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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The first step in the War. (search)
ter were: Sullivan's Island, Brigadier-General R. G. M. Dunovant commanding, Lieutenant-Colonel Roswell S. Ripley, commanding the artillery: Five-gun Battery (east of Fort Moultrie), Captain S. Y. Tupper; Maffit Channel Battery (2 guns) and Mortar Battery No. 2 (2 10-inch mortars), Captain William Butler, Lieutenant J. A. Huguenin; Fort Moultrie (30 guns), Captain W. R. Calhoun: consisting of Channel Battery, Lieutenants Thomas M. Wagner, Preston, and Sitgreaves, Sumter Battery, Lieutenants Alfred Rhett and John Mitchell, and Oblique Battery, Lieutenant C. W. Parker; Mortar Battery No. 1 (2 10-inch mortars) and Enfilade Battery (4 guns), Captain James H. Hallonquist, Lieutenants Flemming, Jacob Valentine, and B. S. Burnet; the Point Battery (1 9-inch Dahlgren) and the Floating Iron-clad Battery (2 42-pounders and 2 32-pounders), Captain John R. Hamilton and Lieutenant Joseph A. Yates; the Mount Pleasant Battery (2 10-inchmortars),Captain Robert Martin, Lieutenant George N. Reynolds
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 1.1 (search)
floating batteries, prepared at such heavy cost and with every anticipation of success by the Federal Government, we had on our side: 1. Fort Sumter, under Colonel Alfred Rhett, with a garrison of seven companies of the 1st South Carolina Artillery (regulars); the guns it brought into action on that day being two 7-inch Brookes, tminutes, but which had been, for the enemy, a most disastrous defeat. The following are extracts from reports of officers in command or on duty that day. Colonel Rhett said: The enemy's fire was mostly ricochet and not very accurate; most of their shot passed over the fort, and several to the right and left. The greater The heavy Parrott shells used against its parapets had breached them and knocked away the bomb-proofs. It had become impossible to repair the damages done. Colonel Rhett and his artillery command of regulars had already been transferred to the batteries forming the inner defenses, which were now almost entirely completed, and m
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Confederate defense of Fort Sumter. (search)
us and protracted defense by the Confederate forces in the years 1863 and 1864. In the beginning of 1863 the fort was garrisoned by the greater part of the 1st South Carolina regiment of artillery, enlisted as regulars, and commanded by Colonel Alfred Rhett, Lieut.-Colonel Joseph A. Yates, and Major Ormsby Blanding. The drill, discipline, and efficiency of the garrison were maintained at the height of excellence. A spirit of emulation existed between this garrison and that of Fort Moultrie,rt for several days. The cause of the explosion was never discovered. A lower casemate on the western or city front, near the south-western angle, where the magazine lay, was occupied by Lieutenant Colonel Stephen Elliott (who had succeeded Colonel Rhett in command) and myself. As duty required night to be turned into day, we had not long turned day into night, but were fast asleep, when we were aroused by the noise of a great explosion, the dull sound of heavy falling masses, and the rush o
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The boat attack on Sumter. (search)
and the boat attacks on Cumming's Point and Fort Sumter, in September. On the other hand, General W. B. Taliaferro, who commanded on Morris Island at the time of the attack on Battery Wagner referred to by Major Johnson, states in the Philadelphia times, November 11th, 1882, that the Union signals were not interpreted on that occasion.--editors. Sumter was accordingly reenforced, Major John Johnson says of this statement: Sumter was not reenforced; but on the night of September 4th--5th, Rhett's enfeebled garrison had been relieved by Major Elliott and the Charleston Battalion of infantry, 320 strong. No troops after that date were sent to the fort before the boat attack on September 8th. and, when attacked, contained 450 men. One of our iron-clads was ordered to take up a position to sweep the approaches to the gorge with canister and grape. The guns in the shore batteries were loaded and trained upon the approaches to the fort, and the men were ordered to stand by their guns,
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The army before Charleston in 1863. (search)
he parapet could be seen in many places both on the sea and channel faces completely torn away from the terre-plein. The place, in fine, was a ruin, and effectually disabled for any immediate defense of the harbor of Charleston. Having accomplished the end proposed, orders were accordingly issued on the evening of the 23d for the firing to cease, having been continuously sustained for seven days. There had been thrown 5009 projectiles, of which about one-half had struck the fort. Colonel Alfred Rhett, C. S. A., commanding Fort Sumter, reports, August 24th, One 11-inch Dahlgren, east face, the only gun serviceable ; and on September 1st, We have not a gun en barbette that can be fired; only one gun and casemate. General Stephen Elliott, C. S. A., writes as follows: When I assumed command of Fort Sumter on the 4th of September, 1863, there were no guns in position except one 32-pounder in one of the north-west casemates. This gun was merely used for firing at sunset, and was
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing land forces at Charleston, S. C. (search)
., Col. L. M. Keitt; German Art'y, Capt. F. W. Wagener; Inglis (S. C.) Art'y, Capt. W. E. Charles; 1st S. C., Col. William Butler; S. C. Car., Capt. A..D. Sparks; E, 5th S. C. Cav., Capt. L. A. Whilden; II and K, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capts. H. R. Lesesne and A. S. Gaillard. Third Subdivision (Morris Island), Brig.-Gen. A. H. Colquitt: [The troops of this command were drawn from other subdivisions and appear in the commands to which they properly belonged.] Fourth Subdivision (Fort Sumter), Col. Alfred Rhett, Maj. Stephen Elliott, Jr.: B, D, and E, 1st S. C. Art'y; B, 27th Ga.; F, 28th Ga. Castle Pin(kney and Fort Ripley: G, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capt. W. H. Peronneau. [Subsequent to the fall of Morris Island other troops were detailed, in turn, to garrison Fort Sumter.] Fifth Subdivision, Brig.-Gen. W. G. DeSaussure: 1st S. C. (Mil.), Col. Ed. Magrath; 1st S. C. Art'y (Mil.), Col. J. A. Wagener; 18th S. C. (Mil.), Col. J. E. Carew; Battalion State Cadets, Maj. J. B. White; D and II, 5th S. C.
