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John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army 1,342 2 Browse Search
Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 1 907 5 Browse Search
Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 3 896 4 Browse Search
Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 2 896 4 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 848 2 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 585 15 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 512 6 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 3: The Decisive Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 508 0 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 359 7 Browse Search
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley) 354 24 Browse Search
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John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter II (search)
I unlocked what little recollection I had of the route and my general knowledge of the country, and prepared a very beautiful map and a quite elaborate itinerary, with which the inspector-general seemed greatly pleased. But I took great care, in addition, to send a man with him who had been with me, and who was a good guide, so I felt quite safe respecting any possible imperfections that the inspector-general might find in my work. I never heard anything more about that matter until General Sherman and I met General Canby at Portland in 1870. At that time we had a little laugh at my expense respecting the beauty of that map of mine, and the accuracy with which I had delineated the route. But as I was then a major-general, and Canby was a brigadier-general under my command, I was not subjected to the just criticism I deserved for having forgotten that map and itinerary at the time I made the march. The next step in the strategical operations designed by the War Department for
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter VI (search)
ton from General Grant, then commanding the Military Division of the Mississippi, saying it was necessary to relieve General Foster, on account of ill-health, from the command of the Department and Army of the Ohio, and to appoint a successor. Upon being asked whom he wanted for that command, Grant replied: Either McPherson or Schofield. Among the changes then known in Washington to be in the near future was Grant's elevation to the command of all the armies, to be naturally followed by Sherman's succession to that of the Division of the Mississippi, and McPherson's to that of the Army of the Tennessee. But Grant alone, perhaps, had no right to anticipate those changes, hence he gave his just preference to my senior, McPherson. Halleck handed me Grant's despatch, and asked me how I would like that. I replied: That is exactly what I want; nothing in the world could be better. He then told me to take the despatch to the President, which I immediately did, and in handing it to
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter VII (search)
armies for the Atlanta campaign comments on Sherman's memoirs faulty organization of Sherman's ad. . . . Grant was here in the winter, and Sherman only a few days ago. They are fully acquaintethe just and generous treatment shown by General Sherman toward me from the beginning of that campints in the history of those campaigns of General Sherman in which I was one of his principal suborn and Resaca. Here I have always thought General Sherman committed the mistake, so common in war (been a little timid. I believe the error was Sherman's, not McPherson's; that McPherson was correc that night, and at daylight the next morning Sherman would have found in the enemy's trenches at D day the next morning, while the main body of Sherman's army was far away on the other side of Rockretreat, would have succeeded any better than Sherman's, yet it gave greater promise of success, ander of date of those I wish to consider. General Sherman does not allude to it at all in his Memoi[38 more...]
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter VIII (search)
Chapter VIII Sherman's displeasure with Hooker Growing out of the affair at Kolb's Farmefore the hour of Hooker's signal-despatch to Sherman expressing anxiety about our extreme right. ved the idea, as indicated by his despatch to Sherman, that Johnston had drawn his main force from y to those who are comparatively young. When Sherman read Hooker's despatch, which he interpreted terview in the little church described by General Sherman (Sherman's Memoirs, Vol. II, page 59). Ing generals were unwilling to attempt it. Had Sherman divided his army in such a way, and struck atr aid. This action of mine was taken with General Sherman's knowledge and approval, and was the cormemory is only that of conversations with General Sherman during the day, and he ought to be much bth Corps, as such. Nor do I believe with General Sherman that its slowness on that occasion was duobably the gravest responsibility of war. Yet Sherman's opinion and decision would have placed this[45 more...]
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter IX (search)
oposed by General Sherman extra hazardous, as Sherman says in his Memoirs (Vol. II, page 106). I dseph E. Johnston told me that in his judgment Sherman's operations in Hood's rear ought not to haveattacked Atlanta from the rear, or to strike Sherman's rear or flank in full force if he made any n to Atlanta while the other went to head off Sherman, was the worst disposition that could have beeat on the McDonough road, and hold him until Sherman could dispose of Hardee or interpose his armye at that time! It had to be left for two of Sherman's corps, after the other four had gone on theions resulting therefrom. But some things in Sherman's account seem to require a little elucidatio Chattanooga valley. I sent a courier to General Sherman informing him of my purpose, and informeompelled to follow, and thus would leave him (Sherman) a clear road for his march to the sea. Indeehousand strong, was ordered to Tennessee, and Sherman also ordered Stanley, with the Fourth Corps, [58 more...]
