosen. To William Jay, June 4:— Let me not delay my thanks to you any longer for your last most powerful effort in the cause of peace. I have read your Review of the Mexican War with the interest and gratitude inspired by all your productions. By a careful analysis of documents and of unquestionable facts you have shown the aggressive character of the mexican War, and still further the foul slaveholding motives in which it had its origin. I think that the just historian hereafter will be compelled to
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 35: Massachusetts and the compromise.—Sumner chosen senator.—1850-1851. (search)
. Advertiser, October 2ZZZ. It was reviewed in a pamphlet by William Jay, under the name of Hancock. As he declined a re-election, Williaacity. As to Webster,—Emerson calls him a dead elephant! To William Jay, February 19:— I have just read your admirable letter on C is an able lawyer, and of admirable abilities otherwise. To William Jay, March 23:— I thank you very much for writing that letter urday, the 6th. In reply to the Boston Advertiser's criticisms on Jay's previous paper on Webster. The paper is sometimes known as the res from literature that they fascinate as well as convince. To William Jay, June 1:— I am glad of your new appeal. Like everything finent, as your character and position are most prominent. To William Jay, September 5:— I take advantage of the leisure of this retrene worthy of our age, and full of auguries of the future. To William Jay, August 3:— I had already carefully read the judgment
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 36: first session in Congress.—welcome to Kossuth.—public lands in the West.—the Fugitive Slave Law.—1851-1852. (search)
heir efforts! I am truly glad to see that Mrs. Fish has become so warm a convert to principles which have as yet failed to win her husband. Mr. Seward himself wrote also from Auburn, September 22: Your speech is an admirable, a great, a very great one. That is my opinion; and every one around me, of all sorts, confesses it. The reformers were gladdened. Burritt, toiling in England for ocean penny postage, wept with joy and admiration while reading the magnificent speech. William Jay pronounced it worthy of the gentleman, the lawyer, and the Christian. His son John, as soon as he read the telegraphic report, wrote, I regard it as a triumph both for yourself and the cause of freedom; and a few days later, reading the revised copy, declared it a noble and unanswerable argument. James G. Birney, the Liberty candidate of 1844, expressed his great gratification, and anticipated the powerful effect it would produce on the country. William I. Bowditch, the Abolitionist (h
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 37: the national election of 1852.—the Massachusetts constitutional convention.—final defeat of the coalition.— 1852-1853. (search)
bill, and Mr. Mason of Virginia, its final author, with both of whom I have constant and cordial intercourse. This experience would teach me, if I needed the lesson, to shun harsh and personal criticism of those from whom I differ. But ours is a great battle, destined to be prolonged many years. It has a place for every nature; and I believe every man who is earnest against slavery. whatever name of party, sect, or society he may assume, does good. I welcome him as a brother. To William Jay, January 31:— I have hoped to see in the treaty on the fisheries now negotiating with England a clause providing arbitration instead of war. Mr. Everett is willing; so is the British minister; Mr. Crampton. but it is feared that the necessary instructions cannot be obtained in season from England. But there is another treaty of less importance, constituting a commission on certain outstanding claims, to which it may be attached, if it should be thought advisable. Mr. Everett do
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 39: the debate on Toucey's bill.—vindication of the antislavery enterprise.—first visit to the West.—defence of foreign-born citizens.—1854-1855. (search)
etropolitan Theatre, May 9, and repeated it in Niblo's Theatre and in Brooklyn. He had not spoken before in the metropolis, and the halls where he spoke were crowded with enthusiastic audiences. He was introduced on the different evenings by William Jay, Henry Ward Beecher, and Joseph Blunt. An invitation to speak in Philadelphia was pressed on him, but he declined it. Similar invitations came during the summer from most of the free States. The address was warmly praised in the newspapers, Works, vol. IV. p. 64. The Boston Post accused Sumner of expressing in Kentucky opinions on slavery different from those he expressed in Massachusetts,—a charge to which he replied by letter to that journal, Nov. 16, 1855. He wrote to William Jay, October 7:— My longing is for concord among men of all parties, in order to give solidity to our position. For this I am willing to abandon everything except the essential principle. Others many have the offices if the principle can b
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 40: outrages in Kansas.—speech on Kansas.—the Brooks assault.—1855-1856. (search)
territorial committee. His name there would have been a proclamation to the whole country, North and South, that on slavery in the Territories we are in earnest. There is much private and public gnashing of teeth over the committees. To William Jay, February 22:— The debate on Kansas has begun, and will drag along for weeks and months,—perhaps throughout the session. The Nebraska bill was pressed with whip and spur, in order to carry forward the plot; but I do not see any signs ofvery party, led by Douglas and his Southern allies, were determined to browbeat Northern senators,—to compel them to silence by threatening the penalties of treason; and the boldest of them were meditating personal violence. Sumner wrote to William Jay, May 6:— I regret that you are going out of the country during these coining months; for we shall need here the moral support that comes from the presence, if not the activity, of good men. Indeed, we are on the brink of a fearful crisi
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, chapter 14 (search)
rom thoughts concerning it, and constantly insisting upon more exercise in the open air and less addiction to books and engravings. During his absence Sumner received letters from many friends at home,—Dr. Howe, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Adams, S. P. Chase, Mr. and Mrs. Seward, John Jay, A. G. Browne, A. B. Johnson, and E. L. Pierce; and there were occasional letters from many others. Among deaths, while he was in Europe, of friends with whom he had been more or less intimate, were those of William Jay, Oct. 14, 1858; Prescott, Jan. 28, 1859; His last letter from Sumner was written from Aix-les-Bains, Sept. 15, 1858. Horace Mann, Aug. 2, 1859; Tributes to Mr. Mann may be found in Sumner's Works, vol. IV. p. 424; vol. v. p. 288. Dr. G. Bailey of the National Era, June 5, 1859; Sumner expected to meet Dr. Bailey in Paris, but he died at sea on his way to Europe. and Tocqueville, April 16, 1859. Theodore Parker died in Florence a few months later, May 10, 1860. Sumner wrote to
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 43: return to the Senate.—the barbarism of slavery.—Popular welcomes.—Lincoln's election.—1859-1860. (search)
s at Worcester he called masterpieces. Descriptions of Sumner as an orator, stating his peculiarities, were given by Theodore Tilton in the New York Independent, July 19, and by Mrs. Julia Ward Howe in the New York Tribune, November 16. Sumner, as usual, was more sensitive than he need to have been to the criticisms of old friends like Greeley and Bryant, and to the want of response from others; and in a letter to Gerrit Smith, June 11, he mentioned how much he missed Horace Mann, William Jay, and Theodore Parker, all recently deceased, of whose sympathy he was always assured. But the popular approval he received was all he could desire. He wrote, September 2, to R. Schleiden: Meanwhile the good cause advances. Massachusetts stands better, fairer, and squarer than ever before. Sumner was not altogether sure when the session began how much he could bear. He wrote to Whittier, Dec. 12, 1859:— At last I am well again, with only the natural solicitude as to the effect o