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sherman's march from Savannah to Bentonville. (search)
hich had garrisoned Charleston, commanded by Colonel Alfred Rhett. Kilpatrick's cavalry was in advance of they some of the skirmishers had come suddenly upon Colonel Rhett, accompanied by a few of his men, and had captured him. Rhett before the war had been one of the editors of the Charleston Mercury, one of the strongest secessn Charleston before the war had been acquainted with Rhett, and not wishing to have him under his immediate charge, he sent him to me. Rhett spent that night in my tent, and as I had also been stationed at Fort Moultrie in acquaintances in Charleston. The following morning Rhett was sent to the rear in charge of the cavalry. He whance to fight. One of my staff told me that he saw Rhett a few days later, trudging along under guard, but thxchanged a very coarse pair of army shoes for them. Rhett said that in all his troubles he had one consolatione capture of Macbeth's Charleston Battery and 217 of Rhett's men. The Confederates were found behind another li
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The opposing forces in the campaign of the Carolinas. (search)
. Abercrombie; 17th Ala., Col. E. P. Holcombe; 27th Ala. (consolidated 27th, 35th, 49th, 55th, and 57th Ala.), Col. Ed. McAlexander. Anderson's (late Taliaferro's) division, Maj.-Gen. Patton Anderson. Elliott's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Stephen Elliott, Jr., Lieut.-Col. J. Welsman Brown: 22d Ga. Batt'n Art'y, Maj. M. J. McMullan; 27th Ga. Batt'n, Maj. A. L. Hartridge; 2d S. C. Art'y, Lieut.-Col. J. W. Brown, Maj. F. F. Warley; Manigault's S. C. Batt'n, Lieut. H. Klatte, Capt. Thomas G. Boag. Rhett's Brigade, Col. William Butler: 1st S. C. (regulars), Maj. T. A. Huguenin, Lieut.-Col. Warren Adams; 1st S. C. Art'y, Lieut.-Col. Joseph A. Yates; Lucas's S. C. Batt'n, Maj. J. J. Lucas, Capt. T. B. Hayne. Walthall's (late McLaws's) division, Maj.-Gen. E. C. Walthall. Harrison's Brigade, Col. George P. Harrison, Jr.: 1st Ga. (regulars), Col. R. A. Wayne; 5th Ga., Col. C. P. Daniel; 5th Ga. Reserves, Maj. C. E. McGregor; 32d Ga., Lieut.-Col. E. 11. Bacon, Jr.; 47th Ga. and Bonaud's Bat
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 7: the siege of Charleston to the close of 1863.--operations in Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. (search)
ssages of wrath. Its distance from Charleston, in a direct line, was 8,800 yards, or about five miles; and to carry a shell that distance, it had to be fired at an elevation of thirty-five degrees. Gillmore's preparations for attack were all completed by the middle of August, and on the morning of the 17th, August. the heavy guns of twelve batteries and from Dahlgren's entire naval force at hand, were opened on Forts Sumter and Wagner and Battery Gregg, the first in command of Colonel Alfred Rhett, the second under Colonel Lawrence M. Keitt, and the third under Captain Lesesene. Fort Sumter, lying at a distance of two miles and a half from Gillmore's batteries, was the chief object of attack, for it was necessary to make it powerless for offensive purposes before the siege of Fort Wagner might be prosecuted, without great loss of life. Upon it Gillmore's breaching-guns and the heavy ones of the Passaic and Patapsco (the monitors lying at a distance of two thousand yards) were
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 36: operations of the South Atlantic Squadron under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, 1863.--operations in Charleston harbor, etc. (search)
n Sumter to-day was exceedingly heavy, but not so accurate as heretofore. About noon the flag was shot away, but soon replaced; no casualties are reported. Col. Alfred Rhett is commanding, and the garrison is stout-hearted. The battery of Parrott guns is distant from Sumter 25/8 miles. The missiles used ale 200-pdr. bolts, eiose up; the fire was very damaging. The east wall was crushed and breached, and the shot swept through the fort. A shell burst, wounding Lieutenant Boylston, Colonel Rhett and three other officers. The fort (Sumter) is now in ruins. Colonel Rhett is ordered to hold this outpost, even as a forlorn hope, until relieved or takenColonel Rhett is ordered to hold this outpost, even as a forlorn hope, until relieved or taken. Colonel Gaillard was killed. General Gillmore sent a communication at 11 o'clock, giving notice that at 11 o'clock to-morrow he would open fire again on Charleston. Charleston, August 24th. The enemy's fire on Sumter slackened to-day. The fleet has not participated. At 12 o'clock last night the enemy's guns op
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