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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), French assistance. (search)
n July 8, 1778, bearing 4,000 French troops. With it came M. Gerard, the first French minister accredited to the United States. Silas Deane also returned from his mission to France in the same vessel (the Languedoc), the flagship. Having sent his passengers up to Philadelphia in a frigate, D'Estaing sailed for Sandy Hook, and anchored off the harbor of New York. Lord Howe, who had fortunately for himself left the Delaware a few days before D'Estaing's arrival, was now with his fleet in Raritan Bay, whither the heavy French vessels could not safely follow. On July 22 he sailed, with his squadron, to co-operate with General Sullivan against the British in Rhode Island. On July 10, 1780, another powerful French fleet, commanded by the Chevalier de Ternay, arrived at Newport, R. I. It was composed of seven ships of the line, besides frigates and transports. The latter bore a French army, 6,000 strong, commanded by Lieutenant-General the Count de Rochambeau. This was the first divi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monmouth, battle of (search)
kept him from the field, entered Philadelphia with a detachment before the rear-guard of the British had left it. The remainder of the army, under the immediate command of Washington, crossed the Delaware above Trenton and pursued. Gen. Charles Lee (q. v.), who had been exchanged, was now with the army, and persistently opposed all interference with Clinton's march across New Jersey, and found fault with everything. Clinton had intended to march to New Brunswick and embark his army on Raritan Bay for New York; but, finding Washington in his path, he turned, at Allentown, towards Monmouth, to make his way to Sandy Hook, and thence to New York by water. Washington followed him in a parallel line, prepared to strike him whenever an opportunity should offer, while Clinton wished to avoid a battle, for he was encumbered with baggage- Old Monmouth Court-House. wagons and a host of camp-followers, making his line 12 miles in length. He encamped near the court-house in Freehold, Monmo
Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey a town of 8,000 pop., at the head of Raritan Bay, 25 miles from New York. Engaged in domestic commerce.
trodden by the mariners of Hudson, a trading station seems, in 1618, to have been occupied at Bergen. In December, 1651, Augustine Herman purchased, but hardly took possession of the land that stretched from Newark Bay to the Chap XV.} west of Elizabethtown, while, in January, 1658, otherpurchasers obtained the large grant called Bergen, where the early station became a permanent settlement. Before the end of 1664, a few families of Quakers appear also to have found a refuge south of Raritan Bay. More than a year earlier, New England Puritans, 1663 March 26. Albany Records IV. 415. sojourners on Long Island, solicited of the Dutch, and, as the records prove, obtained leave to establish on the banks of the Raritan and the Minnisink, their cherished institutions, and even their criminal jurisprudence. Soon 1664 Sept. 20. after the surrender, a similar petition was renewed to the representative of the duke of York; and, as the parties, heedless of the former grant to Herman,