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Demosthenes, Speeches 31-40 42 0 Browse Search
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Q. Horatius Flaccus (Horace), Odes (ed. John Conington) 4 0 Browse Search
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.) 4 0 Browse Search
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Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon, section 171 (search)
His father was Demosthenes of Paeania, a free man, for there is no need of lying. But how the case stands as to his inheritance from his mother and his maternal grandfather, I will tell you. There was a certain Gylon of Cerameis. This man betrayed Nymphaeum in the Pontus to the enemy, for the place at that time belonged to our city.Nymphaeum was a port of the Tauric Chersonese. He was impeached and became an exile from the city, not awaiting trial. He came to BosporusThe Cimmerian Bosporus; the chief city was Panticapeum, the modern Kertch. and there received as a present from the tyrants of the land a place called “the Gardens
Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 696 (search)
ls of the harbor, you shall reachthe Cimmerian isthmus. This you must leave with stout heart and pass through the channel of Maeotis; and ever after among mankind there shall be great mention of your passing, and it shall be called after you the Bosporus.*Bo/sporos, by popular etymology derived from bou=s and po/ros, “passing of the cow,” is, according to Wecklein, a Thracian form of *fwsfo/ros, “light-bearing,” an epithet of the goddess Hecate. The dialectical form, once misunderstood, was then, it is conjectured, transferred from the Thracian (cp. Aesch. Pers. 746) to the Crimean strait. In theSuppliantsAeschylus makes Io cross the Thracian Bosporus.Then, leaving the soil of Europe,you shall come to the Asian continent. Does it not seem to you that the tyrant of the gods is violent in all his ways? For this god, desirous of union with this mortal maid, has imposed upon her these wanderings. Maiden, you have gained a cruel suitorfor your hand. As to the tale you now have he
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 715 (search)
to ruin. Darius Tell me, what son of mine led our army there? Atossa Impetuous Xerxes, depopulating the whole surface of the continent. Darius Was it by land or sea that he made this mad expedition, the reckless man? Atossa By both. There was a twofold front of double armies. Darius But how was it that so vast a land force won a passage to the farther shore? Atossa By a clever device he yoked the Hellespont so as to gain a passage. Darius What! Did he succeed in closing the mighty Bosporus? Atossa Yes indeed. One of the divine powers must have assisted him in his purpose. Darius Alas! Some mighty power came upon him so that he was not able to think clearly. Atossa Yes, since we can see the outcome, what ruin he wrought. Darius And how then did they fare that you now lament them? Atossa Disaster to the naval force brought ruin to the force on land. Darius And did the whole army utterly perish by the spear? Atossa Yes, and it is for this reason that the whole city of S
Aeschylus, Persians (ed. Herbert Weir Smyth, Ph. D.), line 739 (search)
confident that, only after long lapse of time, the gods would in some way bring them to accomplishment; nevertheless, when man hastens to his own undoing, the god too participates with him. A fountain of misfortune has now, I think, been discovered for all I love. A son of mine it was who, in his ignorance, brought these things to pass through youthful recklessness;for he conceived the hope that he could by shackles, as if it were a slave, restrain the current of the sacred Hellespont, the Bosporus, a stream divine; he set himself to fashion a roadway of a new type, and, by casting upon it hammer-wrought fetters, made a spacious causeway for his mighty host. Mortal though he was, he thought in his folly that he would gain the mastery of all the gods,yes, even over Poseidon. Must this not have been a disease of the soul that possessed my son? I fear that the plenteous treasure amassed by my toil may become the prey of the spoiler. Atossa This lesson impetuous Xerxes learned through
Aristotle, Economics, Book 2, section 1347b (search)
while the State took the addition and filled its treasury. The people of Heraclea, being about to dispatch a fleet of forty ships against the lords of Bosporus, were at a loss for the necessary funds. They therefore bought up all the merchants' stock of corn and oil and wine and other marketable commodities, agreeing to pay at a future date. The merchants were well satisfied that they had disposed of their cargoes without breaking bulk; and the people, advancing two months' pay to their armament, sent along with it a fleet of merchant-vessels laden with the commodities, every ship being in charge of a public official. When the expedition reached its goal, the men purchased from these officials all they needed. In this way, the money was collected before the leaders again paid their
Demosthenes, Against Leptines, section 30 (search)
mption not only from public services but also from the payment of customs at the Piraeus. His sons were Spartacus and Paerisades, who succeeded him as joint rulers, and Apollonius. An inscription in their honor was voted in the years 347-346. It was discovered at Athens and published in 1877. See Hicks, Manual of Greek Historical Inscriptions, no. 111. the ruler of the Bosporus, and his children of the reward which you bestowed on them. For, of course, Leucon is a foreigner by birth, though by adoption an Athenian citizen, but on neither ground can he claim exemption, if this law stands. And yet, while of our other benefactors each has made himself useful to us on one occasion, Leucon will be found on reflection to be a perpetual benefactor, and that in a matter esp
Demosthenes, Against Leptines, section 32 (search)
See what this amounts to. He exacts a toll of one-thirtieth from exporters of corn from his country. Now from the Bosporus there come to Athens about four hundred thousand bushels; the figures can be checked by the books of the grain commissioners. So for each three hundred thousand bushels he makes us a present of ten thousand bushels, and for the remaining hundred thousand a present of roughly three thousand.To help his audience in this piece of mental arithmetic, Demosthenes divides his 400,000 into two parts, of 300,000 (of which the thirtieth is easily calculated) and of 100,000, the thirtieth of which is 3333 1/3 or roughly 3000. It should be remembered that the medimnus is more strictly about a bushel and a half.
Demosthenes, Against Leptines, section 33 (search)
Now, so little danger is there of his depriving our state of this gift, that he has opened another depot at Theudosia, which our merchants say is not at all inferior to the Bosporus,Here not the district, but the capital, Panticapaeum, the modern Kertch. Sixty miles west lies Theudosia (Kaffa), an ancient colony of Miletus. and there, too, he has granted us the same exemption. I omit much that might be said about the other benefits conferred upon you by this prince and also by his ancestors, but the year before last, when there was a universal shortage of grain, he not only sent enough for your needs, but such a quantity in addition that Callisthenes had a surplus of fifteen talents of silver to dispose of.Callisthenes, assitw/nhsor Food Controller (an office held by Demosthene<
Demosthenes, Against Leptines, section 36 (search)
How reasonable and just was the immunity which Leucon has obtained from you, these decrees have informed you, gentlemen of the jury. Copies of all these decrees on stone were set up by you and by Leucon in the Bosporus, in the Piraeus, and at Hierum.On the Asiatic side of the entrance to the Thracian Bosporus from the Euxine. Just reflect to what depths of meanness you are dragged by this law, which makes the nation less trustworthy than an individual.
Demosthenes, Against Leptines, section 60 (search)
In the second place, will you not wrong Archebius and Heraclides, who by putting Byzantium into the hands of Thrasybulus made you masters of the Hellespont, so that you farmed out the toll of ten per cent,Levied by the Byzantines on the value of the cargo of every ship passing through the Bosporus. and thus being well furnished with money forced the Lacedaemonians to conclude a peace favorable to you?The Athenians gained Byzantium and Chalcedon in 390 B.C. It is strange to find the notorious peace of Antalcidas mentioned with approval. When subsequently they were banished, you, Athenians, passed what I think was a very proper decree in favor of men exiled through devotion to your interests, conferring on them the title of Friends of
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