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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Pea Ridge campaign. (search)
uns could not overwhelm about 4500 with 23 guns (including the reinforcements from the First and Second Divisions). The fight on this part of the field was, at the beginning, a wild, isolated, irregular struggle of single batteries and their supports, sometimes almost hand to hand, instead of in serried and well-defined lines;--this accounts for the great losses on both sides. It was here that the two brigades of Vandever and Dodge, with the 9th and 4th Iowa, the 35th Illinois, the 24th and Phelps's Missouri regiment, Hayden's and Jones's batteries, and two mountain howitzers of Bowen's battalion, assisted by a part of the 1st Missouri and 3d Illinois Cavalry, withstood the incessant onslaught of the two Confederate brigades of Colonel Little and General Slack and the Missouri State Guards with the greatest tenacity, yielding only step by step, when exhausted by losses and without ammunition. The death of McCulloch was not only fatal to his troops, but also a most serious blow to
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The gun-boats at Belmont and Fort Henry. (search)
Rodgers purchased, and Wharf-boat at Cairo. From a war-time photograph. he, with Commander Roger N. Stembel, Lieutenant S. L. Phelps, and Mr. Eads, altered, equipped, and manned, for immediate service on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, 3 wooden.-Commanding L. Paulding: 7 32-pounders, 2 8-inch, 4 rifled 42-pounders, 1 rifled boat-howitzer. Second Division: Lieut. S. L. Phelps, commanding: Conestoga, Lieut.-Commanding S. L. Phelps: 4 32-pounders; Tyler, Lieut.-Commanding William Gwin: 1 32S. L. Phelps: 4 32-pounders; Tyler, Lieut.-Commanding William Gwin: 1 32-pounder, 6 8-inch; Lexington, Lieut.-Commanding J. W. Shirk: 2 32-pounders, 4 8-inch. The Union loss as officially reported was: Cincinnati, killed, 1; wounded, 9. Essex, killed, 6; wounded, 18; missing, 5. Total killed, 7; wounded, 27; missing, 5. but the heavy rains had made the direct roads to the fort almost impassable. The wooden gun-boats Conestoga, Commander S. L. Phelps, Tyler, Lieutenant-Commander William Gwin, and Lexington, Lieutenant J. W. Shirk, engaged the enemy at long range
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The defense of Fort Henry. (search)
her men wildly throwing themselves into the swollen river. Admiral Foote reported that his flag-ship was struck thirty-eight times, and the commanding officers of gun-boats (with several of whom I had enjoyed a warm personal acquaintance) complimented me highly on what they termed the extraordinary accuracy of the fire. I believe that with effective guns the same precision of fire would have sunk or driven back the flotilla. The formal surrender was made to the naval forces; Lieutenant-Commander Phelps acting for Flag-Officer Foote, and I representing General Tilghman. The number captured, including Tilghman and staff, hospital attendants and some stragglers from the infantry, amounted to about seventy. During the evening a large number of army officers came into the fort, to whom I was introduced by my old messmates, Lieutenant-Commanders Gwin and Shirk. Here I first saw General Grant, who impressed me, at the time, as a modest, amiable, kind-hearted but resolute man. Whi
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing forces at Fort Donelson, Tenn. (search)
l. Wm. B. Woods. Brigade loss: k,3; w,24; m, 1 = 28. Unattached: Battery A, 1st Ill. Lt. Artillery, Lieut. P. P. Wood; A, 32d Ill. Infantry, Capt. Henry Davidson. Loss: w, 10. iron-Clads and gun-boats, Flag-Officer Andrew H. Foote (w). St. Louis (flag-ship), Lieut. Leonard Paulding, k, 2; w, 8; Carondelet, Commander Henry Walke, k, 5; w, 28; Louisville, Commander Benjamin M. Dove, k, 4; w, 5; Pittsburgh, Lieut. Egbert Thompson, w, 2; Tyler, Lieut.-Com. William Gwin; Conestoga, Lieut.-Com. S. L. Phelps. Total loss: k, 11; w, 43 =54. The vessels which had been in action at Fort Henry (see page 362) carried the same armament at Fort Donelson. The Louisville and Pittsburgh were each armed with 6 32-pounders, 3 8-inch, and 4 rifled 42-pounders. The Louisville had also 1 12-pounder boat-howitzer. The total loss of the Union forces (army and navy) was 510 killed, 2152 wounded, 224 captured or missing = 2886. Composition and losses of the Confederate army. 1 Brig.-Gen. Gideon
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The opposing forces at New Madrid (Island number10), Fort Pillow, and Memphis. (search)
hur O'Leary; G, 2d. Ill. Artillery, Capt. Frederick Sparrestrom. Union naval forces at Island number10. Flag-Officer A. H. Foote: Benton (flag-ship), Lieut.-Comr. S. L. Phelps; St. Louis, Lieut.-Comr. Leonard Paulding Cincinnati, Comr. R. N. Stembel; Pittsburgh, Lieut.-Comr. Egbert Thompson; Mound City, Comr. A. H. Kilty; Caronts range from 2000 to 7000, respectively. Union fleet at Fort Pillow, May 10TH, 1862. Capt. Charles Henry Davis, commanding pro tern. Benton (flagship), Lieut. S. L. Phelps; Carondelet, Comr. Henry Walke; Mound City, Comr. A. H. Kilty; Cincinnati, Comr. R. N. Stembel (w); St. Louis, Lieut. Henry Erben; Cairo, Lieut. N. C. Bryan Mound City, wounded, 1. Total, 4. Union fleet at Memphis, June 6TH, 1862. Flag-Officer Charles Henry Davis, commanding. Gun-boats--Benton (flagship), Lieut. S. L. Phelps; Louisville, Comr. B. M. Dove; Carondelet, Comr. Henry Walke; Cairo, Lieut. N. C. Bryant; St. Louis, Lieut. Wilson McGunnegle. Ram fleet-Queen of the West (
hey cut the telegraph and burned the bridge.--New Orleans Era. A party of sixty mounted rebels were encountered at a point between Woodburn and Franklin, Ky., by a detachment of Union troops, who defeated them and put them to flight. S. L. Phelps, commanding the Tennessee division of the Mississippi squadron, took on board his gunboats fifty-five men and horses of the First Western Tennessee cavalry, under the command of Colonel W. K. M. Breckinridge, and landed them on the east side ofifty horses, two army wagons, arms, etc. The court-house, which was the rebel depot, was burned, with a quantity of army supplies. The enemy lost three killed. The Nationals lost no men, but had one horse killed. Colonel Breckinridge, after this exploit, reached the vessel in safety, and recrossed the river.--Com. Phelps's Despatch. The battle of Raymond, Miss., was fought this day, between the rebels under General Gregg, and the Union troops commanded by General McPherson.--(Doc. 190.)