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter X (search)
ngineers, now dead, who afterward made the famous ride of one hundred and ten miles, through the enemy's country in North Carolina, to carry a despatch from me to Sherman. He was a commissioner of the District of Columbia at the time of his death. I ordered them to go at full gallop down the pike to Franklin, and to ride over whar to the rear in permanent disgrace for sacrificing his men in a hopeless assault upon a fortified line, contrary to the general orders and instructions which General Sherman had published before the opening of the campaign. But I never heard of another similar case of even approximate justice to an officer of high rank. It is a sed whether we ought not to have held our position in front of Franklin after having repulsed Hood's attack and inflicted such heavy losses upon his troops. General Sherman himself impliedly made this suggestion when he expressed the opinion that Thomas ought to have turned on Hood after his repulse at Franklin; and General Jacob
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XI (search)
the immediate command of a superior— Buell, Rosecrans, and Sherman. Even in the Atlanta campaign, then recently ended, his chis probably accounts in part for the discrepancies in General Sherman's estimates referred to later. Hood's forces were t000 cavalry, including Forrest's command. I find from General Sherman's despatch to Thomas, dated October 19, that his estimt information, and not upon any afterward obtained. General Sherman estimated the force left with Thomas See his Memoir4800. There were therefore the following discrepancies in Sherman's estimate, due in part to the discharge of men whose termt, by November 29, the mounted cavalry force stated by General Sherman—viz., 7700; but only 4800 of that force joined the armaffect it.—a total discrepancy of 13,635. That is to say, Sherman's own estimate was in excess of Thomas's actual strength bis not there, but that he has also divided his forces. W. T. Sherman, Major-General. War Records, Vol. XXXIX, part III, p.<
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XII (search)
s character before we ever met in battle, the following incident seems worthy of mention. When Sherman's army, after crossing the Chattahoochee River, was advancing on Atlanta,—my troops being in the center,—General Sherman was on the main road, a little in rear of me. My advance-guard sent back to me an Atlanta paper containing an account of the visit of President Davis, and the order relieving General Johnston and assigning General Hood to the command of the army. General Sherman erroneously says one of General Thomas's staff officers brought him that paper. General Thomas was then off to the right, on another road. I stopped until Sherman came up, and handed him the paper. After reading it he said, in nearly, if not exactly, the following words: Schofield, do you know Hood? Whn he is. He'll hit you like h—l, now, before you know it. Soon afterward, as well described by Sherman, the sound of battle to our right gave indication of the heavy attack Hood's troops made upon T<
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XIII (search)
ness of Hood's position letters to Grant and Sherman transferred to the East financial burden ofs probably due to some doubt of the wisdom of Sherman's plan of going off with his main army before to Grant's first advice; to the discovery of Sherman's error in supposing he had left Thomas in coations, that I wrote to General Grant and General Sherman, giving them briefly my views upon the su the letters, above referred to, to Grant and Sherman, whose appreciation of the views therein exprl: My corps was sent back to Tennessee by General Sherman, instead of remaining with him on his maruly, J. M. Schofield, Major-General. Major-General Sherman, Commanding, etc., Savannah, Ga. ion and instructions of General Grant and General Sherman were that General Thomas should, as soon essee till some time the next spring. If General Sherman had confided to General Thomas, as he dipposed, as he might naturally have done, that Sherman had only shifted his base with a view to furt[3 more...]
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XIV (search)
ion of the absence of orders the Phraseology of General Thomas's report. the official records, Hood's statement, and Sherman's estimate, made at the time, agree pretty closely in placing Hood's infantry force at about 30,000 men when he crossed an overestimate of the Confederate strength, in view of the means of information in his possession and the estimate General Sherman had given him before he started for Savannah, it is difficult to conjecture. But the fact is now beyond question thred by a giant full of strength and vigor upon a gladiator already beaten and reduced in strength nearly to exhaustion. Sherman was not very far wrong when he said that the battle of Nashville was fought at Franklin. The gladiator had been reducedlle, ranging all the way from the view taken in historical accounts heretofore published to the opinion expressed by General Sherman, in language intended of course to be hyperbolical, namely, that the battle of Nashville was fought at Franklin. Th
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