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Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 2: early political action and military training. (search)
oderation, and full control which Bishop Fenwick had of the Catholic citizens of Boston prevented retaliation, the consequences of which might have been awful. The Catholic Church, which owned the property, permitted the blackened ruins to be left standing as they were, refusing all offers of purchase of the site; and it was first encroached upon under the right of eminent domain by taking part of it for a street. All in vain were the efforts of the officers of justice of the county of Middlesex to bring to justice the offenders who committed this monstrous arson. John R. Buzzell, a brickmaker, who led the riot, and who confessed that he had done so, was tried and acquitted. A boy of seventeen, Marvin Marcy Jr., who had been drawn into the affair purely for love of mischief, was alone convicted, and he was set at liberty at the expiration of seven months. Arson in the night-time was then punishable by death. No man doubts that there never was a more outrageous transaction, or o
wenty-six men, as I remember the numbers, all but seven had to be hoisted over the side because it was impossible for them to help themselves. Among them was my client. After examining the question I brought suit against the captain of the ship, alleging that my client had had the scurvy because the vessel had not taken any sufficient supplies of fresh provisions and vegetables for a long voyage, and because the captain did not stop anywhere to get any. The suit was brought in the County of Middlesex, of course, where my client lived. The owner of the vessel, who stood at the head of the East India trade, took the suit in great dudgeon. He said he did not want any country lawyer — meaning me — to control the method of fitting out ships for the East India trade; that it was as good as it could be; that everything for their comfort and convenience was given to the crew, and that the case should be fought as far as he could go. He employed a lawyer, afterwards Engraved from a lif
Chapter 1: Name and location. Medford, a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, lies in 42° 25′ 14″ 42, north latitude, and 71° 07′ 14″ 32, west longitude. It is about five miles N. N. W. from the State House in Boston; and about four miles N. W. by N. from Bunker-Hill Monument. It borders on Somerville, West Cambridge, Winchester, Stoneham, Melrose, and Malden. It received the name of Meadford from the adventurers who arrived at Salem, in May, 1630, and came thence to settle here in June. When these first comers marked the flatness and extent of the marshes, resembling vast meads or meadows, it may have been this peculiarity of surface which suggested the name of Meadford, or the great meadow. In one of the earliest deeds of sale it is written Metford, and in the records of the Massachusetts Colony, 1641, Meadfoard. The Selectmen and Town-clerks often spelled it Meadford ; but, after April, 1715, it has been uniformly written Medford. No reason is given for th
t maintaining a bridge across the Wears. Aug. 17, the town put to vote whether the town will choose a Committee to answer a presentment by the grand jury of the want of a bridge over the Wear; said answer to be made at Concord Court next. Voted in the affirmative. The next important action of the town was May 29, 1746. They petition Gov. Shirley and the General Court to order a bridge built over the Wears, and then apportion the expense upon the towns that would most use it; or on Middlesex County. The just decision of the Court was, that Medford and Charlestown should build a bridge, and each pay half the expenses and keep it in repair. August, 1747: The General Court order that Samuel Danforth, William Brattle, and Edmund Trowbridge, Esquires, be a Committee of said Court, empowered and directed to cause a good and sufficient bridge to be erected over the place called the Wears, between Charlestown and Medford; one-half of the charge to be paid by the town of Charlestown, and
paid to the collector of the town-taxes was sixpence on the pound. 1753: We give here a specimen of the petitions offered by Medford to the government for grants of land:-- To his Excellency William Shirley, Esq., Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, to the Honorable His Majesty's Council, and to the Honorable House of Representatives. The petition of the inhabitants of the town of Medford, in the County of Middlesex, humbly showeth that there are certain tracts of land lying on the southerly and northerly sides of said Medford, which are bounded as follows, viz.: The southerly tract, lying in Charlestown, is bounded northerly with Mistic or Medford River, westerly with the westerly bounds of Mr. Smith's farm, southerly with the southerly bounds of Mr. Smith's, Mr. James Tufts's, and Mr. Jonathan Tufts's farms, and then running from the south-easterly corner of said Jonathan Tufts's farm eastward