mself and to his officers and men. First at Belmont, then at Pittsburgh Landing, and now here, the Tyler has been of inestimable value, and has saved the fortunes of the day. The garrison, numbering but three thousand three hundred men, with lines entirely too extensive for such a force, evidently fought with a courage and determination without superior example in this war. Our loss in killed and wounded is about one hundred and eighty. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, S. L. Phelps, Lieutenant Commander Commanding Second Division, Mississippi Squadron. To Acting Rear-Admiral David D. Porter, Commanding Mississippi Squadron. headquarters District of eastern Arkansas, Helena, Ark., July 9, 1863. Admiral: I take pleasure in transmitting to you my testimony concerning the valuable assistance rendered me during the battle at this place on the fourth instant, by Lieutenant Commander James M. Pritchett, of the gunboat Tyler. I assure you, sir, that he not only acquit
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Naval operations in the Vicksburg campaign. (search)
for gun-boats. Later in the month a more important expedition was sent down the river. It was composed of the Benton, Mound City, and Bragg, together with four of Ellet's rams, the Switzerland, Monarch, Samson, and Lioness, all under Lieutenant-Commander Phelps, with a detachment of troops under Colonel Charles R. Woods. At Milliken's Bend, thirty miles above Vicksburg, the Confederate transport steamer Fairplay was captured, loaded with a heavy cargo of arms and ammunition. The gun-boats tun-boats patrolling the river below Helena, to enter the Yazoo and destroy the batteries as far up as possible. Accordingly, on the 11th of December the Marmora and Signal entered the river for twenty miles. They found that in the interval since Phelps's raid in August, the Confederates had been by no means idle. The channel was full of scows and floats, indicating torpedoes, one of which exploded near the Signal, while another was discharged by musket-balls from the Marmora. Next day, as the
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Union vessels in the Vicksburg operations. (search)
The Mississippi flotilla.--Rear-Admiral David D. Porter, commanding; Commander A. M. Pennock, Fleet Captain, Naval Station, Cairo. gun-boats.--Benton, Lieut.-Com. S. L. Phelps, Lieut.-Com. W. Gwin (Yazoo River, December, 1862), Lieut.-Com. J. A. Greer (Vicksburg, Grand Gulf), 16 guns; Essex, Com. W. D. Porter, Com. C. H. B. Caltt (St. Charles), Lieut.-Com. T. O. Selfridge, 4 guns, 1 howitzer; Lexington, Lieut. James W. Shirk (St. Charles, Yazoo River, Dec., ‘62, Arkansas Post); Lieut.-Com. S. L. Phelps (Cumberland River, Jan.,‘63); Lieut.-Com. Le Roy Fitch (Tennessee and Cumberland rivers); Lieut. G. M. Bache (White River), 6 guns; Sept., ‘62, 7 guns, 1. C. R. Ellet (passage of Vicksburg, March 25th, 1863). prizes.--Alfred Robb, Act. V. Lieut. J. Goudy, Act. Ens. W. C. Hanford, 4 howitzers; Eastport, Lieut.-Com. S. L. Phelps, 8 guns, 2 howitzers; Fair Play, Lieut.-Com. Le Roy Fitch; Act. Master Geo. J. Groves, September, 1862, 4 howitzers; May, 1863, 1 gun, 6 howitzers; Gener<
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The navy in the Red River. (search)
tion with Banks's army was to be made. The Eastport (Lieutenant-Commander S. L. Phelps), Osage (Lieutenant-Commander T. O. Selfridge), Fort o the fort at the head of his attacking column. Porter's orders to Phelps to push ahead were delayed by the dispatch vessel getting entangledn waving a white handkerchief in front of a handsome dwelling. Captain Phelps and myself stopped and went ashore to inquire the reason. He t the Osage and Lexington followed them. The Eastport (Lieutenant-Commander Phelps), the largest of our iron-clads, which had joined the sqrand Ecore, and her bottom was so badly injured that she sank. Captain Phelps was very proud of his ship, and went to work with a will to savrounded on a pile of snags. From the 21st to the 25th of April Captain Phelps, one of the bravest and most competent commanders in the squadrhampion No. 3 and No. 5, which being unarmed were destroyed. Captain Phelps concluded to wait till the next day to run the batteries, which
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