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M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 10 0 Browse Search
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Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
sons abroad to find and arrest Thyestes. the nurse took Agamemnon and Menelaus to Polyphides, lord of Sicyon,Polyphides is said to have been the twenty-fourth king of Sicyon and to have reigned at the time when Troy was taken. See Eusebius, Chronic. vol. i. coll. 175, 176, ed. A. Schoene. who again sent them to Oeneus, the Aetolian. Not long afterwards Tyndareus brought them back again, and they drove away Thyestes ts, Chrysothemis, Laodice, and Iphianassa (Iphigenia), and he offers to give any one of his daughters in marriage to Achilles without a dowry, if only that doughty hero will forgive him and fight again for the Greeks against Troy. Electra, the daughter of Agamemnon, who figures so prominently in Greek tragedy, is unknown to Homer, and so is the sacrifice of Agamemnon's third daughter, Iphigenia. And Menelaus married Helen and reigned over Sparta, Ty
Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
re he returned, with or without her, to Troy. This view the poet propounded by way o. 12.11-23. And they made ready to sail against Troy. So Agamemnon in person was in command o But not knowing the course to steer for Troy, they put in to Mysia and ravaged it, suears.Compare Hom. Il. 24.765ff., where Helen at Troy says that it was now the twentieth year since sount of how Telephus steered the Greek fleet to Troy after being healed of his grievous wound by Mount Pelion, and none of the Greeks at Troy, except Achilles, could wield it. See Hs encamped within sight of the walls of Troy. See Libanius, Declam. iii. and iv. (v the trees that looked across the narrow sea to Troy, where Protesilaus perished, burgeoned early bu, Laodamia thought it was himself returned from Troy, and she was glad; but when he was carried back Lemnos he was ransomed and returned to Troy, but meeting Achilles in battle a few d[21 more...]
Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
Achilles on condition that the siege of Troy was raised. In the negotiations which wpondent, Calchas prophesied to them that Troy could not be taken unless they had the b the wounded Philoctetes from Lemnos to Troy. According to Euripides, with whom Apollodorus,g disfigured himself, comes as a spy to Troy, and being recognized by Helen he makes Diomedes conveys the Palladium out of Ilium.” From this it appears that Ulysses mat expedition of Ulysses and Diomedes to Troy, and the stealing of the Palladium, seethe pedantic Tzetzes on the ground that Troy fell at midwinter; and he clinches the seus; for they say that they afterwards went to Troy.Compare Arctinus, Ilii Persis, summarizions Aethra as one of the handmaids of Helen at Troy (Hom. Il. 3.53). Quintus Smyrnaeus, , who, according to Hellanicus, went to Troy for the purpose of rescuing or ransomin[30 more...
Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
ius, and Polypoetes left their ships in Ilium and journeyed by land to Colophon, and had revealed to the Greeks the means by which Troy could be taken, and because in particular he hane, who had previously been betrothed to him in TroyIn this passage Apollodorus appears to fpromised her hand to Neoptolemus before Troy, and that on his return from the war Nelo, who had shot his father Achilles at Troy (see above, Apollod. E.5.3). On the sec After the sack of Ilium,This paragraph is quoted from Tzetzes, Scholiahe Sybarites; for on his return from Troy he settled in the territory of CrotoAcamas, the sons of Theseus, had gone to Troy to rescue their grandmother Aethra from maeon, who, according to some, arrived later at Troy, was driven in the storm to the home of Mopsus;of the custom of propitiating Athena at Troy by sending two Locrian virgins to her e[10 more...]<
Apollodorus, Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer), book E (search)
Ulysses, as some say, wandered about Libya, or, as some say, about Sicily, or, as others say, about the ocean or about the Tyrrhenian Sea. And putting to sea from Ilium, he touched at Ismarus, a city of the Cicones, and captured it in war, and pillaged it, sparing Maro alone, who was priest of Apollo.As to the adventures of Ulysses with the Cicones, see Hom. Od. 9.39-66. The Cicones were a Thracian tribe; Xerxes and his army marched through their country (Hdt. 7.110). As to Maro, the priest of Apollo at Ismarus, see Hom. Od. 9.196-211. He dwelt in a wooded grove of Apollo, and bestowed splendid presents and twelve jars of red honey-sweet wine, in return for the protection which he and his wife received at the hands of Ulysses. And when the Cicones who inhabited the mainland heard of it, they came in arms to withstand him, and having lost six men from each ship he put to sea
Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae (ed. Eugene O'Neill, Jr.), line 846 (search)
d yet you ask if he is in these parts. Euripides “He is no more! Oh! woe! where lie his ashes?” Mnesilochus “ 'Tis on his tomb you see me sitting.” Third Woman You call an altar a tomb! Beware of the rope! Euripides “And why remain sitting on this tomb, wrapped in this long veil, oh, stranger lady?” Mnesilochus “They want to force me to marry a son of Proteus.” Third Woman Ah! wretch, why tell such shameful lies? Stranger, this is a rascal who has slipped in amongst us women to rob us of our trinkets. Mnesilochus to Third Woman “Shout! load me with your insults, for little care I.” Euripides “Who is the old woman who reviles you, stranger lady?” Mnesilochus “ 'Tis Theonoe, the daughter of Proteus.” Third Woman I! Why, my name's Critylle, the daughter of Antitheus, of the deme of Gargettus; as for you, you are a rogue. Mnesilochus “Your entreaties are vain. Never shall I wed your brother; never shall I betray the faith I owe my husband, Menelaus, who is fighting before
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (ed. H. Rackham), Book 3, chapter 8 (search)
ardice, and the honors awarded to bravery; hence those races appear to be the bravest among which cowards are degraded and brave men held in honor. It is this citizen courage which inspires the heroes portrayed by Homer, like Diomede and Hector: Polydamas will be the first to flout me;Hom. Il. 22.100 ( Hector)—‘Alas, should I retire within the gates, Polydamas, . . .’ and Diomede says Hector will make his boast at Troy hereafter: “By me was Tydeus' son . . .”Hom. Il. 8.148—‘By me was Tydeus's son routed in flight Back to the ships.’ This type of courage most closely resembles the one described before, because it is prompted by a virtue, namely the sense of shame,For this emotion see 2.7.14, 4.9.1, where it is said not to be, strictly speaking, a virtue. and by the desire for something noble, namely honor, and the wish to avoid
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (ed. H. Rackham), Book 6, chapter 2 (search)
(Choice is not concerned with what has happened already: for example, no one chooses to have sacked Troy; for neither does one deliberate about what has happened in the past, but about what still lies in the future and may happen or not; what has happened cannot be made not to have happened. Hence Agathon is right in saying This only is denied even to God, The power to make what has been done undone.) The attainment of truth is then the function of both the intellectual parts of the soul. Therefore their respective virtues are those dispositions which will best qualify them to attain tr
Aristotle, Poetics, section 1456a (search)
een good poets in each style, to demand that a single author should surpass the peculiar merits of each. One must remember, as we have often said, not to make a tragedy an epic structure: by epic I mean made up of many stories—suppose, for instance, one were to dramatize the IIiad as a whole. The length of the IIiad allows to the parts their proper size, but in plays the result is full of disappointment. And the proof is that all who have dramatized the Sack of Troy as a whole, and not, like Euripides, piecemeal, or the Niobe story as a whole and not like Aeschylus, either fail or fare badly in competition. Indeed even Agathon failed in this point alone. In "reversals," however, and in "simple" storiesi.e., those that have no "Discovery" or "Reversal." See chapter 10. too,they admirably achieve their end, which is a tragic effect that also satisfies your feelings. This is achieved when the wise man, who is, however, unscru
Aristotle, Poetics, section 1459b (search)
narrative of each), few plays can be made out of them but many out of the Cypria or the Little Iliad, which are merely collections of lays on similar themes. The result is that out of an Iliad or an Odyssey only one tragedy can be made, or two at most, whereas several have been made out of the Cypria, and out of the Little Iliad more than eight, e.g. The Award of Arms, Philoctetes, Neoptolemus, Eurypylus, The Begging, The Laconian Women, The Sack of Troy, and Sailing of the Fleet, and Sinon, too, and The Trojan Women. The next point is that there must be the same varieties of epic as of tragedySee Aristot. Poet. 18.4.: an epic must be "simple or complex,"See chapter 10. or else turn on "character" or on "calamity." The constituent parts, too, are the same with the exception of song and spectacle. Epic needs reversals and discoveries and calamities, and the thought and diction too must be good. All these were used
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