own, be sold at public auction. When the first gush of republican joy was over, and the town became settled in the new ways of freedom, then they began to ask how much independence had cost, in pounds, shillings, and pence. To give only two specimens of individual zeal in the cause of independence among us, we may mention the remark of our first Medford merchant, Benjamin Hall, Esq.:-- When the struggle began, in 1775, I would not have exchanged my property for that of any man in Middlesex County; and now, in 1784, I am worth nothing. The other case is that of Rev. Edward Brooks. He was librarian of Harvard College two years. On the 19th of April, 1775, he hastened towards Lexington, and did duty through the day. Lieut. Gould, taken prisoner at Concord, was committed to his custody at Medford. He was chaplain in the frigate Hancock, in 1777, when she captured the British frigate Fox. Afterwards, when the Hancock and Fox were retaken by the British off Halifax, he was carr
by the same media. At a Court of Elections at Boston the 14th of the third month, 1645, the levy upon the towns of the Province was £ 616. 15s.; and Medford's amount was £ 7. There were three kinds of taxes,--province, county, and town. The first tax-bills of Massachusetts Colony, which were made out by counties, began October, 1659 ; and, in these, the tax of Meadford was far lower than that of any adjoining town. In 1657, Meadford was taxed as one of the towns of the county of Middlesex, in a county levy, £ 3. 6s. 11d.; in 1658, £ 3. 3s. 1d.; in 1663, £ 4. 4s. 6d.; in 1670, £ 4. 12s.; in 1674, £ 4. 3s. 10d.; in 1676, £ 4. 1s. 10d. During these years, Cambridge was paying £ 40; Woburn, £ 25; Malden, £ 16; and Charlestown, £ 60. A county-tax of £ 1. 13s. 9d., levied on Meadford, Jan. 17, 1684, was paid by the inhabitants as follows:--  £s.d. Capt. Jonathan Wade064 Capt. Nathaniel Wade043 John Hall033 Caleb Brooks0111 Thomas Willis037 Stephen Willis0110 Pet
f Mistick-side men, they are granted to be a distinct town, and the name thereof to be called Mauldon. 1649.--The Middlesex County Records before this date are lost. 1649.--Horses must be registered in a book kept in each town. In a neighborformerly he used to be. 1657.--The name of Jonathan Wade first appears on the records of the registry of deeds in Middlesex County, June 11, 1657. Its next occurrence, May 20, 1662. 1670.--Some Indian children were brought up in our English fas a hearing before the council concerning the question, whether Cambridge or Charlestown should be the shire-town of Middlesex County. Judge Sewall says, Mr. Auchmuty pleaded very well for Charlestown. His discourse was very well worth hearing. Mr., covered with tar, were the imflammable materials used to express the jubilation. The first register of deeds in Middlesex County chosen, Dec. 20, 1784. There was but one candidate,--William Winthrop, Esq.,--who received seventeen votes in Medfo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cambridge (search)
Cambridge City, and one of the county seats of Middlesex county. Mass., separated from Boston by the Charles River; was founded in 1631 under the name of Newtown; and is noted as the place where Washington took command of the Continental army on July 2, 1775; as the seat of Harvard University (q. v.); and as the place where the sons of Alvan Clark carry on the manufacture of astronomical instruments which have a world-wide reputation. In 1900 the city had a total assessed valuation of taxable property of $94,467,930, and the net city and water debt was $6,226,182. The population in 1890 was 70,028; in 1900, 91,886. The second Synod of Massachusetts met at Cambridge in 1646, and was not dissolved until 1648. The synod composed and adopted a system of church discipline called The Cambridge platform, and recommended it, together with the Westminster Confession of Faith, to the general court and to the churches. The latter, in New England, generally complied with the recommend
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Drake, Samuel Adams, 1833- (search)
Drake, Samuel Adams, 1833- Historian; born in Boston, Mass., Dec. 20, 1833; adopted journalism as a profession, but at the beginning of the Civil War entered the National service and rose to the rank of colonel of United States volunteers in 1863. He is the author of Nooks and Corners of the New England coast; The making of New England; Old landmarks of Boston; History of Middlesex county, etc.
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