ent growing unusually obstinate in his new fancy, Floyd sought refuge in the suggestion that General Scott be consulted.
Scott was a Virginian; Floyd secretly thought he would fall in with the curreScott was a Virginian; Floyd secretly thought he would fall in with the current secession drift, and perhaps officially advise the surrender or evacuation of the forts to conciliate South Carolina.
General Scott, scarcely able to rise from his sick bed in New York, hastenGeneral Scott, scarcely able to rise from his sick bed in New York, hastened to Washington on December 12th.
Floyd had hitherto with studied neglect kept him excluded from knowledge of War Department affairs; but now, for the first time consulted, and recognizing the grav sent.
Floyd was surprised, disappointed, disconcerted.
He summarily rejected the advice of Scott, as he had opposed that of Cass.
Seizing adroitly upon a phrase of Buchanan's message, which aix with memorable vigor-joined heartily in preparation to vindicate the national authority.
General Scott was placed in military control; and the President, being for a period kept by loyal advice i
Under such apprehension, however, Mr. Buchanan authorized General Scott to assemble sufficient troops at Washington to insure both a peaceable coune, nor could they be organized for many months.
After mature consideration General Scott advised the President that it was practically impossible to relieve or reinong the plans of relief was one urged by Captain G. V. Fox, who, even under General Scott's adverse criticism, convinced the President and a majority of the Cabinet Convention was evidently playing fast and loose with treason; and finally, General Scott was so far wrought upon by the insane cry for concession to gratify the mors, because of Buchanan's January truce, and of the technical objection that General Scott's order had not come through the regular channels of the Navy Department. up Sumter, and of his belief that the President, upon the recommendation of General Scott, would order its evacuation.
This was about the time of the first Cabinet
ts buildings, archives, and officers, is, of course, a constant and a paramount necessity.
To guard the City of Washington against a rumored plot of seizure by the conspirators, President Buchanan had in January permitted Secretary Holt and General Scott to concentrate a small number of regular troops in it. Some of these had ever since remained there.
As soon as President Lincoln decided to send provisions to Sumter, he had, in anticipation of coming dangers, ordered General Scott to take aGeneral Scott to take additional measures for the security of the capital, and to that end authorized him to muster into the service of the United States about fifteen companies of District militia.
When Sumter fell and the proclamation was issued, as a still further precaution the first few regiments were ordered directly to Washington.
To the Massachusetts Sixth belongs the unfading honor of being the first regiment, armed and equipped for service, to respond to the President's call.
Mustering on Boston Commo
company of regulars had been guarding it since January. One of General Scott's first orders was to have a volunteer regiment detached to reiation made to bring away the more valuable ships.
It was Gen. eral Scott's design to advance troops to its support the moment Fortress Monroole matter had been under the almost constant investigation of General Scott and his subordinates since January; and officers of earnestness served their term loyally and honorably.
Chiefly, however, General Scott relied on some six companies of troops from the regular army, wurther bloodshed be avoided by stopping the transit of troops.
General Scott, to whom the request was at once referred, desiring the speedy mbers called on the President and discussed chances and rumors; General Scott conferred with his subordinates, and made daily confidential rehe President and Cabinet were not only calm, but hopeful, under General Scott's assurance that, with his present force, the city and all the
ths volunteers became necessarily limited and confined to a few local objects.
The mature experience and judgment of General Scott decided that it would be useless, considering their very short term of service, to undertake with their help more tha time to gather strength at home, or draw any considerable supplies or help from Virginia.
The President authorized General Scott to suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus within certain limits, and empowered him to arrest or disperse men, part of whom were the now famous Massachusetts Sixth, and during the night entrenched himself on Federal Hill.
General Scott reprimanded the hazardous movement; nevertheless, the little garrison met no further molestation or attack, and soon, lately promoted to be Colonel of the First Cavalry.
Lee was an officer of great promise, and a personal favorite of General Scott, who at once conceived the idea of putting him at the head of the Union army about to take the field; and, on Saturd
They had in January, as they believed, perfected an intrigue for the surrender of the arsenal, by the officer in charge, into their hands and control.
