sday, the thirtieth, General Lee ordered the line of march to be taken up for Gettysburgh, twenty miles distant in an easterly direction.
In this movement Hill's corps was in the advance, and in the following order: Heth's division, Pender's division, Anderson's division; then Longstreet's corps, McLaws's division, Hood's division — Pickett's division being left at Chambersburgh to protect our rear and convoy the reserve trains.
Two miles from Fayetteville we crossed the South-Mountain at Stephens's (Thaddeus) iron works, all of which were completely destroyed.
Owing to the narrow road through the mountain pass, only two divisions of Hill's corps crossed the mountain on the thirtieth.
Earry on Wednesday Hill's remaining division (Anderson's) and Longstreet's corps moved on after Hill's advance.
At ten o'clock A. M. on the first instant, Heth's division being ahead, encountered the enemy's advance line — the Eleventh corps--about three miles west of Gettysburgh.
Here a sharp en