That arrangement was soon blighted by the arrival of reinforcements ordered there by General Scott to protect the place, under command of an officer afterward famous-Captain Nathaniel Lyon, of the Second United States Infantry.
Lyon was a man of outspoken anti-slavery principles, of unswerving loyalty to his flag, and of unsleeping vigilance over his post and the Government interests.
By the middle of February enough recruits had been added by General Scott to his own company of eighty trained regulars to raise his force to four hundred and eighty-eight men.
Holding the same political convictions and patriotic impulses, Lyon and Blair became quickly united in an intimate personal friendship; and very soon, also, Lyon's regulars and Blair's Home Guards sustained each other in a mutual reliance and protection.
nlooked — for success at Bull Run had greatly encouraged the rebellion, but it felt the menace of growing danger in the West.
Fremont had been sent to St. Louis, and, with a just pride in his former fame, the whole Northwest was eager to respond to his summons, and follow his lead in a grand and irresistible expedition down the Mississippi River in the coming autumn, which should open the Father of Waters to the Union flag and sever the territory of the Confederacy — a cherished plan of General Scott.
The rebel General Pillow-somewhat wordy, but exceedingly active, and as yet the principal military authority in Tennessee-had long been warning Jefferson Davis to prepare against such an enterprise.
He had been working with great energy to fortify Memphis, and, by the middle of May, reported that he would soon have twenty pieces in battery.
But at the same time he prophesied that an effort will be made to effect a lodgment at Columbus, fortify that place, and, with a strong invadi
udiate the treasonable revolt of East Virginia.
Circumstances favored their design.
Under President Lincoln's call, the large and populous State of Ohio, West Virginia's nearest neighbor, was organizing thirteen regiments of three months volunteers.
This quota entitled her to a major-general; and to this important command Governor Dennison appointed a young officer of thorough West Point training and varied experience-Captain George B. McClellan.
He was also a personal favorite of General Scott, who had such confidence in his ability that he soon (May 3d) placed him in command of the Military Department of the Ohio, created to include the three States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, with headquarters at Cincinnati, and to which West Virginia was not long after attached.
The blockade of Washington, and other incidents, had served to keep Western quotas of troops on the Ohio line, and the Unionists of West Virginia thus found a substantial military force at once in their immedi
and as a major-general in the Mexican War; General Scott regarded him as an excellent second in comage seemed, to the minds of both Patterson and Scott, to present combined reasons for an early recan the evacuation of Harper's Ferry?
asked General Scott by telegraph.
Design no pursuit; cannot mnactive, and without definite plans.
When General Scott withdrew the temporary reinforcements he h Heights and Alexandria; the President and General Scott were deliberating upon possible operationsolved on at Washington.
As a preliminary, General Scott once more suggested a definite task to Pate task.
Following this established usage, General Scott, by his orders and directions from July 1McDowell.
I telegraphed to you yesterday, was Scott's language, if not strong enough to beat the e
But the wishes of the Administration and General Scott were not allowed to depend alone on the cuforces to that line; while a dispatch from General Scott of the same date, in reply to a former let[5 more...]
of Bull Run, and for this he was urgent in demanding large reinforcements.
As has been already mentioned, it was General Scott's opinion that the Government ought not to engage in any military undertakings with the three months volunteers, beyotating to the pride of the North, and the fires of patriotic resentment once more blazed up with fresh intensity.
General Scott's first project of an expedition against Manassas was made about the beginning of June, the object then being not to 29th, in which President Lincoln, his Cabinet, and the principal military officers took part.
As already mentioned, General Scott was opposed to the undertaking; but, after it was once resolved upon, he joined with hearty good — will in every effowell was emphatic in his protest that he could not hope to beat the combined armies of Johnston and Beauregard; uponwhich Scott gave him the distinct assurance: If Johnston joins Beauregard, he shall have Patterson on his heels.
With this understan